Canadian Triple Crown

Author: Jana Nemeckova, published: 11th January 2008. A quick switch for the small-screens version.

Triple Crown

The Canadian Triple Crown differs from its American counterpart in several aspects. It's run later in the season, beginning with June or July, and above all, each race is contested over a different surface, which is a very special requirement for modern thoroughbreds. Distances are the same as in the American version although they also changed over the years - for example, the Queen's Plate was contested over several distances from one to two miles. And speaking of the Queen's Plate - it's not only the oldest race in Canada but also older race than any race of the American Triple Crown. Its first edition took place in 1860 - and the Belmont Stakes, the oldest race of the American Triple Crown, was established 7 years later.

However, the American Triple Crown was compiled incomparably faster. The idea of the Triple Crown comes approximately from the 1920s, but all its races were founded in the span of mere 14 years. The situation in Canada was completely different: the youngest of the Canadian Triple Crown races, the Prince of Wales Stakes, was established in 1929, making the whole series possible long seventy years after the first running of the Queen's Plate. However, it took even 17 more years before the race was run annually. During this period, from 1929 to 1946, three horses have won the Triple Crown, and two others were denied a chance for it because of only two races. However, the Triple Crown itself was officially established in 1959; in addition to seven official winners since then, five more horses, who won prior to this date, were honored in 2014 by the decision of the Canadian Hall of Fame.

Canadian Triple Crown series
RaceEst.DistanceSurfaceDateTrackLocation
Queen's Plate18601 1/4mtapetaJune / JulyWoodbineToronto, Ontario
Prince of Wales Stakes19291 3/16mdirtJulyFort ErieFort Erie, Ontario
Breeders' Stakes18891 1/2mturfAugustWoodbineToronto, Ontario

The Canadian Triple Crown has several curiosities. It has the same pair of a sire and his son, who won the Triple Crown, like the U.S. pair of Gallant Fox and Omaha - it's Canadian Champ, the winner from 1956, and his son Canebora, who won only seven years later.

It has also its consequent winners - not only two like the U.S. Triple Crown, but three in a row - With Approval, Izvestia, and Dance Smartly from 1989 to 1991; they were closely followed by Peteski in 1993.

Kinghaven Farms bred and owned two winners of the Triple Crown - grey colts With Approval and Izvestia, who shared the same granddam, the Canadian Oaks winner Cool Mood. Both colts were trained by Roger Attfield, who added his third Triple Crown winner three years after Izvestia, with a chestnut colt named Peteski. Who was, by the way, son of the U.S. Triple Crown winner Affirmed.

Another double breeder - owner was Edward P. Taylor, who bred and owned not only winners New Providence and Canebora but also bred Canebora's sire Canadian Champ, who was later owned by Bill Beasley during his career.

And finally, unlike the U.S. Triple Crown, Canadian equivalent has a female winner - or two of them, to be exact. The very first horse ever who won the Canadian Triple Crown was a chestnut filly Queensway in 1932 - one year after her half-brother Froth Blower maybe failed to do so due to no running of the Prince of Wales Stakes. She was accompanied in 1991 by Dance Smartly. Also, Dance Smartly almost became the dam of another Triple Crown winner, but her son Scatter the Gold could only finish third in the 2000 running of the Breeders' Stakes after winning the first two legs.

Canadian Triple Crown winners
YearNamePedigreeBreederOwnerTrainer
1932Queenswaych.f.Old Koenig - Chrysoberil, VerdunRobert W.R. CowieRobert W.R. CowieHarry Giddings Jr.
1939Archworthch.c.Worthmore - Archipelago, SamoaWilliam Henry WrightGeorge McCullaghMark Cowell
1945Uttermostb.c.Soleil du Midi - Uppermost, CohortHarry C. HatchHarry C. HatchCecil Howard
1955Ace Marinech.c.Ace Admiral - Mazarine, SweepsterCarr HatchLarkin MaloneyYonnie Starr
1956Canadian Champb.c.Windfields - Bolesteo, FilisteoEdward P. TaylorW.R. „Bill" BeasleyJohn Passero
1959New Providenceb.c.Bull Page - Fair Colleen, PrecipticEdward P. TaylorWindfields FarmGordon J. McCann
1963Caneborabr.c.Canadian Champ - Menebora, MenetrierEdward P. TaylorWindfields FarmGordon J. McCann
1989With Approvalgr.c.Caro - Passing Mood, BuckpasserKinghaven FarmsKinghaven FarmsRoger Attfield
1990Izvestiagr.c.Icecapade - Shy Spirit, PersonalityKinghaven FarmsKinghaven FarmsRoger Attfield
1991Dance Smartlyb.f.Danzig - Classy 'n Smart, SmartenSam-Son FarmSam-Son FarmJames E. Day
1993Peteskich.c.Affirmed - Vive, NureyevBarry SchwartzEarle I. MackRoger Attfield
2003Wandoch.c.Langfuhr - Kathie's Colleen, WoodmanGus SchickedanzGus SchickedanzMichael Keogh

Winners of two legs

As stated previously, 29 horses could only run in the Queen's Plate. 47 more were allowed to compete in only two legs of future Triple Crown, and 17 of them became also the winners of both of them, including two horses in those years right after the inauguration of the Prince of Wales Stakes when the race wasn't held each year. Here's a complete list of the Canadian double classic winners:

Canadian double classic winners
YearQueen's PlatePrince of Wales StakesBreeders StakesPedigree
1891VictoriousVictoriousTerror - Bonnie Vic, Vicksburg
1895Bonniefield (f)Bonniefield (f)Springfield - Bonnie Ino, Strachino
1899Butter ScotchButter ScotchDerwentwater - Sugar Plum, Bersan
1901John RuskinJohn RuskinJuggler - Rusina, Beaudesert
1902Lyddite (f)Lyddite (f)Derwenwater - Spark, Spendthrift
1906SlaughterSlaughterHavoc - Martyrdom, St. Blaise
1908SeismicSeismicHavoc - Semley, St. Serf
1910ParmerParmerThe Commoner - Placena, Loyalist
1911St. BassSt. BassBassetlaw - Lady Betz, Hanover
1913Hearts of OakHearts of OakBassetlaw - Lady Lightfoot, Greenback
1914Beehive Beehive Bassetlaw - My Honey, Yo El Rey
1916MandarinMandarinHavoc - Royal China, Worcester
1920St. PaulSt. PaulPlaudmore - Panthea, Bassetlaw
1921HerendesyHerendesyHeresy - Depends, The Friar
1928Young Kitty (f)Young Kitty (f)Old Koenig - Gallant Kitty, Havoc
1929Inaugural Running
1931Froth BlowerNo raceFroth BlowerCudgel - Chrysoberil, Verdun
1934HorometerNo raceHorometerHourless - Star Pal, North Star
1936SamoanSamoanSpey Pearl - Samoa, Cylgad
1940HoodHoodMarine - The Wishing Well, Viceroy
1948Last MarkLast MarkKoenigsmark - McTab, Lovetie
1950NephistoNephistoFairaris - Mademoiselle Satan, Sardanapale
1951Major FactorMajor FactorBoswell - Aldwych, Marine
1953Chain ReactionChain ReactionChop Chop - Erstwhile, Helter Skelter
1954Queen's OwnQueen's OwnWar Jeep - Sea Reigh, Reigh Count
1961Song of Even (f)Song of Even (f)Vimy - Evensong, The Phoenix
1965Good Old MortGood Old MortPromised Land - Blue Path, Blue Swords
1966Titled HeroTitled HeroCanadian Champ - Countess Angela, Bull Page
1970AlmonerAlmonerVictoria Park - Coup, War Relic
1975L'EnjoleurL'EnjoleurBuckpasser - Fanfreluche, Northern Dancer
1976NorcliffeNorcliffeBuckpasser - Drama School, Northern Dancer
1977Dance In TimeDance In TimeNorthern Dancer - Allegro, Chop Chop
1978OverskateOverskateNodouble - Overstate, Speak John
1982Runaway GroomRunaway GroomBlushing Groom - Yonnie Girl, Call the Witness
1986Golden ChoiceGolden ChoiceVal de l'Orne - Your My Choice, Barachois
1994BasqueianBasqueianBounding Basque - Valse Musette, Halo
1998Archer's BayArcher's BaySilver Deputy - Adorned, Val de l'Orne
2000Scatter the GoldScatter the GoldMr. Prospector - Dance Smartly, Danzig
2004A Bit O'GoldA Bit O'GoldGold Fever - Annasan, Corporate Report
2011Pender HarbourPender HarbourPhilantropist - Uproar, Hail the Ruckus

Triple Tiara

The Canadian Triple Tiara differs from any version of the American series, and is completely held at Woodbine:

Canadian Triple Tiara
RaceEst.DistanceTrackLocation
Woodbine Oaks - formerly Canadian Oaks19561 1/8mWoodbineToronto, Ontario
Bison City Stakes19541 1/16mWoodbineToronto, Ontario
Wonder Where Stakes19651 1/4mWoodbineToronto, Ontario

The Triple Tiara doesn't have such a dramatic history, as all of her races were inaugurated in the span of 12 years. In the meantime, no filly was able to win at least two legs; after more than 50 years of existence, it still has only one winner.

Canadian Triple Tiara winners
YearNamePedigreeBreederOwnerTrainer
2007Sealy Hillb.f.Point Given - Boston Twist, Boston HarborEugene MelnykMelnyk Racing StableMark E. Casse

There were 19 more fillies who won two legs of the Triple Tiara, including nine Triple Tiara hopefuls. Here is a complete list of them:

Winners of two legs of Triple Tiara
YearWoodbine OaksBison City StakesWonder Where StakesPedigree
1965Northern QueenNorthern QueenNearctic - Victoriana, Windfields
1971Laurie's DancerLaurie's DancerNorthern Dancer - It's Ann, Royal Gem
1976Bye Bye ParisBye Bye ParisGrey Dawn - Bye Bye Bunty, Bunty Lawless
1978La VoyageuseLa VoyageuseTentam - Fanfreluche, Northern Dancer
1981Rainbow ConnectionRainbow ConnectionHalo - Hangin Round, Stage Door Johnny
1982AvowalAvowalL'Enjoleur - Well In Hand, Bold Ruler
1983Northern BlossomNorthern BlossomSnow Knight - Victorian Heiress, Northern Dancer
1984Classy 'n SmartClassy 'n SmartSmarten - No Class, Nodouble
1985In My CapIn My CapVice Regent - Passing Look, Buckpasser
1986PlaylistPlaylistMiswaki - Night Light, Northern Dancer
1992Hope for a BreezeHope for a BreezeBriartic - Rob Roy's Breeze, Carteret
1994MysteriouslyMysteriouslyAfleet - Puzzle Book, Text
1996Silent FleetSilent FleetSilent Screen - Fleet Way, Diplomat Way
1998Kirby's SongKirby's SongSultry Song - Impulsive Lady, Strike the Anvil
2000Catch the RingCatch the RingSeeking the Gold - Radiant Ring, Halo
2006KimchiKimchiLangfuhr - Alljazz, Stop the Music
2010Free Free LadyFree Free LadyVictory Gallop - Atocha Queen, Slew o'Gold
2014Lexie LouLexie LouSligo Bay - Oneexcessivenite, In Excess
2016CarenCarenSociety's Chariman - Jo Zak, Vilzak