Northern Dancer (CAN), 1961

Author: Jana Nemeckova, published: 7th October 2017, updated: 11th January 2018

Error report

To describe Northern Dancer is pretty simple. Never before has the horse racing world seen such an absolute stallion dominance.

Quick links:
Nearctic
CAN, 1954
Nearco
ITY, 1935
Pharos
GB, 1920
Phalaris GB, 1913
Scapa Flow GB, 1914
Nogara
ITY, 1928
Havresac FR, 1910
Catnip IRE, 1910
Lady Angela
GB, 1944
Hyperion
GB, 1930
Gainsborough GB, 1915
Selene GB, 1919
Sister Sarah
GB, 1930
Abbot's Trace IRE, 1917
Sarita GB, 1924
Natalma
USA, 1957
Native Dancer
USA, 1950
Polynesian
USA, 1942
Unbreakable USA, 1935
Black Polly USA, 1936
Geisha
USA, 1943
Discovery USA, 1931
Miyako USA, 1935
Almahmoud
USA, 1947
Mahmoud
FR, 1933
Blenheim GB, 1927
Mah Mahal GB, 1928
Arbitrator
USA, 1937
Peace Chance USA, 1931
Mother Goose USA, 1922

Pedigree notes

Northern Dancer was, from head to toe, a masterpiece of his breeder E.P. Taylor. In 1952, he purchased the eight-year-old Hyperion’s daughter Lady Angela at the December Sale in Newmarket; by that time, she was the winner of only one of eleven starts, and she produced four foals, none of them of any importance. However, she descended from a very strong family of Pretty Polly's daughter Molly Desmond - whose best years were yet to come, but by the time Taylor bought Lady Angela, she had already produced the Irish double classic winner Spike Island, the Irish St. Leger winner, and the Irish Derby second Zodiac, the Oaks Stakes second Golden Silence, top stayer Fearless Fox, who defeated Mahmoud in the St. Leger for second; the St. Leger second and the Eclipse Stakes third Challenge, the Cheveley Park Stakes winner Lady Sybil, a proven miler Orthodox, a top British filly Ladycross, the King Edward VII. Stakes winner Babu's Pet, a top Italian horse and the double classic winner Macherio, a French proven middle distance runner and the Prix du Jockey Club third Violoncelle and the Two Thousand Guineas second Stokes. Moreover, a French colt Guersant just closed his three-year-old season, which included victory in the Poule d'Essai des Poulains, as well as Winged Foot, who ran third in the Irish 1000 Guineas, and as well as Sybil's Nephew, who ran second in the Derby Stakes behind Arctic Prince. These were simply great results for only three generations of the family, so the interest in Lady Angela was well understandable, as well as the sum of $35,000 Taylor was willing to pay for her. Little could anybody know that in the next few years, the family will deliver St. Paddy in 1957, Great Nephew in 1963, Luthier in 1965, and Brigadier Gerard in 1968, to prove again and again how strong background Lady Angela possessed.

As for Lady Angela herself, she was bred to Nearco in 1953, and sent to the United States, where she gave birth to Nearctic. Let's remind only that Nearco had his first crop in 1939; Nasrullah was born 1940, his son Noor in 1945, daughter Musidora in 1946 and Belle of All in 1948, as well as Zucchero; Nearula came in 1951. Nearco's son Dante won the war Derby in 1945 and Royal Charger placed in the Guineas in the same year - his daughter Happy Laughter won the Guineas in 1953, which was the very same year Dante's colt Darius was one of the top juveniles. Sayajirao added the Irish Derby and the British St. Leger in 1947, and Duplicity ran third in the One Thousand Guineas in 1948 - the same year Masaka won both the English and the Irish Oaks. Nimbus won both the Guineas and the Derby in 1949, and Neasham Belle the Oaks in 1951; Nearco's grandson Arctic Prince won the Derby in 1951, and so did Tulyar a year later. So by the time Taylor let Lady Angela breed to Nearco, the 18 years old stallion was already a living legend, and Mr. Taylor had to know very well what he's bringing to North America.

A dark bay colt Nearctic, born in February 1954 and conditioned by Gordon "Pete" McCann and reportedly by Horatio Luro during his American training, was "the Horse of the year at the age of four", but this is really too little to start with. He made 47 starts in 4 years, and he was good enough to win the Saratoga Special Stakes in August over the Sanford Stakes winner Clem, who grew up into top handicap horse and a rival to such giants as Bold Ruler and Round Table. Aside of that, Nearctic won the Clarendon Stakes over the Cup And Saucer Stakes winner Ali's Pride, the Princess Elizabeth Stakes placed Miss Kansulin, and the Victoria Stakes over Mister Jive, who won not only the Summer Stakes in Woodbine, but also the Cowdin Stakes and the second division of Youthful Stakes in the States - which was clearly enough to declare Nearctic the best two-year-old in the country. As a three-year-old, Nearctic had only one important result, winning the International Handicap at Fort Erie by six lengths in equalled circuit record time. Some notes say that "Nearctic was sent to compete with the best colts in the United States" - if so, there's not much evidence of it in modern sources.

Nearctic returned to Canada for four-year-old season, which was probably the best possible thing for him. He showed admirable versatility, winning from five to ten furlongs; he won both the Bold Venture Handicap and the Vigil Handicap over the shortest distance, and he was able to defeat Mister Jive over 7 furlongs - the colt who held three track records in Canada, from five furlongs to 1 1/16 miles. Nearctic himself set track record for six furlongs in Woodbine, when winning the Jacques Cartier Stakes in 1:09.80; he made another track record in Detroit, this time 1:36.20 over one mile, when winning the Michigan Mile Handicap. He was still good enough to win the Canadian Maturity Stakes over 9 furlongs, where he defeated Our Sirar, the winner of classic Prince of Wales' Stakes and the Seagram Cup Handicap; he lost the Autumn Handicap at the distance of 10 furlongs to Kitty Girl – a very durable filly who raced for five years, winning the Nassau Stakes, two seasons of the Duchess Stakes, two seasons of the Nettie Handicap (and ran third in another one) and two seasons of the Whimsical Stakes, and who was more than used to competing with boys and to defeating them, e.g. in the King Edward Stakes or the Jockey Club Cup Handicap. Nearctic was voted the Canadian Horse of the year of 1958, and despite running one more season, he didn't have better results than winning one more edition of the Vigil Handicap over the Seaway Handicap winner War Eagle.

Nearctic was retired to Windfields Farm, and started his career as a stallion in 1960. Northern Dancer was right in his first crop; later came a double classic winner and champion filly Northern Queen, the Wonder Where Stakes and the Nettie Handicap winner Ice Water, the unlucky colt Cool Reception, a Canadian champion two-year-old, who fatally injured himself when finishing second to Damascus in the Belmont Stakes; the US top handicap winning filly Cold Comfort, classic placed Cool Moon or a French G1 winning juvenile and British classic winner Nonoalco. He was the damsire of the double champion filly La Prevoyante, the champion Ben Fab, Kennedy Road, who held champions' title for four years in a row; the Canadian Oaks and the Nettie Hadnicap winner Square Angel, the dam of the champion filly and Broodmare of the Year Kamar, or the US multiple G1 winning handicap male Winter's Tale. Nearctic is also the third sire of Red Ransom and Quiet American, fourth sire of Barbaro and sire of the stallions Briartic, Explodent, and above all, Icecapade. The Canadian Triple Crown winner and the Horse of the year Izvestia was inbred 2x4 to Nearctic through Icecapade and Northern Dancer.

So far we were still on the paternal side of Northern Dancer's pedigree. As for the damsire and the third sire, they were Native Dancer and Mahmoud, respectively; there's not much to say about the three times champion and Horse of the Year Native Dancer, who became a legend on his own, both on the racetracks and at stud, where he established the second most important sireline of the modern era. But as for Mahmoud, the story is much more complicated. It's a well-known fact that grey Mahmoud won the Derby 1936 in a track record time, which stood for almost sixty years. It's a bit less known that he lost the Middle Park Stakes due to a great loss of ground at the start; that he ran second in the Two Thousand Guineas only by a short head; that he lost the St. James's Palace Stakes by five lengths maybe only because of exhaustion from the Derby, and that he led the field of the St. Leger for a while in the stretch before fading to third. And equally undervalued as his racing career is often his stud career, as many people seem to not fully appreciate the unbelievable width of influence Mahmoud had in thoroughbred breeding. He did much more than "sired several good runners" in Mount Marcy or Oil Capitol - he influenced tens of important stallions of the modern era, giants like Sir Ivor, Halo, Pleasant Colony and Northern Dancer himself included. The actual list of sires, who passed Mahmoud's blood on, is utterly fascinating:

Via his sons: Flushing - Seattle Song - Tiznow; Mehrali - Hawaii; Mount Marcy - Avatar; Mr. Trouble - Sir Ivor; Cohoes - Quadrangle, Devil's Bag, Saint Ballado, Rahy, Singspiel; The Axe II - Al Hattab - Black Tie Affair, Holy Bull, Hatchet Man, Relaunch, Fabulous Dancer, Green Forest, Caveat, Rubiano. Via grandsons: Your Host - Windy Sands, Tosho Boy; Claro - Snow Chief (and also Cigar); Duccio - Balmerino; Gallant Man - Elocutionist, Lord Avie, Amber Shadai; Fastnet Rock - Ile de Bourbon - Kahyasi - Dansili; Promised Land - Spectacular Bid, Understanding - Sunday Silence; What a Pleasure - Foolish Pleasure, Honest Pleasure, Gilded Time, Scenic; Tomcat - Hennessy - Johannesburg; Determine - Gummo, King's Bishop, Alleged; Midsummer Night - Jimmy Reppin, Unusual Heat; Grey Dawn - Vigors, Two Punch, Holy Bull, Pia Star. Via his great-grandsons: Roan Rocket - Rory's Jester, Ballad Rock; Lucky Mel - Unbridled's Song; Sanctus - Kingmambo; Drone - Dancing Brave, Grindstone; Sunrise Flight - Pleasant Colony; Bold Lad - Polish Precedent, Zilzal; Sovereign Dancer - Priolo, Indian Charle; Maribeau - Mari's Book, Silvano; Halo - Devil's Bag, Sunday Silence, Saint Ballado, Harlan, Rahy, Singspiel, Machiavellian, Pine Bluff, More Than Ready, Victory Gallop and Fusaichi Pegasus; Arctic Tern - Bering; Hawkster - Afleet Alex. And via other descendants: Sea Hawk - In the Wings, Cape Cross, Dubawi; Affirmed - Bernstein, Harlan's Holiday, Muhtathir; With Approval, Touch Gold. Counting Mahmoud's great-grandson Northern Dancer into this list, meaning it includes the also blood of Sadler's Wells, Danehill, Nijinsky and so many other important sires - long story short, Mahmoud was clearly one of the most infuental stallions of the century.

As for the dam's part of the pedigree, bay filly Natalma was bred in Virginia by Mrs. E.H. Augustus and Daniel G. Van Clief and sold as a yearling at Saratoga - for $35,000 to E.P. Taylor. She won 3 of her 7 starts and placed twice, including a disqualification from the first place in the Spinaway Stakes, one of the top races for two-year-old fillies. Natalma was diagnosed with a bone chip in her knee when preparing for the Kentucky Oaks and was retired. There was a lot to expect from her at stud, as she was - as mentioned - the descendant of two great stallions, and she was a great-granddaughter of the champion two-year-old filly Mother Goose. However, her own granddam Arbitrator was unraced and other offspring of Mother Goose won less than $15,000 for four horses combined. Arbitrator's sons didn't do much better, as their average winning prize for one finish on board was slightly over $1,000 dollars, and they raced from 57 to 102 times. Fillies Arbitress and Avatara remained unplaced, and Fire Ship won once from 21 starts - so much for the myth of a great family. However, the remaining two fillies out of Arbitrator, Almahmoud and Dispute, are something to talk about.

Dispute was a very good three-year-old, winning the Test Stakes over former good juvenile Case Goods and over Talora, winner of the second division of the Vagrancy Handicap. Dispute herself got beaten in the Vagrancy Handicap by former Canadian Horse of the year and great filly Canadiana. As for the third important start, Dispute got beaten in the Gallorette Handicap by Mlle Lorette - the same filly who defeated Canadiana in the Barbara Fritchie Handicap. At the age of four, Dispute, who ran 30 times, won the only running of the Golden Anniversary Handicap - over three times champion filly Parlo, and the top handicap filly Oil Painting. However, Dispute apparently left no foals. Almahmoud ran only 11 times, winning the Colleen Stakes at two and the Vineland Handicap at three; in the latter one, she defeated Alcibiades's daughter and tough handicap filly Lithe, who was able not only to defeat three champion fillies in her career, but also to run third behind Coaltown and Armed in the Washington Park Handicap. Third in this race was, by the way, one of those champions, Bewitch.

The first foal out of Almahmoud was Cosmah, who defeated champion Nasrina in the Gardenia Trial Stakes, and got beaten by her in both the Gardenia Stakes and the Frizette Stakes. She won the Astarita Stakes over Noor's Image and Levee and later added a second-place finish in the Gazelle Handicap. The third foal overall and a second filly was Natalma, followed by placed colt Retinoscope, and two minor winners Folk Dancer and Nash. Unplaced filly Bubbling Beauty was the last filly out of Almahmoud, and the very last foal was winner Ramadan. With three daughters of Almahmoud, this was the exact place where the "great family" started.

Bubbling Beauty is, however, a quite arguable member of this group. She produced four unraced foals, three more unplaced, and two colts who had one and two show efforts, respectively. The only winning filly was Champagne Cocktail by Roberto, who produced five winners. One of them was G2-placed filly Sangria, the second-best horse in the family; the first one was the Japanese G1-placed grandson of Champagne Cocktail named Eishin Guymon. But the last foal out of Bubbling Beauty was Arctic Tern, a very successful colt in France, winner of the Prix Ganay and third from the Eclipse Stakes behind Artaius. More importantly, Arctic Tern became the champion sire in France, with the Prix de Diane winners Harbour and Escaline, and with his son Bering and a grandson Pennekamp, he left a good mark on European breeding. However, that was, sadly, all from the Bubbling Beauty's branch.

Cosmah was much more successful, as she produced three times champion filly Tosmah, the Fountain of Youth Stakes winner and sire Maribeau, a good juvenile and the Withers Stakes third Father's Image, and above all, the United Nations Handicap winner and outstanding sire Halo. The family includes, without further sorting, the Oka Sho second Royal Cosmah, a G2 winner and the Metropolitan Handicap laced John's Gold, a G1-placed sprinter Catrail, the Prix Vermeille second Salpinx and her G1-placed sons Synefos and Zalazl, the Poule d'Essai des Poulains winner and the Prix du Jockey Club second L'Emigrant, the Kentucky Derby winner and both the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes third Cannonade, the Acorn Stakes winner Lotka, the Kentucky Derby and the Belmont Stakes second Stephan's Odyssey, a nine times G1-winning filly and champion Flawlessly, the Prix de Diane second Nadia, the Prix Morny G1 third Heeremandi and a G1-placed stayer Zindabad.

Natalma herself produced ten winners. The very first foal was Northern Dancer; he was followed by the Canadian Stakes winner Native Victor by Victoria Park, and Northern Dancer's full sister Arctic Dancer, who was only placed from two starts but produced the champion filly La Prevoyante. The third colt, Regal Dancer by Grey Monarch, won the Jacques Cartier Stakes; Northern Dancer's full brother Northern Native placed in the Plate Trial Stakes and the Toronto Cup Handicap. Another Nearctic colt Northern Ace wasn't a stakes horse, but he won or placed in more than a half of his 22 starts. Unraced filly Native Era by Victorian Era produced Canadian G3-placed Northern Sister, who ran third to champion mare Bessarabian in the Woodbine BC Handicap, but her whole family quite failed at stud. Natalma's sixth son Nostrum by Dr. Fager ran second in the Sport Page Handicap; Transalantic by Nearctic became a stallion in Japan, where his blood leads to a G1-placed miler Cosmo Sensor. Bay filly Spring Adieu by Buckpasser won three of her seven starts, and became a broodmare, as well as unraced Raise the Standard by Hoist the Flag; Spring Adieu's full brother Tai, born between them, ran third in the Plate Trial Stakes. The very last son Polar Sky by Snow Knight was unplaced in his single start in the U.K., and the last daughter Born a Lady by Tentam was a small stakes winner.

As for Natalma's daughters, Arctic Dancer, aside from La Prevoyante, left Danseuse Etoile, the dam of G1-placed colts Drapeau Tricolore and Danseur Etoile. Her grandson Proud Citizen ran second in the Kentucky Derby and third in the Preakness Stakes; later he became a sire of several good horses. Spring Adieu's breeding career was a complete disaster, as she left three unraced and four unplaced foals, and only two winners. But her placed daughter Razyana by His Majesty, who earned 2,250 dollars, became one of the best broodmares of the modern era. Her very first foal was Danehill, third from the Two Thousand Guineas behind Nashwan, who became one of the best sires worldwide. Aside from him, Razyana left several graded horses in Eagle Eyed, Anziyan and Shibboleth. But Razyana's only winning daughter was You're My Lady', who produced the Oceanside Stakes third colt Chayim; she was later sent to South Africa, where she produced a G1-placed filly Lady's Delight by Local Talent.

Raise the Standard produced the Prix Marcel Boussac third filly Coup de Folie, who went on to produce G1-winning juvenile Machiavellian and G1 miler Exit to Nowhere, both sires; among them, she gave birth to the French classic-placed Hydro Calido, English classic-placed Coup de Genie and G1-placed juvenile Ocean of Wisdom. Coup de Genie continued the family in the sparkling fashion, with the G1-placed juvenile filly Loving Kindness, G1-winning juvenile filly Denebola, the European champion Bago, French double G1 winner Maxios and the U.S. four times G1 winner Emollient. Other daughters of Coup de Folie added G1-winning juvenile Way of Light, and the U.S. G1-placed three-year-old Awesome Act. Coup de Folie's half-brother El Moxie sired several G1 winners in Australia, and their half-sister Bonita Francita is responsible for the Irish classic-placed sire Orpen, as well as for a minor sire Jules, who most notably sired the U.S. classic-placed colt Peace Rules. She's also the granddam of French classic winner Bluemamba and the third dam of Italian G1-placed filly Beautiful Heroine.

At stud

Northern Dancer is the name, which is familiar even to small breeders of warmblood horses. He did it in a pretty simple way: he established the sireline so powerful in so many branches, that his blood is literally everywhere. And it keeps reigning the Sport of kings even after 50 years - and still is gaining more and more power. One look at the list of top British sires is all you need: Northern Dancer's line leaves one or two spots for others, and that's all. With sons like Lyphard, Nijinsky and Sadler's Wells; with grandsons like Danehill, Galileo or Storm Cat, and with the army of tens of other successful stallions, Northern Dancer's blood influenced the whole horse-breeding in an absolutely gigantic style. And as for Dancer himself - in the first three crops, he sired FOUR Horses of the year and two more champions. Anything else is needed to be said?

But believe it or not, any complimentary sentence or paragraph, no matter how long it will be, can depict Northern Dancer's influence precisely. His real power was much bigger than people can imagine from a few words, and that's why we are here. To describe it in its full magnitude.

The very first offspring who caught the attention was chestnut colt Viceregal, a homebred for the Windfields Farm and a son of the Woodbine Oaks third Victoria Regina, a half-sister to Victoria Park. Viceregal won all eight starts as a juvenile, including the Coronation Futurity Stakes and the Cup And Saucer Stakes, which earned him not only the title of champion two-year-old, but also the Horse of the Year honors. As a three-year-old, he was prepared for the Kentucky Derby, but injured himself during a minor race in Lexington and had to be retired. As for his breeding career, which is a pretty important aspect of every Northern Dancer offspring, Viceregal is well-known as a damsire of Trempolino, and also the sire of German stallions Esclavo and Solarstern.

But Viceregal wasn't the only champion in the Northern Dancer's first crop - the others were Dance Act, who was the Canadian champion handicap horse in both 1970 and 1971, and One For All, who gained honors of the champion turf horse. Among them, chestnut filly Sno Where captured the Bison City Stakes, the second leg of the Canadian Triple Tiara. She had all preconditions for it, being the daughter of filly Wonder Where, who was voted the Canadian Horse of the Year, and after whom the third leg of the Triple Tiara is named. True North became a good dirt runner in the United States, and last, but not least, this crop included chestnut filly Cool Mood - who was not only able to defeat champion Not Too Shy in the Canadian Oaks but she also became important broodmare, being the granddam of TWO Canadian Triple Crown winners in grey colts Izvestia and With Approval.

If 1969 was a pretty good season for a Canadian-based stallion, 1970 shot Northern Dancer to the stars. The crop brought phenomenal Nijinsky - the unbeaten two-year-old, the English Triple Crown winner at the age of three and the European Horse of the year of 1970, with a Timeform rating of 138. Nijinsky was also the first of Northern Dancer's sons who proved to be brilliant at stud, siring both numerous classic winners and successful sires - including Green Dancer, Ile de Bourbon, Golden Fleece, Caerleon, Shadeed or Shahrastani. More details are fairly beyond the frame of this article, but Nijinsky is, of course, a hot candidate for one of the next profiles.

The third Horse of the Year title in two years was Canadian, and it belonged to a bay filly Fanfreluche, who was not as dominant as Nijinsky in Europe but still did a hell of a work. As a juvenile, Fanfreluche won both the Natalma Stakes and the Princess Elizabeth Stakes - both times she defeated New Providence daughter South Ocean, who was mated exclusively to Northern Dancer and his sons, producing not only champions Northernette and Storm Bird but also numerous G1 horses in the family. For the record, South Ocean defeated Fanfreluche in the Canadian Oaks, and Mary of Scotland did the same in the Wonder Where Stakes; Fanfreluche was left the only classic triumph in the Bison City Stakes, and to all the bad luck, she got beaten in the Queen's Plate too, this time by classic winner Almoner. But Fanfreluche was certainly the most consistent runner this season, and above all, she added great performances in the United States to her score - including a victory in the Alabama Stakes, the second place finish in the Spinster Stakes behind proven top warrior Taken Aback, and the third place in the Gazelle Handicap behind the CCA Oaks winner Missile Belle. At the end of the season not only she was awarded the well-deserved title of the Canadian Horse of the year, but was also voted the TRA champion three-year-old filly in the United States. Interestingly, Fanfreluche remained the only U.S. champion by Northern Dancer, which is a little-known thing. As great as Fanfreluche was at the track, she performed excellently at stud too, producing the juvenile champion Medaille d'Or, the champion three-year-old filly, older filly and sprinter La Voyageuse, and the champion three-year-old colt and the Horse of the year L'Enjoleur. Her family includes, among others mentioned below, also Australian stallions Flying Spur and Encosta de Lago.

Both Nijinsky and Fanfreluche were inducted into the Canadian Racing Hall of Fame, and so was another colt of this crop, who won two minor starts and 6,000 dollars. Full brother to champion Viceregal, named Vice Regent, became another excellent sire - not only he was the Canadian leading sire thirteen times (!) with several champions and two Horses of the Year among his progeny but he also established a strong branch of the line, with stallions like Deputy Minister, Silver Deputy, Dehere, French Deputy, Awesome Again and Ghostzapper.

1968 crop brought another champion and Horse of the Year in Laurie's Dancer, who not only won two legs of the Canadian Fillies' Triple Crown but also won the Alabama Stakes over another Northern Dancer daughter Alma North, and over former champion Forward Gal, who got defeated from Laurie's Dancer also in the Delaware Oaks. Alma North herself showed admirable durability, as she won or placed in 55 of her 78 starts over five years, with the two-thirds of them in stakes, including many future grade races. Neither of them left any important progeny, but Aladancer did, as mentioned below; the youngest star of her family is Pico Teneriffe, herself the Canadian Broodmare of the Year after producing double champion older male Marchfield.

As for colts from the crop, Nijinsky's full brother Minsky couldn't do any better than the four-place finish in the Two Thousand Guineas, and aside from several good runners in Japan, he left no mark. Grand Chaudiere was only a good juvenile in Great Britain, who was defeated in the Gimcrack Stakes by Mill Reef; after his export to Australia, he became the damsire of the champion and proven G1 sire Snippets, as well as the third sire of Not a Single Doubt. The American flag was held high only by chestnut colt Northfields this season; a half-brother to the British champion miler Habitat, he preferred similar distances, but could only win the Louisiana Derby and the Hawthorne Derby, which was far from his brothers' excellent performances rated by Timeform at 134. However, he was sent to stud in Ireland, and later moved to Coolmore Stud, before leaving for South Africa; he didn't make any shame to excellent damsire Habitat, as his influence includes the names like St. Jovite, Kooyonga, Sulamani, Aldebaran, Spinning World or Serena's Song.

1969 crop had its Canadian star in Nice Dancer, who won the Breeders' Stakes and placed in the Prince of Wales Stakes on the route to the Champion three-year-old colt honors. The Queen's Plate second Barachois and the Muskoka Stakes winner Gay Northerer were another decent Canadian runners, but for this year, the history was made in France. Named after the Ukrainian-born ballet dancer Serge Lifar, Pennsylvania-bred bay colt Lyphard proved to be the top miler, winning the Prix de la Foret over the Irish 2000 Guineas second Martinmas, the Prix Jacques le Marois over the Two Thousand Guineas winner High Top, and got beaten in the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp only by the Sussex Stakes winner Sallust. Standing first at Haras d'Etreham, and later at Gainesway Farm in Kentucky, Lyphard became one of the best sons of Northern Dancer, producing 115 graded stakes winners, including great Dancing Brave and Three Troikas; he established his own branch of the line leading to French sire Linamix, and has influence in horses like Bering, Groom Dancer, Distant View, Animal Kingdom, Deep Impact, Tiznow or Dubawi, to name only a few of them. Nearing the end of his life, Lyphard became famous as one of the longest-lived thoroughbreds ever - he was humanely euthanized in 2005, at the age of 36.

The very last mention in this crop will be Royal Statute, the winning full-sister to Dance Act. She produced no less than four G1 horses, including the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe third Awaasif - the future dam of the Oaks winner Snow Bride, and the granddam of the Derby Stakes winner Lammtarra. The family also includes full siblings Hector Protector and Bosra Sham, and the Derby Stakes winner Pour Moi.

The next two crops were not so strong. 1970 foals would deserve a much different name to be appropriate, as Northern Dancer sired only two G2 placed colts in Champagne Charlie and Northern Fling. 1971 was a little better, as it included Northern Gem, who ran second in the Irish 1000 Guineas to the Irish Oaks second Gaily, and second in the Champion Stakes to Giacometti, who placed in all three Triple Crown races that year. In the Prix Eugene Adam, Northern Gem defeated Northern Taste for the second place - a colt who won the Prix de la Foret G1 and placed in the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp. Northern Taste was sold to Japan, and had a great impact on local breeding, siring not only 92 graded winners, but also numerous G1 winners in further generations, including Stay Gold and Daiwa Major.

1972 crop was led by bay filly Broadway Dancer, who earned the title of the French champion two-year-old filly after winning the Prix Morny G1; in the next season she finished third in the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches behind Ivanjica, eventual winner of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, and behind Nobiliary, the Prix Saint-Alary winner and second from the Epsom Derby behind Grundy. As for the United States, Dancer's Countess won the Matchmaker Stakes G1, while Secretariat's half-brother Somethingfabulous got his best result when third to Foolish Pleasure in the Flamingo Stakes G1, which was pretty much all for the crop. But 1972 crop was also the first of Northern Dancer's grandsons and granddaughters, and history somewhat repeated itself as L'Enjoleur took the Canadian Horse of the Year honors, for two years in a row. The first foal out of Fanfreluche, L'Enjoleur won both the Cup And Saucer Stakes and the Coronation Futurity, among other races, on the way to the two-year-old championship honors; in the next season, he won the first two legs of the Canadian Triple Crown before running third on the grass in the Breeders' Stakes. Together with 5 other stakes victories, L'Enjoleur was voted the champion three-year-old colt again and also another Horse of the Year. His greatest influence at stud is his great-grandson Kitten's Joy.

1973 could be called the crop of forgotten runners. Laissez Passer ran third in the Prince of Wales' Stakes and fourth in the Queen's Plate, while Dance Spell performed on the top level in the United States - as a two-year-old, he placed behind champion Honest Pleasure in both the Champagne Stakes and the Laurel Futurity; he didn't compete in the Triple Crown, but he won the Jerome Handicap over the Futurity Stakes winner Soy Numero Uno, the Jamaica Handicap, where multiple G1 winner of the season Honest Pleasure could only finish fourth, and the Saranac Stakes over then undefeated Zen. He also finished second to Forego in the Woodward Stakes, and third to Honest Pleasure in the Travers Stakes. Dance Spell achieved this all five years before his full sister Discorama was multiple G1 placed, and another fourteen years before he became known only as "half-brother to Go For Wand". Dance Spell had to be euthanized after less than two seasons at stud due to injury from paddock accident.

As for the rest of the crop, Gay Jitterbug performed nicely in lower grade handicaps, but also earned a pair of G2 show efforts, including the Louisiana Derby; but more importantly, the next generation was on the roll. Native Dancer's grey grandson Kirby Lane won the last "male running" of the La Brea Stakes, before defeating Soy Numero Uno for the second place in the Fall Highweight Handicap, and also before winning the Charles H. Strub Stakes G1 and the San Fernando Stakes G2 the next season. General Ironside was one of the top three-year-old stayers in the United Kingdom, as he closed the season with the second place finish in the Irish St. Leger. Speaking of classic glories, Konafa ran second in the One Thousand Guineas to Flying Water - a filly who got injured in her next start, just to return as a four-year-old in the magnificent form, winning the Prix Jacques le Marois over Blushing Groom and the Champion Stakes over Relkino. Konafa's G3 winning daughter Korveya produced three classic winners in Hector Protector, Shanghai and Bosra Sham, while her G2-winning older half-sister Proskona continued family to several classic-placed horses, including Act One and Gharir.

But we're not done yet, as this crop included also Buckpasser's brown son Norcliffe, the second foal out of the Selene Stakes winner Drama School. As a juvenile, Norcliffe won the Coronation Futurity, and run second to the juvenile champion Proud Tobin in the Cup And Saucer Stakes. In his classic season, he won both the Prince of Wales Stakes and the Queen's Plate, before finishing fifth in the Breeders' Stakes. He also won the Achievement Handicap over Viceregal's son Confederation, and the Carling O'Keefe Invitational Handicap - a race with only four runnings, two of them won by Norcliffe and one by L'Enjoleur; Laissez Passer and Giboulee, both sons of Northern Dancer, added a second and a third place, respectively. Norcliffe was voted both the champion three-year-old colt and the Horse of the year in 1976, and after winning - among others - the Canadian Maturity in 1977 and running third to Forego in the Nassau County Handicap at Belmont Park, he was voted also the Canadian champion older male in 1977. For the record, it meant the 19th championship title for Northern Dancer's progeny in only eight years.

1974 was one of the greatest crops after a few weaker ones, but let's start with a bit less-known Giboulee, who was mentioned a few moments ago. Half-brother to Fanfreluche's opponent from the Selene Stakes Theme Song, a French G3-placed colt Malvado, and Viceregal's classic-placed daughter Vee Vee Vee, Giboulee had to wait for his own championship title until the age of four. Despite winning the Carleton Stakes and the Coronation Futurity over Sound Reason at the age of two, four-times stakes winner Sound Reason was clearly better and earned the championship honors this season. As a three-year-old, Giboulee ran second to the subsequent Triple Crown winner Seattle Slew in the Flamingo Stakes, but only won the Plate Trial Stakes at home, while Sound Reason captured the Queen's Plate. But both were overshadowed by another Northern Dancer colt Dance In Time, who only finished third to Sound Reason in the Cup And Saucer Stakes as a juvenile, but in the classic season, he won both the Prince of Wales Stakes and the Breeders Stakes. There's not much more to say about Dance in Time, whose only memorable descendant was Zimbabwean wonder mare Ipi Tombe, the South African Horse of the Year and the G1 winner in Dubai. As for Giboulee, he finally found his spot in the sun in 1978, when he won both the Dominion Day Handicap and the Vigil Handicap and placed in a pair of the U.S. G2 races behind G1-placed True Statement and G2 warrior Big John Taylor, which earned him the title of the champion older male.

The third big Canadian name of the crop was Northernette, a daughter of previously mentioned South Ocean. As a two-year-old, she finished unplaced only once in ten starts and won the first five outings in a row; in hir first stakes appearance, she lost the Princess Elizabeth Stakes to Loudrangle but defeated future excellent broodmare No Class. She then won the Mazarine Stakes over Lady Jinsky, and closed the season with a fourth-place finish in the Demoiselle Stakes, behind the trio of G1 winners Bring Out the Band, Our Mims and Road Princess. It was enough to earn her the honors of the champion two-year-old filly; nevertheless, she performed even better in the next season. She won the Selene Stakes in a stakes record time of 1:43.60 for 1 1/16 miles; in the Canadian Oaks, she romped by a record eleven lengths over Lady Jinsky and the Wonder Where Stakes winner Wasaga. She lost the Bison City Stakes to Fairly Regal, but ran greatly in the Queen's Plate, beaten only half a length by Sound Reason and defeating Giboulee. As well as the previous year, Northernette was sent to compete in the United States - she got beaten in the Test Stakes only by Northern Dancer's double G1-placed daughter Northern Sea, and by proven G2 filly Water Malone in the Firenze Handicap G2. Once again, her performances earned her the championship title for the best three-year-old filly, but with the great irony, it was probably the four-year-old season when she was in her peak form, racing in the top American races. She won the Top Flight Handicap G1 over One Sum, who won or placed in 11 graded races, and then-G2 Apple Blossom Handicap over double G1 winner Taisez Vous and Cum Laude Laurie, who won four G1 races and placed in 5 more. She got beaten in the Black Helen Handicap G2 by Lens Determined - the very same filly who was able to defeat this season's champion Late Bloomer in a three-way photo finish of Suwanee River Stakes, and together with Northernette, she defeated Cum Laude Laurie too. And finally, in the Spinster Stakes, Northernette ran second only to double G1 victress and the CCA Oaks third Tempest Queen, later champion three-year-old filly in the United States, and defeated another G1 winner Likely Exchange. Compared to this year's Canadian champion older female Christy's Mount, who won, from important races, only the Canadian Handicap over Northern Ballerina... it probably says everything.

Northern Ballerina, aside from her second-place finish in the Canadian Handicap, won also the Seaway Stakes; much more important was Northern Sea, who defeated Northernette in the second division of the Test Stakes. Her lifetime form was probably at the age of two when she ran second in the Frizette Stakes and the Selima Stakes, both G1 races and both times behind the eventual champion juvenile filly Sensational. In the Frizette Stakes, she also defeated double G1 winner Mrs. Warren. She didn't have any great form as a three-year-old, being only G2-placed in the Black Eyed Susan Stakes behind G1 winner Small Raja; she also defeated Sensational at the fourth place in the aforementioned Test Stakes. Unlike Northernette, her family produced several G1 horses, including popular gelding General Challenge; more importantly, she produced Southern Halo, who sired international sire star More Than Ready.

But this stellar crop made history also in Europe. Firstly, there was a fiery chestnut named Be My Guest, the son of the U.S. champion filly What a Treat from the successful family of Rare Perfume. Be My Guest was sold for a European record price of 127,000 guineas as a yearling, but he wasn't any mighty racehorse, winning only the Blue Riband Trial over former Dewhurst Stakes G1 placed Saros, and the Crystal Mile over a good miler Don, winner of both the Lockinge Stakes and the St. James's Palace Stakes. Syndicated for £800,000, Be My Guest became one of the foundation sires at Coolmore Stud, and aside from his own 78 stakes winners and good sires in Assert, Most Welcome and Pentire, his daughters produced many stakes winners including former star miler Rock of Gibraltar. Another blue-blooded colt was Marinsky, a half-brother to successful miler Thatch, the Irish Derby second King Pellinore, and the future superstar broodmare Special. Sadly, Marinsky was only able to finish second to Don in the St. James's Palace Stakes before being disqualified from the first to the second place in the July Cup; the same season the colt died of a twisted intestine.

But the truth is that by this time Northern Dancer already had another indisputable star on the British turf, and it was The Minstrel. Three-quarters brother to Nijinsky and also bred by E.P. Taylor, The Minstrel won seven of his nine lifetime starts and placed in the other two. Purchased in Keeneland for $200,000 by Robert Sangster, The Minstrel won his first two outings in Ireland, over six and seven furlongs; he was then sent to Newmarket for the Dewhurst Stakes and won by four lengths over Saros. At the end of the season, he was rated the top two-year-old in Great Britain. As a three-year-old, he won the Ascot 2000 Guineas trial over G3 runner Gairloch; in the Two Thousand Guineas he was defeated by two lengths by the Gimcrack Stakes winner Nebbiolo and the Middle Park Stakes winner Tachypous. In the Irish equivalent, The Minstrel was better than Nebbiolo, but this time he got beaten only by a short head by the National Stakes winner Pampapaul. Stepped up in distance, The Minstrel was made a 5:1 choice for the Epsom Derby, with Blushing Groom a hot 9/4 favourite; The Minstrel had to fight the whole last quarter with Hot Grove, but finally prevailed by a neck, with Blushing Groom five lengths back in third. The Irish Derby was much easier, as he won by a length and a half over Lucky Sovereign and Classic Example - both colts placed behind the subsequent Arc de Triomphe winner Alleged in the Great Voltigeur Stakes, and Classic Example went on to finish third in the St. Leger behind Alleged and winning filly Dunfermline. As for The Minstrel, he continued his career in the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes, with a hard-fought victory over Orange Bay, who won or placed in 12 graded races, 7 of them G1; the third was a rising star Exceller, who already won the Prix Royal-Oak and the Grand Prix de Paris the previous year, but earned much more fame after being sent to the United States, where he defeated two Triple Crown winners - Seattle Slew and Affirmed - in the 1978 running of Jockey Club Gold Cup. By the way, fourth in this race behind The Minstrel, Orange Bay and Exceller finished Crystal Palace, the winner of Prix du Jockey Club. In August, a half-share of The Minstrel was sold back to E.P. Taylor, and after an outbreak of equine metritis and a threat of import restrictions, it was decided not to run him in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, and to bring The Minstrel back to the United States immediately instead. The Minstrel's stud career is often trivialized, but among his progeny, there's a great portion of G1 horses, including such names as Cigar, Gold Ship, Tinners Way, Storm Song, Shirocco, Grey Swallow, Al Kazeem, and above all, important sires Zafonic and Zamindar.

A crop of 1975 brought another European champion, this time a two-year-old: bay colt Try My Best, once more bred by E.P. Taylor and sold to Robert Sangster, although he was a bit "cheaper" than The Minstrel at $185,000. Try My Best was the second colt out of the unraced mare Sex Appeal, who was the first foal out of her dam Best in Show; in the 30 years, the family found itself among the most progressive and successful ones in the thoroughbred business, with horses like El Gran Senor, Domedriver, Aldebaran, Spinning World, Denon, Xaar, Redoute's Choice, Rags to Riches, Peeping Fawn or Effinex, to name only a few big names. But back in 1976, when Try My Best arrived, as well as his predecessors, to Vincent O'Brien's barn, there was only Best in Show's fourth foal Malinowski, who ran second to Wollow in the Dewhurst Stakes. However, it took Try My Best only two graded starts to win the champion two-year-old title in both England and Ireland: the Larkspur Stakes at Leopardstown over Irish Riddle, who had the honor to be beaten by Alleged in the Royal Whip Stakes the next season, and over Niels, who ran third in the National Stakes G2. The British race was the Dewhurst Stakes, this time over the Champagne Stakes winner Sexton Blake. Try My Best went on to win the Vauxhall Trial Stakes over Columbanus, who later finished third to Jaazeiro in the Irish 2000 Guineas. After the race, Sangster syndicated Try My Best for 6 million dollars; the colt finished the last of all in the Two Thousand Guineas, and due to injury, he never returned to the racetrack. As for his stud career, Try My Best is best known for producing excellent sprinter and great sire Last Tycoon, as well as for the sireline Waajib - Royal Applause - Acclamation, which continues already to Dark Angel.

Among Try My Best, Northern Dancer had also a good American runner in a three-year-old filly White Star Line, who won the Kentucky Oaks and two more G1 races, including the Alabama Stakes over the champion three-year-old filly Tempest Queen; she got also beaten by her in the Acorn Stakes G1. White Star Line also became a good producer, future granddam of the One Thousand Guineas runner-up Snowfire and the Irish Oaks third Valley of Gold, and also the fourth dam of the German Derby winner Dai Jin. But the real ladies' power grew up in Canada, and this time it was Northern Dancer's granddaughters.

The one really little-known was L'Alezane, a flaxen chestnut, whose name means "the blonde" in French. She was a daughter of Dr. Fager, out of Northern Willow, who earned the whole 140 dollars in four starts; some of her progeny didn't do any better, with the exception of a stakes-placed colt May Combination. But Northern Willow herself was a half-sister to Victorian Prince, who competed on the top level for six seasons, and was both the U.S. G2 winner, and also the Canadian champion older male in 1976. Moreover, their dam was a half-sister to classic-placed colt Censor. As for L'Alezane, she had a wonderful two-year-old season, winning not only the Winnipeg Futurity and the Princess Elizabeth Stakes; she also competed in the United States, where she won the Alcibiades Stakes, the Adirondack Stakes, and the Schuylerville Stakes. She lost the Natalma Stakes at Woodbine to Pottahawk on soft turf - the winning time was 2:05 for 8.5 furlongs, and it's no need to say this time would be unusually bad even for a mile and a quarter. For the record, L'Alezane won the Princess Elizabeth Stakes at the same distance in almost 20 seconds faster time. Her second defeat came late in the season in the Selima Stakes G1 by Lakeville Miss - a filly whom L'Alezane defeated earlier in the Schuylerville Stakes. It's worth saying that Lakeville Miss was voted the champion two-year-old filly in the United States; L'Alezane got this honor in Canada, in addition to the Horse of the Year title in 1977, when none of the three-year-olds, which means Sound Reason, Dance in Time and Giboulee, deserved them more. L'Alezane won the Selene Stakes G1 as a three-year-old, and finished third in the Queen's Plate behind Regal Embrace and the champion three-year-old colt and subsequent Horse of the Year Overskate, but that was not enough compared to another Northern Dancer granddaughter, who directly defeated her in the: Woodbine Oaks: her name was La Voyageuse.

As a two-year-old, La Voyageuse could only finish second in the City of Miami Handicap; at the age of three, she lost the Duchess Stakes to Flower Princess, but won two legs of the Triple Tiara in the Woodbine Oaks over L'Alezane, and the Bison City Stakes over Lady Lonsdale, who was the successful U.S. G3 runner. As the Wonder Where Stakes winner No Politics wasn't able to win any other important race, and she defeated only Panne Velvet, the very same filly La Voyageuse beaten twice in the season, the Northern Dancer filly was voted the Champion three-year-old filly of 1978. However, La Voyageuse, who entered her four-year-old season, was much more of a monster: she won both the inaugural running of the Ontario Matron Handicap and the Ontario Fashion Handicap, the George C. Hendrie Handicap and the Miss Tropical Handicap, mostly over proven rivals. She was also beaten several times - twice by a sprint specialist Royal North over 6 and 7 furlongs in the Whimsical Stakes and the Seaway Stakes; in the latter, Royal North needed an equaled track record for Woodbine and a new stakes record to defeat La Voyageuse by a nose. Another defeat was in the Canadian Handicap by the U.S. G2 winner Amerigirl, and finally, the Belle Mahone Stakes, which were won by Glorious Song, the future multiple G1 winner in the United States and also the future Canadian champion and the filly, who was able to compete with such horses as Spectacular Bid or Overskate. No shame for these four defeats at all, and La Voyageuse was again voted the champion older mare of the 1980 season. It's worth saying that this honor went to Glorious Song the next season, together with the Horse of the Year title; La Voyageuse won at least the title of the Canadian champion sprinter, despite following the pretty much same pathway as the previous year. She won back to back runnings of the Ontario Fashion and Matron Handicaps, as well as the George C. Hendrie Handicap over 6.5 furlongs and the Miss Tropical Handicap over 6 furlongs; she added the Seaway Stakes over old rivals Don't Be Shy and Victorian Saga, and also the Nearctic Stakes over 7 furlongs. As for one-mile starts, not only she won the Ontario Matron, but also the Canadian Stakes; she was disqualified in the Coral Gables Handicap, and in her sole U.S. try, she ran third to the champion grass mare Just a Game in the Suwanee River Handicap. La Voyageuse ended her career with 56 starts, 26 victories, 10 places and 7 shows in the 1981 inaugural running of the First Lady Handicap, where she finished second to a G1-placed filly Island Charm. However, La Voyageuse didn't follow her dam's footsteps, and her best foal was a G1-placed Time Bandit; she's also the second dam of a G2 winner Bint Allayl, and her full brother Kheleyf, who sired several G1 horses. By the way, as for L'Alezane: her fate was much more tragic, as the filly broke down at the age of four, and had to be humanely destroyed.

At least one more horse from the crop deserves a brief mention. It's another Northern Dancer's granddaughter Sharp Belle, defeated by L'Alezane for the second place in the Jasmine Stakes 1978, and a winner of the G1 Monmouth Oaks the same year. She went on to produce eight winners, but more importantly, she's the third dam of the champion two-year-old, the Preakness Stakes winner and the champion three-year-old colt Lookin At Lucky, as well as the fourth dam of the champion three-year-old filly Wait a While. Her half-sister Sue Babe is mentioned further in this article; another half-sister Babe's Sis is the granddam of the Ramona Handicap G1 winner Caffe Latte, and another sister Sleek Belle is the third dam of the Yushun Himba winner Chokai Carol. These family members were too far to include them in the list of best progeny, but they surely deserve to be mentioned here.

There was no particular star in 1976 crop, but several horses were interesting. One of them was Dancing Doris, a half-sister to future New Zealand sire One Pound Sterling. She placed in the Mazarine BC Handicap G1 behind future the Selene Stakes and the Bison City Stakes winner Come Lucky Chance; in the next season, she finished third to Glorious Song in the Maple Leaf Stakes. Dancing Doris produced not only the Prince of Wales Stakes winner Val Dansant but also a chestnut filly Term Limits, who was voted the champion two-year-old filly after her victories in both the Mazarine Stakes and the Princess Elizabeth Stakes, and only a tight loss in the Natalma Stakes.

Much better racehorse, however, was Feu d'Artifice, who was unlucky to be in the same crop as champions Kamar and Glorious Song. She lost both the Muskoka Stakes and the Princess Elizabeth Stakes at two, and the Woodbine Oaks at three to the former one, and the Ontario Damsel Stakes and the Wonder Where Stakes to the latter; she defeated Kamar in the second division of the Ontario Colleen Handicap - and got beaten from both of them in the Duchess Stakes. Unlike both of her rivals, who became great producers, Feu d'Artifice didn't leave anything important.

Bay filly Salpinx, whose three-quartes brother L'Emigrant by The Minstrel became a champion miler in France a few years later, found herself in astonishingly same position in France, having invincible rivals in Pitasia and Three Troikas. Pitskelly daughter Pitasia never won any championship title, but aside winning the Prix Marcel Boussac G1 at two, she had the honor to defeat the great Irish River in the Prix Robert Papin, and to run second behind him in the Prix Morny. As a three-year-old, in 1979, she won the Prix de la Nonette G3 and the Prix de Malleret G2 - both times over Salpinx and Producer, and twice placed behind the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Three Troikas - in the Prix Vermeille G1 and the Prix Saint-Alary G1, once beating Salpinx and once beaten by her for second. No need to say Three Troikas went on to win the Horse of the Year honors for 1979. Salpinx was clearly no match for them, but this time she was arguably the best broodmare of them, producing a classic-placed colt Synefos, a G1-placed juvenile Zalazl, and she also became the granddam of a G2-winning filly Sahara Slew.

For the record, there WAS a one Northern Dancer offspring, who beat famous Three Troikas. Although it was a year later, not in her championship season. It was a bay colt named Northern Baby, out of the Nettie Handicap G1 winner Two Rings and future half-brother to the Canadian champion two-year-old Bayford. Northern Baby was sold to France, where he showed a promising form as a two-year-old, but being a member of the same crop as Three Troikas and Troy, he had a really tough go. As a three-year-old, he won a pair of G3 races in France and was beaten in another by a former classic-placed colt Rusticaro, and also by great Trillion. He had much bigger success in England, as he ran third as a 66/1 outsider to both Troy and Dickens Hill in the Derby Stakes - which was, by the way, the very same pair which reigned the Irish Derby a few weeks later. Dickens Hill was a better horse also in the Eclipse Stakes, where Northern Baby finished third; another big race for Northern Baby was the Prix de l'Arc the Triomphe, where, this time as 90/1 outsider, he finished a respectable sixth behind Three Troikas, Le Marmot, Troy, Pevero, and Trillion. Northern Baby finally hit his big success in the Champion Stakes G1, defeating a pair of G2 horses Town and Country and Haul Knight; much highly regarded rivals Ela-Mana-Mou, Producer, and Lyphard's Wish finished unplaced. As a four-year-old, Northern Baby finished third behind Le Marmot and Three Troikas in the Prix Ganay; two months later he met the filly again and defeated her by three and a half lengths in the Prix Dollar. In the Prix d'Ispahan, he was used as a pacesetter for his stablemate Nadjar and finished fourth behind him, Foveros and the Poule d'Essai des Poulains winner In Fijar. He then finished unplaced in the Benson And Hedges Gold Cup and fifth in the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp. In his last race, Northern Baby finished third in the G3 Prix du Prince d'Orange behind the Prix de Diane winner Dunette and Three Troikas. Northern Baby's best Timeform rating was 127 at the age of three; at stud, he is best-known for siring the St. Leger Stakes winner Michelozzo. He was another long-lived son of Northern Dancer, as he died at the age of 31.

One of the horses, who defeated Northern Baby in France, was a bay colt Fabulous Dancer. A double G3 winner, he finished second to Le Marmot in the Prix Niel and third to the Hardwicke Stakes winner Scorpio in the Gran Premio del Jockey Club Italiano G1. Fabulous Dancer produced several good horses, including Japanese champion filly Fabulous La Fouine, but his biggest influence is his grandson Chichicastenango, winner of the Grand Prix de Paris and second in the Prix du Jockey Club, who sired classic winners Vision d'Etat and Saonois. Also, Fabulous Dancer was the third sire to grey milers' sensation of 2015 Solow.

The very last mention from this crop belongs to Medaille d'Or, a chestnut son of Fanfreluche, who well resembled his sire Secretariat. Unlike his half-sister La Voyageuse, Medaille d'Or was far the best at the age of two, winning both the Coronation Futurity and the Cup And Saucer Stakes; he was disqualified to second place in the latter. Aside from these victories, he ran second in the Clarendon Stakes and the Winnipeg Futurity, and third in the Summer Stakes and Colin Stakes - performances which were good enough to vote him the Canadian champion two-year-old colt in 1978. However, Medaille d'Or never won another stakes race; as a sire, he produced stallion Tour d'Or and also is a damsire of double G1 winner and sire Afternoon Deelites.

A 1977 crop brought two superstars nobody expected. The first one was the first son out of broodmare Special, a half-sister to unlucky Marinsky. A bay colt named Nureyev, who was bought as a yearling by Stavros Niarchos for a then-gigantic price of 1.3 million dollars, and was sent to France to trainer Francois Boutin. As a racehorse, Nureyev had one of the shortest careers ever, as he made only three starts. In the first one, he outclassed his rivals in the G3 Prix Thomas Bryon, winning by six lengths; he followed the next spring with a victory in the Prix Djebel. He was sent to England for the Two Thousand Guineas, where he got to the lead three furlongs from home and kept the lead despite the attack of Known Fact. But he was, as the first horse ever, disqualified from the first place after interfering with several runners when going through the field. Nureyev was then scheduled to run in the Derby, but he acquired a virus and never raced again. Nureyev entered stud at Haras de Fresnay, but in 1981, he was purchased by American syndicate for 14 million and sent to stand at Walmac Farm in Kentucky. Being only a G3 winner and just maybe a good miler, Nureyev as a sire literally made history with names like Miesque and her son Kingmambo, Theatrical, Soviet Star, Polar Falcon, Spinning World or Peintre Celebre, and grandsons Zabeel, Northern Afleet or Pivotal, among many others.

If Nureyev was a lucky pick for a stallion, then the next colt was a pure miracle. A bay colt from not any strong family of the Oaks Stakes winner Steady Aim, with his broodmare sire a tough racehorse, but only a moderate stallion Admiral's Voyage, got the name Danzig. He was sold for $310,000 as a yearling to Henryk de Kwiatkowski and was sent to Woody Stephens. However, just like Nureyev, Danzig ran only three times before being forced into retirement due to knee problems; and just like Nureyev, he proved to be a real superstar. Standing at Claiborne Farm, Danzig made a huge influence on the worldwide breeding thanks to successful sons Chief's Crown, Green Desert, Polish Navy, Polish Precedent and Anabaa - and most of all, thanks to the mighty Danehill. Danzig's grandsons include Grand Lodge, Cape Cross, Invincible Spirit, Oasis Dream, Danehill Dancer, Dansili, Rock of Gibraltar, Distorted Humor, Volksraad, Danzero, Flying Spur, Danetime, Commands, Redoute's Choice, Exceed And Excell or Fastnet Rock; not to mention many, many "only" successful stallions. It's also worth mentioning that the superstar Frankel is a maternal grandson of Danehill. For the two stallions with six career starts combined and only one G3 victory - their breeding success is simply unbelievable.

There's not really much to talk about with the rest of the crop. A bay colt Magesterial, impressively looking son of Glowing Tribute's half-sister Courting Days, could only win the G2 Blandford Stakes, and run second between the future Irish St. Leger second Erin's Isle and the Irish 2000 Guineas winner King's Lake in the G2 Ballymoss Stakes. Magesterial produced several G1 horses, most notably is the damsire of Smoke Glacken, but he was absolutely no match for the previous two stallions. And as for both the second generation and "home area", bay filly Leading Witness was far the best, placed in both the Mazarine Stakes and the Natalma Stakes at two and won the Wonder Where Stakes at the age of three. However, the best horse from her family was Remington Park stakes winner J.J.'s Indy.

A 1978 crop fired in Europe. Thoroly Blue, a filly from the family of Whirlaway and future third dam of French classic winner Ta Rib, produced brown colt named Cresta Rider, who was a G2-winning juvenile in France, and at the age of 3, he won the Prix Jean Prat over G1 placed Dunphy, and ran third in both the Poule d'Essai des Poulains and the Prix d'Ispahan. He was rather unsuccessful sire, leaving only a granddaughter Brilliance, who won the Prix Saint-Alary and was twice classic-placed, and also grandson Flat Out, who was the top U.S. handicap horse for three years and a double Jockey Club Gold Cup winner. Also Dance Bid was classic-placed; he was defeated twice by a year older Magesterial, in both the Blandford Stakes G2 and the Curragh International Stakes G2. Dance Bid's best moment came in the Irish Derby, where he finished distanced, but still third behind the great Shergar. However, his stud career was even worse than that of a Cresta Rider.

But this was not the case of Storm Bird. A royally-bred bay colt was a full brother to the champion filly Northernette, and also three-quarters brother to Ocean's Answer, a daughter of Northern Answer - she won the Natalma Stakes at the age of two and ran third behind Kamar and Feu d'Artifice in the Muskoka Stakes; a year later, she placed in the Ontario Colleen Stakes, the Ontario Damsel Stakes and the La Prevoyante Stakes. It was no surprise that Storm Bird commanded the price of $1,000,000 at Keeneland July sale, and being bought by Robert Sangster, he was sent to Vincent O'Brien as usual. Storm Bird showed his brilliance from the first start, winning his maiden by six lengths; he won the Anglesey Stakes by only half a length over Prince Echo but went on to win the Champagne Stakes in England. Again moved up in the class, Storm Bird started as a 2/5 favorite in the National Stakes and swept away his not so strong opponents by four lengths. He won the Larkspur Stakes by four lengths despite being eased and was sent to compete with top British juveniles in the Dewhurst Stakes. He had no rival there, except the future classic winner and top miler To-Agori-Mou, who was able to accept Storm Bird's acceleration and was beaten only by half a length, as they drew clear of the field, which included third Miswaki, a previous winner of the Prix de la Salamandre. Storm Bird was assigned 134 pounds by Timeform, which made him the best two-year-old in Europe. However, his three-year-old season was completely marred firstly by a hind leg injury, and then by respiratory problems, which ruled him out of both spring classics and the summer season. He finally appeared in the Prix du Prince d'Orange in September, beaten heavily in the seventh place from nine runners. Storm Bird was retired to stand at Ashford Stud, which was bought by John Magnier and his partners two years later, and proved to be a great sire. From his runners, he's best remembered for Indian Skimmer - the Prix de Diane winner over great Miesque and a G1 winner in three seasons on the racetrack; another top runner was the double classic-winning filly Balanchine, or the top U.S. colt Summer Squall, the future sire of double classic winner Charismatic. Storm Bird is also the damsire of Thunder Gulch and Medicean, the third sire of Snitzel, and far above all - sire of both the champion sire and the champion broodmare sire Storm Cat, who established another big branch of Northern Dancer's line.

Interesting things were happening also in the United States, mostly thanks to Discorama - a younger sister to Dance Spell, and future older sister to Go For Wand. Discorama, who won or placed in a half of her 17 starts, grew up to be a very good three-year-old, when she won the Gazelle Handicap over Secrettame, and ran third in the Test Stakes behind the tough warrior Cherokee Frolic - a filly who won or placed in more than 20 stakes races. Discorama also ran second in the Ladies Handicap G1 behind similarly indestructible filly Jameela, who raced until the age of six and won or placed in 14 graded races; her third-place finishes included the Alabama Stakes G1 behind Prismatical, and the Top Flight Handicap G1 behind Andover Way. For the record, all the fillies became great dams - Secrettame and Jameela produced Mr. Prospector's sons Gone West and Gulch, respectively, and Andover Way became the dam of Dynaformer; Cherokee Frolic produced ten winners and had a millionaire grandson. Discorama died at the age of ten and from her three winning daughters, no-one had any big success.

A bit worse race record, but maybe better filly, that was Real Prize, a granddaughter of Northern Dancer by Torsion, from the family of Nothirdchance. While Discorama ran against good fillies, Real Prize was one of the archrivals of the champion three-year-old filly Wayward Lass, together with the juvenile champion filly from the previous year Heavenly Cause. Real Prize got beaten from Wayward Lass in the Searching Stakes and the Ruthless Stakes G3; in the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes G2, both were defeated by Dame Mysterieuse. Heavenly Cause, on the other hand, won both the Fantasy Stakes and the Kentucky Oaks over Wayward Lass; she got beaten by her in the Mother Goose Stakes. Real Prize defeated Wayward Lass only in the Level Best Stakes, and you will only seldom hear the fact that she defeated both Wayward Lass and Heavenly Cause in the Coaching Club American Oaks - but was disqualified and placed second, and the race was given to Wayward Lass. Like Discorama, Real Prize didn't leave any major progeny neither, but her son Hidden Prize by Mr. Prospector was sent to Argentina, where he sired several good horses, including the champion filly Feet of Clay.

Northern Dancer was able to get also good broodmares from this crop - just other ones than top racers. One of them was Dance Review, a three-quarters sister to Lyphard, who won or placed in 7 of 16 starts. She produced G1 winners No Review and Another Review, and had five other G2 or better horses in the family. The second good mother was Northern Dancer's granddaughter Sue Babe, already mentioned as a half-sister to Sharp Belle. Sue Babe defeated Cherokee Frolic for the second place in the Sorority Stakes at the age of two; her best son Sir Harry Lewis was in the best form at three, when he won the Irish Derby and ran third in both the International Stakes behind Triptych and Danzig's son Ascot Knight, and in the Rothmans International at Woodbine, this time behind former French G2 winner and talented U.S. turf runner River Memories, who finished second to Theatrical in the Turf Classic Invitational Stakes the same year. For the record, Sir Harry Lewis was a damsire of Breeders' Cup Classic winner Volponi. His three years younger brother was named Sir Richard Lewis, and was able to finish second to Summer Squall in the Hopeful Stakes and third to Rhythm in the Travers Stakes.

Let's stay with fillies for a while, because that is what a 1979 crop was all about. Let's start with Dance Number, a daughter of the champion two-year-old filly Numbered Account and half-sister to Private Account; she was born at the time when Private Account was only a good three-year-old and the future winner of not exactly the top handicaps at the age of four, not the excellent sire we all know. Dance Number's greatest success was a narrow victory in the Beldame Stakes over the future champion three-year-old filly Heartlight No. One; she lost another G1 race, the Spinster Stakes, by a neck to multiple G1-placed Try Something New. Dance Number also ran third in the Top Flight Handicap and won the Shuvee Handicap over Nijinsky's daughter Number, three-quarters sister to Nureyev. Dance Number also set or equaled three records - in the High Voltage Stakes at the age of three, she equaled the track record for Aqueduct - 1:15 flat for six and a half furlongs. At the age of four, in the Shuvee Handicap, she equaled the track record for Saratoga - 1:40.40 for 1 1/16 mile, but the most important one came in the Beldame Handicap, where she set a new stakes record for Belmont Park with the time 2:00.60 over 1 1/4 mile. It says more than enough about Dance Number's abilities, and it's no surprise she excelled as a broodmare. Besides producing the G1 winner and champion juvenile Rhythm and stallion Not For Love, best known as a damsire of California Chrome, she's also the granddam of the Metropolitan Handicap third Accelerator and the Vosburgh Stakes winner Girolamo, and also the third dam of the Ogden Phipps Handicap third Sea Chanter, the Hopeful Stakes second Settlement, the Suburban Handicap winner Frost Giant, the Kentucky Derby winner Super Saver, the Haskell Invitational Handicap winner and the Kentucky Derby second Bluegrass Cat, the Man o'War Stakes winner Imagining and the Spinster Stakes winner Got Lucky. A hell of a record for one mare.

Larida, a chestnut filly out of Kittiwake, who produced multiple G1-winning filly Miss Oceana two years later, was a good filly too, as she won or placed in 17 of 19 starts, including a victory in the second division of the Orchid Handicap. She also finished second to a double G1 winner Snow Plow in the Demoiselle Stakes and third and second to champions Before Dawn and Christmas Past in less important races. Larida produced a dark bay filly Magic of Life, who defeated double classic winner Ravinella in the Coronation Stakes 1988; she's also the dam of Japanese G1-placed colt Brave Tender. Her family continues to the Yushun Himba second Chunyi, and to globetrotter Joshua Tree, who won three editions of the Canadian International and finished second in the fourth one.

Another filly Rose Red hailed from the good European family of Nica, which includes Cambremont, Bon Mot, and Tennyson, among others; Rose Red's mother Cambrienne was a three-quarters sister to the classic winner Cambremont himself. Rose Red was a minor winner, but she proved to be a valuable producer in the family. Her best foal was a G1-placed two-year-old Zind, who ran third to another Northern Dancer grandson Armiger in the Racing Post Trophy; her daughter Summerosa produced a G1-placed juvenile Summerland and became the granddam of Galileo's classic-placed son Fields of Athenry. But the much better dam was Alleged's daughter Rose of Jericho - mostly known as a dam of the Epsom Derby winner and the champion three-year-old colt Dr. Devious; she also produced multiple G1 sires Archway and Shinko King, who was Japanese G1 winner by himself. Rose of Jericho's daughters are responsible for the Epsom Oaks winner Dancing Rain, the Moyglare Stud Stakes winner and the One Thousand Guineas third Maybe, Japanese G1 winner Suzuka Phoenix, the New Zealand 1000 Guineas third Awesome Planet or the French double G1-placed juvenile filly Promise To Be True.

The third Derby winner, who had roots in this crop, was beautifully-built chestnut colt named Lammtarra, the winner of the Epsom Derby in 1995. His granddam was powerful bay filly Awaasif, a daughter of Royal Statute, and a half-sister to Korveya's dam Konafa, a G1-placed colt Akureyri and filly Royal Lorna, herself one of the best fillies of her generation. Awaasif finished fourth in the Oaks Stakes, but missed the Irish Oaks due to mastitis; she returned for the Yorkshire Oaks, where she defeated the Irish Oaks winner Swiftfoot by a neck. She then finished seventh in the Prix Vermeille, but returned in fantastic form for the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, where she finished third, just head and half a length behind Akiyda and veteran Ardross. Despite her fifth-place finish in the Washington D.C. International, she was rated the third best three-year-old filly in the Europe behind Akiyda and Time Charter with her Timeform rating 130, and the best three-year-old in the United Kingdom according to International Classification. As a four-year-old, Awaasif placed fourth in both the Hardwicke Stakes the and King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes; she never threatened in this year's Arc but won the Gran Premio del Jockey Club in Italy in the spectacular fashion two weeks later. After another American start, where she ran last of all with a fever, Awaaasif was retired, but still was rated the third-best older filly in Great Britain. Awaasif wasn't exactly a great mother - she produced four unraced foals and three others unable to win but this was long after her second foal, a chestnut filly Snow Bride by Blushing Groom, won the Epsom Oaks over the Yorkshire Oaks winner and the St. Leger third Roseate Tern. Snow Bride was also Awaasif's best daughter at stud, producing not only the Derby Stakes, the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner and the undeniable champion three-year-old colt Lammtarra, but also G2-placed colt Qais, a G3-winning filly Saytarra, and several other stakes winners. Her daughter Abhisheka was only stakes-placed, but her son Aesop's Fables won the Prix Jean Prat G1.

Awaasif wasn't the only top filly in the crop. Another one was Northern Dancer's daughter Woodstream, a half-sister to the Irish 2000 Guineas winner and top miler Jaazeiro, who was born four years earlier, and a granddaughter of Miss Nasrullah, who was a half-sister to Prince John. As a two-year-old, Woodstream was awarded a victory in the Moyglare Stud Stakes after disqualification of Sweet Side, who hampered both her and the third-place finisher; in her next start, she won the Cheveley Park Stakes over the future Guineas winner On The House, which brought her the title of the best Irish two-year-old filly. She wasn't fit for the One Thousand Guineas, but met its winner On the House in the Irish 1000 Guineas, and defeated her again for second by a short head; the winner was Prince's Polly, a filly whom Woodstream beat as a two-year-old. She sweated before the Coronation Stakes and fought her jockey before finishing lackluster seventh of eight runners; after that, she never raced again. She left sixteen foals, but the only one, who was able to win more than once, was a non-stakes winner Teio Monana by Timber Country.

At least a brief mention about Canadian season has its place here too, and there's no surprise the best were also fillies. Snowy Dancer, sired by Snow Knight just like Awaasif, ran third behind future double classic winner and the champion three-year-old filly Avowal in the second division of the Ontario Colleen Stakes; later she added a second-place finish in the Canadian Handicap behind County Meath, a filly who ran second to the champion Northern Blossom in the Ontario Colleen Stakes. Alofje ran second in both the Ontario Debutante Stakes and the Ontario Damsel Stakes, and third in the Muskoka Stakes behind the champion two-year-old filly Choral Group. Unfortunately, no-one of them left any important foal, as well as Maniches, whose dam was a half-sister to G2 and G1 winners Ponte Vecchio and Crusading. Maniches ran 40 times and won or placed in 13 starts, almost all stakes; her best effort was a second-place finish behind good filly Milingo in the Arlington-Washington Lassie Stakes. However, Maniches is the third dam of a G1-placed juvenile of 2016 Dangerfield.

Fanfreluche's G2-winning son D'Accord, who won a half of his ten starts and placed in other three, as pure curiosity, aside, 1979 was interesting in one more thing: it was the first crop of Northern Dancer's great-grandsons and great-granddaughters. The very first one who made some noise was Earthquack, a grandson of winning Northern Dancer mare Dorothy Glynn; he finished third in the Longacres Mile 1983 behind the champion sprinter Chinook Pass.

A 1980 crop was maybe not one of the best, but certainly one of the biggest, as far as top graded successes are considered, and this time it was Ireland, which was hit by the storm. The first of its heroes was Shareef Dancer, a blue-blooded colt bought by Sheikh Maktoum al Maktoum for 3.3 million dollars. Who knows where his price would be with foreseeing into the 20th century - in the early 1980s, he was only the grandson of excellent broodmare sire Sir Ivor, and with the third sire Tom Fool; his dam Sweet Alliance ran third behind the second best filly of the crop Cum Laude Laurie in the Delaware Oaks, and also defeated champion Our Mims in the Kentucky Oaks, in the last year when this race had only G2 status before its upgrading. Funny fact is that the third-place finisher in the race was Mrs. Warren, whose third dam Legendra was the granddam of Sweet Alliance. The very same Legendra, who will become the third dam of a G1 winner Mizzen Mast at the beginning of the 21st century, and the fifth dam of a G1 winner Balance and the legendary filly Zenyatta a few years later... But in 1983, Shareef Dancer was the first foal out of Sweet Alliance. He ran five times and won three of them, including the King Edward VII. Stakes G2 over the Welsh Derby winner Russian Roubles - and went directly on to win the Irish Derby over the French Derby winner Caerleon and the Epsom Derby hero Teenoso. Shareef Dancer was rated 135 pounds by Timeform, three more than Teenoso, and became syndicated for a then-record price of 40 million dollars. However, despite leaving some successful horses, he was far from being a dominant Northern Dancer son like Nijinsky or Lyphard. His granddaughter Harayir won the One Thousand Guineas, as well as did Sky Lantern almost 20 years later, and Shantou won the St. Leger; much more importantly, Shareef Dancer was the damsire of a phenomenon of the year 1999 and the Dubai World Cup 2000 winner Dubai Millennium, whose son Dubawi possesses exactly that type of sire dominance that Shareef Dancer was missing.

The story of a bay colt named Lomond was actually quite similar. Born six years after his half-brother Seattle Slew, the Triple Crown-winning legend and champion, Lomond was sold "only" for $1.5 million to Robert Sangster. Lomond ran seven times; as a two-year-old, he ran third behind Glenstal in the National Stakes G2. At the age of three Lomond won the Gladness Stakes over seven furlongs, and went on to win the Two Thousand Guineas over Lyphard's grandson Tolomeo, who later placed in the Sussex Stakes, the Eclipse Stakes, the Benson And Hedges Gold Cup and the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes. Lomond was able to add one more success before his retirement - this time a second-place finish in the Irish 2000 Guineas behind a good miler Wassl, who ran third in both the Sussex Stakes and the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp. Wassl's rivals were Tolomeo, the Poule d'Essai des Poulains victor L'Emigrant, or filly Luth Enchantee, who defeated L'Emigrant twice this season and closed the year with a third-place finish in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe behind All Along. Despite his proven quality, Lomond's career was probably cut too short too. As for his stud record, he sired Marling, who won the Irish 1000 Guineas and defeated boys in the Sussex Stakes; more importantly, Lomond is the damsire of successful British sire Inchinor and Australian star Exceed And Excel.

The third Irish boy was Danzatore, who was voted Ireland's champion two-year-old colt after winning the Futurity Stakes and the Beresford Stakes. There's not much more to say about him, except the fact he was sent directly to stand at stud in New Zealand, where he didn't make any wonders. Just as a curiosity, Danzatore shared the same granddam with another colt of the crop, Crystal Glitters - who ran second in the French Guineas to L'Emigrant, and later became a double G1 winner. Another strong connection was between Glenstal and Salmon Leap, three-quarter brothers trained by Vincent O'Brien. While Glenstal's best result was the defeat of Lomond in the National Stakes Salmon Leap was better as a three-year-old, winning several G3 races; later he ran second to the future top miler Teleprompter in the Pacemaker International Stakes. Neither of these three was any success at stud, and so wasn't the first lady of the crop Magdalena, a daughter of Caro's double classic-winning daughter Madelia. Magdalena ran third to the future great mother Flame of Tara in the Coronation Stakes, but she was mated to sires like Spectacular Bid or Spend a Buck, who were not exactly a great choice for a sire; later she ended up in Japan, with her German great-granddaughter Molly Dancer, a dam of the German Guineas-placed Molly Max, as the only hope of the family.

Now it's a good time to jump into the United States, where Spit Curl won the Alabama Stakes and placed in the CCA Oaks. She produced several winners, but the best was her grandson Hiraboku Royal, who won a trial for Japan Derby. A much more successful dam was Sulemeif, a daughter of the Ashland Stakes winner Barely Even, who was the rival of champions Numbered Account, Susan's Girl or Chou Croute. Sulemeif herself was only a stakes-placed at two in France, and after her return to the United States, she could only run third in the Orchid Handicap. But at stud she proved to be the best dam of her crop, producing not only the Kentucky Oaks second Withallprobability but she also became the granddam of three G1 winners out of three different mares, including the Yushun Himba winners Still in Love and Robe Decollete, and a young sire Gemologist. For the record, Sulemeif's son Kyowa Alysheba was a G3-placed in Japan, and from only a handful of foals, he's the damsire of the Kikuka Sho third and the Arima Kinen winner Golden Actor.

As for colts, Hero's Honor was the first foal out of G2 winner Glowing Tribute; it took 15 more years until he became known as a full brother to Wild Applause, and half-brother to the Kentucky Derby winner Sea Hero. Hero's Honor won the Bowling Green Handicap over Nassipour and the United Nations Handicap over Cozzene, in the year when Cozzene ran third in the Breeders' Cup Mile to Royal Heroine. Hero's Honor didn't have much success at stud, but his G3-winning grandson Elusive Quality, who ran the new world record 1:31.63 for one mile in the Poker Handicap, became a very good sire in the new century. Eskimo, who ran third to Hero's Honor in the Red Smith Handicap, didn't do any better, as his only G1 descendant was a great-grandson Prayer For Relief; but luckily, this crop also had Dixieland Band. No more successful than Eskimo on the racetrack, he won only the Pennsylvania Derby by a neck and the Massachusetts Handicap, both G2 races; it's needed to say he also lost the Federico Tesio Stakes only to the Preakness Stakes and the Haskell Invitational winner Deputed Testamony, and that he defeated both him and Caveat in the Maryland Juvenile Championship Stakes. But the bay son of five times G1-placed filly Mississippi Mud was finally the awaited stallion star of the crop, although in the way a few people could expect from the son of Northern Dancer: mostly as a damsire. He sired a successful sire in Dixie Union, and also the Prix de Diane winner Egyptband, but much more importantly, he became the damsire of the Kentucky Derby winners Monarchos and Street Sense, as well as G1 winners First Samurai, Society Selection, Bandini, Southern Image, the Melbourne Cup winner Delta Blues and unlucky filly Eight Belles. He's also the third sire of the Kentucky Oaks and the CCA Oaks winner Princess of Sylmar, and G1 winners Majestic Warrior and Uncle Mo. Dixieland Band's sons had, for the most of the part, little success at stud, but still they were able to sire horses like Xtra Heat, Union Rags or Groupie Doll. Dixieland Band's last crop was born in 2009, so we can expect that this already impressive list will grow even longer.

1980 crop was successful also for Northern Dancer's daughters. Eillo, the winner of the inaugural Breeders' Cup Sprint and the champion sprinter, probably remains the most famous one; A Phenomenon was another good colt, winning the Vosburgh Stakes and placed in both the Metropolitan Handicap and the Carter Handicap. Valuable Witness ran third in the Prix Royal-Oak in France, but overall, far the most successful were the Canadians. Halo Reply, a granddaughter of Teddy Wrack filly Reply, a great-granddam of Fanfreluche, was a good two-year-old filly, winner of the Muskoka Stakes and second in the Princess Elizabeth Stakes; as a three-year-old, she ran third in the Wonder Where Stakes behind Northern Blossom, who was the real queen of the season. Closely related to both Victoria Park and Viceregal, she won the second division of the Ontario Colleen Stakes at two; at three, she won both the Bison City Stakes and the Wonder Where Stakes, which earned her the title of the champion three-year-old filly. At the age of four, she added the Nassau Stakes G2 over Baldski's Holiday, a proven older mare; she was defeated by her in the second division of the Canadian Stakes, and also lost the Maple Leaf Stakes, this time to the champion older mare Sintrillium. And finally, the last classic horse of this crop for Northern Dancer was Val du Nord by Val de l'Orne, second in the Breeders' Stakes behind Kingsbridge.

A Crop of 1981, speaking in general, became immortal by any means, and Northern Dancer was a great part of it. All that is needed to be said is the result of the Prix du Jockey Club: Darshaan, Sadler's Wells, Rainbow Quest. All of these three descendants of giants - Mill Reef, Northern Dancer, and Blushing Groom, became giants on their own. But neither of them won the most important race in the world - the Epsom Derby, and none of them became the European champion three-year-old colt. These two milestones were achieved by two more colts - and both were sons of Northern Dancer.

One of them was El Gran Senor, a full brother to the champion two-year-old colt Try My Best. He didn't shame his older brother in any way, winning the Railway Stakes and the National Stakes in Ireland, before traveling to England for the Dewhurst Stakes. He won the race easily over Rainbow Quest and Siberian Express, a winner of the Prix Morny and second from the Prix de la Salamandre, which earned him the title of the European champion two-year-old colt too. At the age of three, El Gran Senor won the Gladness Stakes in Ireland over his stablemate Sadler's Wells, and easily defeated Chief Singer and Lear Fan in the Two Thousand Guineas - the former won both the Sussex Stakes and the St. James's Palace Stakes in the following months, while the latter won the Prix Jacques le Marois and ran second in the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp. Favored in the Epsom Derby, El Gran Senor looked great when he took the lead in the stretch, but he found a surprising rival in Secreto, who overtook him in the final strides. El Gran Senor went on to win the Irish Derby over Rainbow Quest and the Prix Lupin winner Dahar, and although he was injured after and never raced again, his performances were great enough to earn him the title of the European champion three-year-old colt. El Gran Senor became a successful sire, but he's best-known for his excellent daughter Toussaud - dam of no less than four G1 horses, including a good sire Chester House, and the classic winner Empire Maker, another very good sire and future paternal grandsire of the American Triple Crown winner American Pharoah.

As for the Derby Stakes winner Secreto, he was, as previously mentioned, another son of Northern Dancer. Like El Gran Senor, he was bred by E.P. Taylor, and he was trained by David O'Brien, son of El Gran Senor's trainer Vincent O'Brien. Secreto won his only start at two, and The Tetrarch Stakes at Curragh at three; he was then sent for the Irish 2000 Guineas, which he lost to Sadler's Wells and Procida, who won the Prix de la Foret later in the season. His shocking Derby victory followed right after, and while El Gran Senor was assigned the Timeform rating of 136 at the end of the season, Secreto's victory was considered "inferior" among Derby winners, which somehow doesn't make much sense, especially considering the sheer courage with which he wore down the best three-year-old in Europe. However, Secreto never raced again; some say due to injury, some he has been withdrawn from the rest of the season after he was acquired by Claiborne Farm. Secreto hailed from the extremely successful American family of Mahmoud's daughter Boudoir, and he was closely related to classic winners Caracolero and Majestic Prince, and more distantly to Your Host and Graustark, making him a very desirable stallion prospect. However, his sire record can be considered only a failure, as he left a sole classic winner in Mystiko, and also French sire Verglas and a classic-winning filly Halfway to Heaven out of Verglas's half-sister.

The third major winner of the season was Sadler's Wells, and if history was unfair to Secreto, it was dead blind in the case of Sadler's Wells. Bred by Robert Sangster's Swettenham Stud, he was owned by Sangster and trained by Vincent O'Brien, just like El Gran Senor. Sadler's Wells won his two-year-old debut by six lengths, and then he added the Beresford Stakes by exactly the same margin. However, he never stepped up into the top company this year and was rated 10 pounds below El Gran Senor. At three, he got defeated by him in the Gladness Stakes, in their very first and very last meeting on the racetrack. After winning the Derby Trial in Leopardstown, Sadler's Wells was cut back in distance for the Irish 2000 Guineas. Which, in another story already told, he won narrowly from Procida and favored Secreto. Sadler's Wells wasn't sent against El Gran Senor in the Derby, but went to France instead, to compete in the Prix du Jockey Club. After taking the lead in the stretch, he was overtaken by Darshaan and defeated by one and a half length. Rainbow Quest finished third, and it's worth saying that the colt ran fourth in the Irish 2000 Guineas before, and after French Derby, he was sent to Ireland for the Irish Derby, which he lost only by a length to El Gran Senor. Let's stop here for a moment because this was the ONLY race Sadler's Wells ever run in France - and for which he was voted French champion miler (!) of the season. Aside from the fact that French Derby distance of more than a mile and a quarter simply isn't a mile, this made some kind of stigma on Sadler's Wells, which some people kept during his whole stud career, pointing out he was just a "miler". Nothing can be further from the truth based on his further results, and even if so, his number of purely classic horses was outstanding. However, there was no need to be shy of the distance after his effort in Chantilly, and Sadler's Wells was sent to meet older horses in the Eclipse Stakes. Sadler's Wells not only won, he won determinedly by a neck over Time Charter, former the Oaks and the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes winner, who was, at the age of five, still good enough to defeat a double classic winner Sun Princess in the Coronation Cup. He ran only fourth in the Benson and Hedges Gold Cup - behind filly Cormorant Wood, the former Champion Stakes winner and a dead-heat winner of the Lockinge Stakes this year; followed by Tolomeo, the champion miler from previous season, who defeated John Henry for the Arlington Million over 10 furlongs, and by Chief Singer, who was voted the champion sprinter, but he was, as already mentioned, winner of both the Sussex Stakes and the St. James's Palace Stakes, and second to El Gran Senor in the Two Thousand Guineas. Shortly, no shame in this defeat. Sadler's Wells then returned to Ireland for the Phoenix Champion Stakes and won by three-quarters of a length over Seattle Song, a winner of the Washington D.C. International over globetrotting Strawberry Road, and the Irish Oaks winner Princess Pati. In his last race, Sadler's Wells ran the only unplaced effort of his career, finishing eighth in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe.

As for his stud career, it would make an article even longer than this. Sadler's Wells was immediate and instant success, being a sire of tens of classic winners of ALL classic races, from the Guineas to the St. Leger; both his sons and daughters were able to win from the age of two to older age, at any possible distance maybe except utter sprints, and that includes a very strong hurdling potential, which was passed on by some of his sons. Sadler's Wells was the first ever stallion who sired 200 stakes winners, and the final number stopped on 323, with 73 G1 winners, and another several hundreds of stakes winners produced by his daughters. Sadler's Wells led British leading sires' list for thirteen years in a row from a total of 14 titles, and after the short reign of Danehill, he was replaced by his great son Galileo, who's now leading it for the seventh year in a row. Sadler's Wells also led the broodmare sires' list for seven years in a row and became a multiple champion sire in both France and North America. Simply said, Sadler's Wells easily ranked himself among the greatest stallions of all time.

A funny thing is, we're not out of the champions yet. The last one was a chestnut filly Northern Trick, who ruled in France and this time absolutely deservedly. Her dam was a half-sister to White Star Line, the Kentucky Oaks winner from 1978, and Northern Trick emulated her very well, winning the Prix de Diane by five lengths over Grise Mine - the very same filly to which she lost the Prix Saint-Alary earlier in the year, in her only second lifetime start. She got even sweeter reward in the Prix Vermeille, where she defeated the Epsom Oaks and the Yorkshire Oaks winner, and the Irish Oaks second Circus Plume, and former the Grand Criterium winner Treizieme. In the last start of her short career, she faced top horses in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, and ran second only to Sagace, with long six lengths back to great All Along in third. It was in the field which included Time Charter, Sun Princess or Sadler's Wells, no less. Aside from being the French champion, she was rated European top three-year-old filly of 1984. She had no immediate success ad stud, but became the granddam of several good horses, including a Japanese-bred filly Shiva, who won the Tattersalls Gold Cup over Daylami and lost the Eclipse Stakes only to Giant's Causeway and Kalanisi. Shiva's nine years younger half-sister Light Shift won the Epsom Oaks and ran second in the Irish Oaks in 2007.

Speaking of broodmares, they were no shame to runners. South Sea Dancer, a winning full sister to Northernette and Storm Bird, had a G1-placed son in Signal Tap, and grandson in Cool Coal Man; Ballet de France, a half-sister to Italian G1 winner St. Hilarion, produced Muhtarram, the Irish Champion Stakes winner who placed in five more G1 races, including the Prix d'Ispahan, the International Stakes and the Arlington Million. Wild Applause, a full sister to Hero's Honor and future half-sister to the Kentucky Derby winner Sea Hero, was also a very good racemare - a G2 winner, who defeated the Alabama Stakes winner Spit Curl or the Kentucky Oaks winner Lucky Lucky Lucky in her career, and who ran third in the Mother Goose Stakes only to champion Life's Magic and six-times G1 winner Miss Oceana. She produced the Futurity Stakes winner Eastern Echo and the Kentucky Oaks third Yell, but she was, most of all, a successful producer of sires: Eastern Echo had several G1 horses among his progeny, and his half-brother Roar, a G2 winner, became the damsire of Rachel Alexandra. Wild Applause's grandsons, full brothers Flatter and Congrats, both sired several G1 horses, and it's worth saying that both Yell and another daughter Queen's Wild already have G1 horses in their production too. Last, but not least, Northern Dancer sired Pacificus, an E.P. Taylor-bred winner of two starts from eleven tries. Pacificus was sent to Japan, where she produced the classic winner and multiple G1 winner Biwa Hayahide, the two times champion and the Horse of the Year 1993; one year later, she added Narita Brian, another two times champion, the Japanese Triple Crown winner and the Horse of the Year 1994. Looking back, this amazing achievement was no surprise, as her half-sister Catequil by Storm Cat produced another Japanese two times champion, the double classic winner and Narita Brian's three-quarters sister Phalaenopsis, and much later also the Japanese Derby winner and champion Kizuna.

As for grandsons, 1981 crop included some good horses, including an Italian classic winner Southern Arrow and American G1 turf runner Cool, but the only really top horses were Val Dansant and Cool Northerner. The former won the Prince of Wales's Stakes over Cool Northerner, and got defeated by him in the Eclipse Stakes; the latter added a second-place finish in the Breeders' Stakes, a victory in the Seagram Cup and another place or show efforts in the Canadian Maturity Stakes, the King Edward Gold Cup Handicap and the Durham Cup Stakes.

A crop of 1982 was a disappointment, but let's be honest, what wouldn't be after the previous year? But the crop was still unusually lean, and it's easy to name the sole successes: Antheus won the Gran Premio del Jockey Club Italiano, and grandson Again Tomorrow added the Premio Parioli. Another grandson Synefos ran third in the Poule d'Essai des Poulains, while filly Northern Walker lost the Prix Salamandre against males only to Noblequest. Northern Aspen, the first foal out of the future star broodmare Fall Aspen, won the Prix d'Astarte before being sent to America, where she became a G1 winner and twice G1-placed in California. And so was Savannah Dancer, a daughter of Valoris, who forced Slew the Dragon to run a new stakes record in the second edition of Hollywood Derby; Herat, who ran second in the first division to Charming Duke, and second in the Santa Anita Handicap to Greinton the next year; and also Pirate's Glow, who placed in a pair of G1 races for juvenile fillies this season. The very last big result came from Canada, where Glamourous Dancer ran third in the Wonder Where Stakes behind In My Cap and the champion filly La Lorgnette. Just as a curiosity, her older full sister Katsura became the ancestress of Australian wonder mare Makybe Diva.

But there was another important filly born this year, a Kentucky-bred Danseur Fabuleux, winless in 13 tries, but a G3-second from Prix Minerve. The family of her granddam Native Partner always had a way with Northern Dancer, producing turf G1 winner Joyeux Danseur by Nureyev, Nijinsky mare Dancing Key, a great dam in Japan; Serheed, sire of the Australian champion Northerly, or successful sire Ajdal, ancestor of Mark of Esteem or Youmzain. Danseur Fabuleux herself became the world-famous broodmare, thanks to her two sons - the immortal Arazi, and successful miler and a classic sire Noverre. Both of them deserve their own story further in the article.

Let's not forget that by this time, Northern Dancer had a good number not only of sons but also the first grandsons at stud. We're in 1983, and by this time, Nijinsky was breeding for 13 years, and his sons Green Dancer and Ile de Bourbon were already at stud. Vice Regent and Northfields started to breed just one year after Nijinsky, and Lyphard another year later. Be My Guest, The Minstrel and also Try My Best already had their first crops racing. At the same time, Northern Dancer turned 22, so it's no wonder that his successful crops continued to get smaller, with a great portion of top results left to the progeny of his more powerful sons. Still, it doesn't mean that Northern Dancer cleared positions, as you can read further.

From the 1983 crop, the best of his direct progeny was Glow, a dark bay colt out of Glisk, a half-sister to Foreseer, who, by the time when Glow was born, already produced the Irish St. Leger second Good Thyne, the Prix du Jockey Club winner and the Irish Derby second Caerleon, and a future American G1 turf winner Vision. Glow was unlucky to meet rivals like Manila, Broad Brush or Badger Land, but still was able to get two G1 runner-up efforts in the Secretariat Stakes and the Arlington Classic. The European crop was a little less visible, but it included two interesting foals - Sadler's Wells's full brother Tate Gallery, who won the National Stakes G2, and a bay filly Northern Eternity, a half-sister to Miswaki, who ran second in the Lowther Stakes. Later she became the best dam of the crop, producing no less than three G1 horses.

One of the grandsons on 1983 was Southern Halo, who ran second in both the Super Derby and the Swaps Stakes; more importantly, he became a great sire of more than 50 G1 winners, and also was a ten-times champion sire in Argentina. Most notably, he sired More Than Ready, a progressive sire with the international influence. As for fillies, Playlist, who hailed from the old family of Decidedly, showed a great form in Canada, winning both the Woodbine Oaks and the Bison City Stakes, and added several other stakes races. However, it wasn't enough for the championship title for the best three-year-old filly, as this honor went to Carotene, who competed in the classic Triple Crown, won the Breeders' Stakes and ran second in the Prince of Wales's Stakes. She also won the Wonder Where Stakes for fillies, and placed in the E.P. Taylor Stakes and the Yellow Ribbon Invitational in the U.S., and Playlist simply was no match for her. The third in the Woodbine Oaks behind Playlist finished Madame Treasurer, former Muskoka Stakes winner and placed from the Princess Elizabeth Stakes.

The most successful horse of the 1984 crop was surprisingly the sprinter. Ajdal, a half-brother to Danseur Fabuleux's dam, was the Dewhurst Stakes winner at two, and at three, he managed to defeat the double Guineas winner Don't Forget Me in the Craven Stakes over one mile. Ajdal actually ran in both these races too, and he was heavily favored in Newmarket, closing fifth in the very tight finish; he ran third at Curragh, but was disqualified after his rider failed to weigh in. Ajdal contested the Derby, but finished ninth after tracking the leaders; after the race, he was sent directly to seven furlongs long July Cup, where he met recent King's Stand Stakes winner Bluebird - who was no match for him, as Ajdal won determinedly over a filly Gayane. The next start for Ajdal was the Sprint Championship, which he won comfortably by three lengths, followed by the Sprint Cup, won by two lengths. Ajdal was sent to compete in the Prix de l'Abbaye de Longchamp, but he didn't like the firm ground and finished off the board. Yet his performances were good enough to ensure him the title of the best sprinter of the year. Even more interestingly, he was also rated the third-best three-year-old, behind only the Derby Stakes winner Reference Point and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Trempolino. Ajdal broke his leg in August 1888, and left only 35 live foals; the best of them was Cezanne, who defeated multiple G1 winner Grand Lodge in the Irish Champion States. But Ajdal's daughters produced several G1 winners, including Mark of Esteem, Olden Times or Youmzain.

Northern Dancer had three more G1 descendants in Europe - the St. Leger second Mountain Kingdom by Exceller, the St. James's Palace Stakes winner Half a Year by Riverman, and Sir Harry Lewis, son of Alleged, who won the Irish Derby and placed in both the International Stakes and the Rothmans International. In America, Buryyourbelief was twice placed in Californian trials before the Kentucky Oaks victory; later she ran second to Chic Shirine in the Ashland Stakes, and fourth in the Mother Goose Stakes. Another classic success was added by Street Party, who ran third in the Canadian Breeders' Stakes, and speaking of Canada, let's mention Emily's Charm, a good two-year-old filly and third from the Selene Stakes. Last, but not least, the member of this crop was Chapel of Dreams, a half-sister to Storm Cat, who was three times G1 placed over nine furlongs in the Gamely BC Handicap, the Ramona Handicap and the Beverly Hills Handicap.

A 1985 crop brought the third G1 horse out of Fairy Bridge, this time filly: Fairy Gold placed in both the Moyglare Stud Stakes and also in the Phoenix Stakes against colts. The crop also brought the last major sire by Northern Dancer, Unfuwain, better-known as "a half-brother to Nashwan", who was a G2 winner and ran second to Mtoto in the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes, defeating future Prix de L'Arc de Triomphe winner Tony Bin. Unfuwain left several classic-winning fillies, and also a good sire in Alhaarth. Another son Nabeel Dancer placed in the Prix de l'Abbaye; grandson Digamist won the Phoenix Stakes for two-year-olds, and Haiati placed in the Fillies Mile behind the future champion Diminuendo. Magic of Life had the best form at three, winning the Coronation Stakes G1, but the indisputable queen of Northern Dancer's crop was somebody else: Ravinella, a daughter of Mr. Prospector. She was rated the top European two-year-old filly after victory in the Cheveley Park Stakes, but had even greater season the next year, winning the One Thousand Guineas over Diminuendo, and later also the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches. She lost the Coronation Stakes to Magic of Life, and also lost the whole championship title, as Diminuendo won both the Oaks Stakes and the Irish Oaks, and placed in the St. Leger, which was enough to be rated the champion three-year-old filly. Ravinella was later sent to the United States, where she was also a G1-placed; but unfortunately, she produced only one, unraced foal. On the other hand, English-raced Armeria, a minor winner, became the best producer of the crop, as one of her sons was the Racing Post Trophy winner and later the St. Leger second Armiger, and the second one was his G2-placed full brother Besiege.

As for the American part of the crop, Tap Your Toes became a double G1-placed at two, and Flying Victor, out of a half-sister to Northern Blossom, earned a fourth place in the Breeders' Cup Juvenile. As for older horses, aside a pair of G2 runners, Dance Teacher was able to add the Ladies Handicap to her G3 successes in a very good company, and No Review, out of a three-quarters sister to Lyphard, ran great in California, where she won the Santa Barbara Handicap and placed in three more G1 and four more G2 races, including the third-place finish in the Santa Margarita Invitational behind the champion filly Bayakoa and great Goodbye Halo.

The 1986 crop had the biggest personality in Local Talent, a half-brother to Local Suitor from the family, which already proved the affinity for the line with Nijinsky. Local Talent was only a G3-placed entering the prestigious Prix Jean Prat, but managed to win, defeating the classic winner Kendor. Sadly, this was his only big score, and as a sire, he had almost no influence. But this crop was rich in future influential broodmares, starting with Carya, who shared her third dam with Dynaformer or Brian's Time. Carya produced a disqualified G1 winner Epicentre, but she's far more known as a dam of great Ryafan. She won a pair of British G2 races in the Falmouth Stakes and the Nassau Stakes, later both G1 races, before the transfer to the United States. She added three more G1 races to her score there - the Matriarch Stakes, the Yellow Ribbon Stakes and the Queen Elizabeth II. Challenge Cup Invitational. She was voted both champion three-year-old filly in Europe, and champion female turf horse in America at the end of the season. Dokki was another royally-bred mare, being a half-sister to classic winner Coastal and champion Slew o'Gold. She was unraced but produced several multiple winners, including Sleep Easy, a Californian G1 winner and good rival to Jewel Princess during her championship season in 1996. Her three-quarters brother Aptitude ran second in both the Kentucky Derby and the Belmont Stakes and won the prestigious Hollywood Gold Cup and the Jockey Club Gold Cup at the age of four. And finally, a winning mare Fabula Dancer was sold to Germany, where she left several daughters, including the German Oaks winner Flamingo Road - she became the dam of German G1-placed colt Flamingo fantasy, while her half-sister Flamingo Sea produced the Irish Derby winner Frozen Fire, and the Italian Derby winner Feuerblitz.

Speaking of classic winners, Northern Dancer's granddaughter Belle Chanson by Biscay won the Australian Oaks; Italian G1 winner Legal Case surprised with the Champion Stakes victory (and ran second in the following season again), and Northern Meteor's daughter Seattle Meteor showed a great form at two, including the Spinaway Stakes victory and a runner-up finish in the Matron Stakes.

This time, the third generation of Northern Dancer's progeny deserves its special place, as it had two great members. The first of them was Snow Bride, who hailed from the great family of Royal Statute - which produced a dam of three classic winners Korveya, several G1 horses and much later also Pour Moi, winner of the Prix du Jockey Club. Snow Bride herself was the daughter of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe third filly Awaasif and followed the footsteps of her mother very well. She was unbeaten at two, easily winning both her debut and the listed Bacon Stakes; at the age of three, she disappointed with a fifth-place finish in her listed debut but rebounded to a victory in the G3 Musidora Stakes only twelve days later. Well rested for a month, she was sent for the Epsom Oaks, where she was beaten for a second place by three lengths; however, the winner Aliysa was tested positive for a prohibited substance camphor, and was disqualified; Snow Bride was awarded the victory. Snow Bride disappointed a bit with only a fourth-place finish in the Prix Vermeille by almost five lengths, but she was beaten by a proven G2 filly Young Mother, by Sierra Roberta, who soon ran fifth in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, and by another G2 filly Colorado Dancer, who never ran worse than third in her short career. Snow Bride herself concluded her career with a comfortable victory in the Princess Royal Stakes against another pair of G2 fillies Princess Sobieska and Lady Shipley. Snow Bride turned into a great dam, as she an produced unbeaten G3 winner of only two starts Saytarra, the Al Maktoum Challenge winner Kammtarra, a G3-placed G1 produced Abhisheka, the Godolphin Mile second Qais, and above all, Lammtarra. The big chestnut colt ran only four races in his career: his two-year-old listed debut, which he won by three-quarters of a length; the Derby Stakes, where he started at the odds of 14/1 and finished strongly to win by a length; the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes, where, while heavily favored, he spoiled Pentire's winning line of seven races, which ended in September with the Champion Stakes victory; and finally, the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, where he defeated horses like Swain or Lando, to win by three-quarters of a length. Maybe not the greatest career of all time, but certainly a phenomenon on its own. Snow Bride's family is still alive, and so is Lammtarra's progeny, although he was not any successful sire; his grandson Rajsaman is currently the sire of double classic winner Brametot, to say the least.

The second big name was With Approval, a Canadian-bred grey son of Caro and grandson of Cool Mood. He was a good two-year-old, winning the Display Stakes; at three, he started his campaign in the United States with a fifth-place finish, after which he won an allowance before starting in the Tampa Bay Derby, where he forced its winner Storm Predictions to equal the track record. After finishing sixth in the Flamingo Stakes, he was shipped back to Canada; and in preparation for the Canadian Triple Crown, he lost the Queenston Stakes to Domasca Dan only because he was pulled up in the final strides. Domasca Dan was, however, a very good horse, who won the Jamaica Handicap at Belmont Park, and the Colonel R.S. McLaughlin Handicap at Woodbine. With Approval was sent for the Marine Stakes and the Plate Trial, and won both by a head; and so he did in the Queen's Plate itself, in the very tight finish with Most Valiant, and also in the Prince of Wales's Stakes. Switched to turf for the final leg of the Triple Crown, the Breeders' Stakes, With Approval shocked with an easy seven-lengths victory, to become the eighth Canadian Triple Crown winner and the first one since Canebora in 1963. As a four-year-old, With Approval had another late start, badly defeated in an allowance race at Gulfstream Park, and after winning a small allowance at Keeneland, he ran poorly ninth in the Pimlico Special. Once again shipped back to Canada, he won the Connaught Cup Stakes, and in June, he finally hit his big victory in the U.S., not only winning the Bowling Green Handicap by one and a half length but also in a new world record time of 2:10.26 for 1 3/8 miles on turf. The Tidal Handicap in the stakes record time followed, and he lost the Sword Dancer Invitational only to a four-times G1 winner El Senor. Another loss came in the Arlington Million, where multiple G2 winner and the future Japan Cup winner Golden Pheasant caught him in the final strides. The Turf Classic Handicap meant another tight loss, this time to British multiple G1-placed colt Cacoethes, a former rival of Nashwan from both the Derby Stakes and the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes. And in With Approval's final lifetime start, he narrowly lost in the Breeders' Cup Turf to the British and French G1 winner In the Wings. With Approval was voted both the champion three-year-old and the Horse of the Year after his sophomore season; at the age of four, he didn't have three Canadian starts required for the Sovereign Awards, although the winner Twist the Snow would probably be no match for the grey colt. With Approval later became a successful sire.

Now let's jump right into the third generation of the 1987 crop, which included Izvestia, another grey colt, who shared the granddam Cool Mood with With Approval. He was by a different damsire, however, and also was sired by grey Icecapade, son of Nearctic, making him unusually 2x4 inbred to Northern Dancer's own sire. Historic materials are much more mean about this horse than about With Approval. He won the Forerunner Stakes and the Transylvania Stakes in the United States; he was shipped to Canada in the spring of 1990, and after winning the Plate Trial Stakes, he added all three races of the Canadian Triple Crown, winning it only a year after With Approval - with the same rider Don Seymour, no less. After that, Izvestia added the Molson Export Million, which later became the Woodbine Mile, and also the third-place finish in the Jockey Club Gold Cup behind Flying Continental. Izvestia was, of course, voted both the champion three-year-old colt and the Canadian Horse of the Year, but his story doesn't have a happy ending. After winning both the Eclipse Handicap and the Canadian Turf Handicap at four, Izvestia broke his hind leg during the running of the Rothmans International and had to be euthanized. More of a curiosity, there was another grandson of Cool Mood running this season, and it was Cool Gold Mood. He placed in a single graded race, the San Luis Obispo Handicap G2 - between a G1 winner and the Breeders' Cup Turf third Quest For Fame and the Breeders' Cup Turf winner Miss Alleged.

Getting back to start, 1987 was the last crop of Northern Dancer's direct progeny, and it included two royally-bred foals: Antisaar, a son of Detroit, who ran second in the Prix Niel, and Wajd, a chestnut filly out of Dahlia, who placed in both the Yorkshire Oaks and the Prix Royal-Oak, which was pretty much the swan song of this great sire, although purely in the meaning of his own sons and daughters.

From the same crop, he was the damsire, first and foremost, of Rhythm, a son of a G1 winner and great dam Dance Number. Rhythm placed in the Champagne Stakes before wrapping up his bid for the champion two-year-old colt honors with a victory in the Breeders' Cup Juvenile over double G1 winner Grand Canyon. As a three-year-old, be proved no fluke with a victory in the Travers Stakes and show efforts in both the Haskell Invitational and the Woodward Handicap. Another good runner was a bay filly Dance Colony, another foal out of successful dam Dance Review; aside from her nice G2 efforts, she placed in both the Frizette Stakes and the Gazelle Handicap. In the former, she ran third to Stella Madrid and Go For Wand, in one of her rare defeats. The last one who deserves to be mentioned is Sir Richard Lewis, a half-brother to Sir Harry Lewis, second in the Hopeful Stakes to Summer Squall and third in the Travers Stakes behind Rhythm.

The 1988 crop, the first without Northern Dancer's foals, brought a number of good American runners. Let's start with Eastern Echo, a son of Wild Applause, who was unbeaten in three starts, including the Futurity Stakes, he later became the ancestor of several G1 horses. Another Review, one more foal out of No Review, won a couple of graded races, including the Californian Stakes, and ran third to Sultry Song and Marquetry in the Hollywood Gold Cup Handicap. Talented filly Withallprobability, a daughter of Sulemeif, was proven graded warrior, and her biggest effort was the second-place finish in the Kentucky Oaks behind Lite Light. And aside random G1 winners Masake and Eternity Star, the member of the crop was also Get Lucky, a daughter of Dance Number, who produced two G1 horses and became the granddam of four more via four different daughters - including Imagining, Girolamo and the Kentucky Derby winner Super Saver. For the record, Sha Tha, a dark bay daughter of Savannah Dancer, was the US-bred too, and she placed in both the Prix Marcel Boussac behind the champion filly and future classic winner Shadayid and the Prix de Diane winner Caerlina; the following year she lost the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches only to Danseuse du Soir.

The crop of 1989 was the one to remember, as it contained, the first and the foremost, Arazi, the last big son of Blushing Groom. It was not his almost unbeaten record which made him a superstar; it was his unbelievable ability of acceleration, his bursting speed and unbelievable easiness of his strides, which made him a real phenomenon all over the world. The only loss Arazi suffered at the age of two was the listed Prix d'Orgemont, where he was defeated only by a future G2 miler Steinbeck. Arazi won the listed Prix La Fleche by three lengths, the Prix du Bois G3 by three-quarters of a length over Steinbeck in 0:58.70 over five furlongs; the Prix Robert Papin G2 by one and a half length, and stepping up to the top company, he added the Prix Morny G1 by three lengths. In his final two starts in France, he destroyed his rivals in the Prix de la Salamandre by five lengths, going seven furlongs in 1:20.90, and gave no chance to anybody in the Grand Criterium neither, winning by comfortable three lengths. Arazi was then shipped to Churchill Downs, where he was heavily favored for the Breeders' Cup Juvenile over Bertrando, who won the Norfolk Stakes G1 by astonishing nine lengths. However, Arazi's performance went into the history books as one of the most memorable races ever. Racing early second to last far behind the pace, Arazi made the almost unbelievable run on the far turn, entering the stretch on the first position and powering home in absolute dominance, which is truly rarely seen. Tom Durkin's ecstatic comment "Here indeed is a superstar!" became a part of a history, but also, sadly, a swan song for Arazi. He underwent chip removement surgeries on both his ankles, which took much more time to recover than anybody expected; he was able to compete in only one race before his planned bid for the Kentucky Derby. Arazi won the Prix Omnium G2 comfortably by five lengths, but some felt that only one race over mediocre rivals wasn't enough to get Arazi to his top form. Which proved true on the first Saturday in May, as Arazi finished eighth, beaten by more than eight lengths by Lil E. Tee. It's needed to be said though that he was beaten only by a head by Dr. Devious, who went right on to win the Epsom Derby; he also finished about a length behind Pine Bluff, who went on to win the Preakness Stakes. However, the magic spell around Arazi was gone. He returned to Europe and competed in the St. James's Palace Stakes, and despite being beaten only by two and a half lengths - three-quarters of a length behind the double Guineas winner Rodrigo de Triano, no less - he still finished only fifth. Rested until autumn, Arazi tried his luck in the Prix du Prince d'Orange G3 and came home beaten by six lengths by Arcangues, future winner of the Prix d'Ispahan and the Breeders' Cup Turf. Arazi shined once more during the Arc weekend - but not in any of the top races, but in the G2 Prix du Rond Point, which he won impressively by four lengths over multiple Italian G1 winner Alhijaz. Arazi returned for the Breeders' Cup once more, in the 1992 Mile, but after being kept just behind the leaders in a very fast pace set by eventual winner Lure, Arazi tired badly in the stretch to finish eleventh. Unfortunately, Arazi was a disappointment as a sire too. For the record, he left several G1 horses among his progeny, like the top US three-year-old and good sire Congaree, Americain, Lahudood, Lush Lashes or a sire Jeremy, but still, it was nothing compared to really top stallions. Still, Arazi's magic of the 1991 Breeders' Cup Juvenile will live much longer than his progeny record.

It's fair to say that besides Arazi, Northern Dancer had three real top contenders in Europe from this crop. The one already mentioned was Dr. Devious, a precocious juvenile, who won or placed in all his starts at the age of two, including an easy victory in the Dewhurst Stakes G1. At three, he ran second in the Craven Stakes before being shipped for the Kentucky Derby, where he finished respectable seventh from eighteen runners. In a very unusual move, Dr. Devious returned for the Epsom Derby, and he was installed the second favourite after heavily backed Rodrigo de Triano, a son of El Gran Senor, who won both the Two Thousand Guineas and the Irish 2000 Guineas. Rodrigo de Triano finished well beaten ninth, but Dr. Devious won comfortably by two lengths over St. Jovite. However, he got beaten by the same horse in the Irish Derby, and by horrendous twelve lengths; and later ran fourth by four lengths behind Rodrigo de Triano in the International Stakes. Rodrigo de Triano went on to win the Champion Stakes, which easily earned him the title of the European champion three-year-old colt, but Dr. Devious did well too, winning the Irish Champion Stakes by a head over St. Jovite after a desperate battle, and he continued with another nice effort in the Breeders' Cup Turf, where he ran fourth by only three lengths and defeated current Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Subotica. He concluded his career in the Japan Cup, where both Dr. Devious and the Breeders' Cup Turf third Quest For Fame finished unplaced. He was about as good sire as Arazi, with several good horses, including a G1 winner and good broodmare Kinnaird.

Brief Truce, a son of Irish River, came from a great family, as his dam Falafel was a full sister to Royal Statute, the dam of Awaasif and the granddam of Korveya. He was also a half-brother to the Italian classic winner Again Tomorrow. Brief Truce was the most consistent horse of the season and on the absolutely top level. He comfortably won his debut among 18 rivals in November at the age of two, and started the next year in a style, beaten only by a neck in the Leopardstown 2000 Guineas Trial. He won the listed Amethyst Stakes by four lengths and ran well third behind Rodrigo de Triano in the Irish 2000 Guineas, beaten only two and a half lengths. Staying in Ireland, he comfortably won the Gallinule Stakes G3, before coming to Royal Ascot, where he won the St. James's Palace Stakes G1 only by a short head, but over a field which included the International Stakes winner Ezzoud, and both Rodrigo de Triano and Arazi. Running on the Arc undercard, he wasn't able to catch only the three-year-old filly All At Sea by a neck in the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp, and returning home for the Queen Elizabeth II. Stakes, he was defeated only by Lahib, who won the Queen Anne Stakes G2, and ran second in the Lockinge Stakes, the Champion Stakes,a and the Prix Jacques le Marois that season. In his final outing, Brief Truce was the best from Europeans in the Breeders' Cup Mile, where nobody was a match for the winner Lure, but Brief Truce lost the second place only by a neck to Paradise Creek. Once again, his stud career included only several G1 winners, including the Caulfield Cup winner Diatribe.

The last and the less famous was Muhtarram, a son of Ballet de France. Winner of two minor races at two, Muhtarram ran fourth in the Craven Stakes, fifth in the Two Thousand Guineas and fourth in the Epsom Derby; he was then sent for a couple of small races, which he won, before hitting his big score in the Irish Champion Stakes over Opera House, a three-times G1 winner this season, including the Eclipse Stakes and the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes. He was rested after only the seventh-place finish in the Champion Stakes. However, he started the new season with an easy victory in the Premio Presidente della Repubblica G1 and was defeated only by a neck by Bigstone in the Prix d'Ispahan, before defeating Ezzoud by the same margin at Royal Ascot. He lost two more races only by a neck, the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud G1 to Apple Tree, and the Juddmonte International to Ezzoud. He eased a bit at the end of the season, running well third in the Arlington Million behind future champion turf horse Paradise Creek, fourth in the Irish Champion Stakes Cezanne, and third only by half a length in the Champion Stakes. As a five-year-old, he won the Prince of Wales's Stakes but was badly beaten in both the Lockinge Stakes and the Eclipse Stakes, which were his last starts. Muhtarram was also the weakest one of all mentioned stallions, as his only major success was a classic-winning granddaughter Sariska.

The success of this crop didn't end with these four superb colts. Starry Val, closely related to a G1-winning miler Observatory, ran third in both the Wonder Where Stakes, and the Delaware Handicap in the United States. Vivano, whose dam Fiddlesticks was a half-sister to the granddam of classic winner Goodbye Halo, didn't hit any big score, but placed in four G1 races, including a second-place finish behind Preach in the Frizette Stakes, and defeats by multiple G1 winners Dispute and Turnback the Alarm in the Beldame Stakes and the Shuvee Handicap. But the most successful was Pleasant Stage, a granddaughter of Northern Meteor, who won the Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies and also placed in both the Kentucky Oaks and the CCA Oaks. Pleasant Stage tragically died in August of her three-year-old season, and sadly, neither of the two remaining mares was a good dam.

The 1989 crop brought the fame from a little-expected place: Japan. But before that, two of Northern Dancer's grandsons hit a 1-3 score in the Racing Post Trophy - namely Armiger, a son of Armeria, and Zind, a three-quarters brother to Dr. Devious's dam. Armiger won that day by six lengths, and it's worth mentioning that although he never quite lived up to expectations from this day, he was beaten only by a neck in the Prix Lupin G1 the following year, and by Nijinsky's grandson Hernando, who went right on to win the Prix du Jockey Club. Armiger himself didn't return to the racetrack until August, when he finished unplaced in the Great Voltigeur Stakes, but rebounded soon in the St. Leger with a second-place finish to the Great Voltigeur Stakes winner Bob's Return. Still, his career was no match for Biwa Hayahide, a Japanese-bred grandson of Caro. A good juvenile, Biwa Hayahide won the Daily Hai Sansai Stakes and placed second in the Asahi Hai Sansai Stakes for two-year-olds; the following year he won 2000 Guineas trial, but lost the Satsuki Sho to Narita Taishin and the Tokyo Yushun to Winning Ticket, while Narita Taishin finished third. After winning the Kobe Shimbun Hai, a St. Leger trial, Biwa Hayahide finally got his classic victory in the Kikuka Sho, in the new race record time, and defeated both the Aoba Sho winner Stage Champ and Winning Ticket. After he added another second place in the Arima Kinen only behind the former champion Tokai Teio, Biwa Hayahide was voted both the champion three-year-old colt and the Horse of the Year 1993. He repeated the next year as the champion older horse, after winning the Kyoto Kinen G2, and a pair of G1 races in the Tenno Sho (Spring) and the Takarazuka Kinen.

But Biwa Hayahide wasn't the only champion this season. Vega, the first Japanese-bred daughter out of Northern Dancer mare Antique Value, collected only 4 wins from 9 starts, but her form was timed just right. She won the Tulip Sho, a local 1000 Guineas trial, before victories in both the Oka Sho and the Yushun Himba; she only lost the last leg of the Fillies Triple Crown, the Queen Elizabeth II. Commemorative Cup, to Hokuto Vega, the future champion dirt horse. Vega was not only awarded the title of the champion three-year-old filly but also became a great dam, producing the Tokyo Yushun winner Admire Vega, the St. Lite Kinen winner Admire Boss, seven-times G1 winner and multiple champion Admire Don, and also filly Historic Star, who became the dam of a classic-winning filly and champion Harp Star.

At the same time when Biwa Hayahide and Vega were voted the best three-year-olds in the country, Biwa Hayahide's younger half-brother Narita Brian added another title for the champion two-year-old colt, after setting new juveniles' track record in the Kyoto Sansai Stakes, after a third-place finish in the Daily Hai Sansai Stakes, and the very fast victory in the Asahi Hai Sansai Stakes G1. As a three-year-old, he lost the Kyoto Shimbun Hai between the first two legs of the Triple Crown to multiple G2 winner Star Man, but before that, he won a Guineas trial and the Satsuki Sho G1 in a new track record time, and followed with both the Tokyo Yushun and the Satsuki Sho victories, the latter once more in a track record time. After winning the Triple Crown, Narita Brian added the Arima Kinen against older horses, making him both the champion three-year-old colt and the Horse of the Year 1994.

Among Narita Brian, the 1991 crop included one more champion, this time in Canada. Term Limits, a half-sister to classic winner Val Dansant, won both the Mazarine Stakes and the Princess Elizabeth Stakes on the way to her title of champion two-year-old filly. And speaking of fillies, Eternal Reve out of Northern Eternity was second from both the Coronation Stakes and the Queen Elizabeth II. Challenge Cup, not to mention her defeat of the future U.S. G1-placed colt Key of Luck and the Prix du Jockey Club winner Celtic Arms at the age of two. However, the really top horse of the crop was Freedom Cry, who had a magnificent four-year-old season. He started with a victory in the Prix d'Harcourt, followed by a fifth-place finish in the Prix Ganay in his first G1 try; he rebounded with a G2 victory in Germany. He got beaten only by Hernando in the Prix Gontaut Biron G3, and after that, he was defeated only by a short head by Pentire in the Irish Champion Stakes, and by Lammtarra in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, only by three-quarters of a length. In his last start, he suffered the third straight defeat in a row in the Breeders' Cup Turf, where he lost only by a neck to Northern Spur. Quite enough bad luck for one horse.

The crop of 1992 slowed down a bit. An interesting filly was Valley of Gold, a granddaughter of White Star Line, who won the Oaks d'Italia, ran third in the Irish Oaks and second to Carling in the Prix Vermeille, three top G1 races in three states. Another one was Sleep Easy, a half-sister to Aptitude out of Dokki. She was the winner of the Hollywood Oaks and second from the Del Mar Oaks at three, and twice second behind the champion Jewel Princess at four, including the Lady's Secret BC Handicap. Probably the best race of her career was the Santa Margarita Invitational Handicap, where she ran second to Twice the Vice only by a neck, and defeated Jewel Princess by half a length for the third place. Sleep Easy wasn't any great producer, but she's the granddam of tough runner Slumber by Cacique, a G1 winner and multiple G1-placed in the top American turf handicaps. Fanjica, a great-granddaughter of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Ivanjica, was sent to America after being a G2-placed in France, and aside of a pair of fine G2 efforts, she ran second to Ryafan in the Yellow Ribbon Stakes G1. Fanjica was sent to Japan, where she produced at least nine winners, including Higher Game, who ran third behind King Kamehameha in the Tokyo Yushun, and Daiwa Maggiore, a G2 winner and second from the Mile Championship G1. Speaking of Japan, more of a curiosity was Signal Light, both the Meguro Kinen and the St. Lite Kinen-placed colt, who hails from the old family of Bold Commander and Majestic Light. As for fillies, Smooth Charmer, a granddaughter of Dance Number, ran second in the Shuvee Handicap to Clear Mandate; Sneaky Quiet, from the family of classic winners Zanzibar and Ensconse, ran third in the Kentucky Oaks, and Daijin, a half-sister to With Approval, won the Selene Stakes before a nice third-place finish in the Test Stakes. The biggest success was achieved by the chestnut filly Woolloomooloo, who was named after a suburban area of Sydney and who placed second in the Princess Elizabeth Stakes at two and won the Bison City Stakes at three. Her best form, however, came at the age of five, when she won both the Canadian Handicap and the Woodbine BC Handicap and was voted the Canadian champion older mare.

The 1993 crop brought the outstanding trio of the U.S.-based runners, who earned 15 G1 successes among them. Probably the "least" successful was Cavonnier, a colt from the family of Dr. Fager's dam Aspidistra, who was a G2-placed juvenile in California but became one of the top classic contenders the following year. He placed in the San Felipe Stakes and won the Santa Anita Derby before losing the Kentucky Derby only by a nose to Grindstone. He lost the very fast running of the Preakness Stakes by almost nine lengths to Louis Quatorze, Skip Away and Editor's Note, and was pulled up in the Belmont Stakes, but he certainly got his share of fame. A chestnut filly Flat Fleet Feet was out of a half-sister to the Eclipse champion sprinter Eillo, and aside from winning the Adirondack Stakes at two, she twice placed behind the juvenile champion Golden Attraction in both the Frizette Stakes and the Spinaway Stakes. At the age of three, she won the Top Flight Handicap and ran second in the Test Stakes to Capote Belle, who equaled the stakes record. Flat Fleet Feet never added another G1 score but ran many other good races, including the second-place finish only by a head in the Go For Wand Handicap to Hidden Lake. Cara Rafaela never met Flat Fleet Feet among the top three runners in any top race, but she shared the same rivals with her, including Golden Attraction and My Flag, who both defeated Flat Fleet Feet in the Frizette Stakes. Cara Rafaela ran second between them in both the Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies and the Matron Stakes, in addition to her victories in the Alcibiades Stakes and the Hollywood Starlet Stakes. At the age of three, Cara Rafaela didn't win any important race, but she placed in the Las Virgenes Stakes, the Santa Anita Oaks, the Ashland Stakes, the Kentucky Oaks, the Black Eyed Susan Stakes, and the Mother Goose Stakes - twice defeating Hidden Lake, and twice losing to Escena, the future champion older mare. As for progeny, Cavonnier was a gelding and Flat Fleet Feet left several minor winners; Cara Rafaela, on the other hand, was voted the Broodmare of the Year after producing Bernardini, a superb large-margin winner of the Preakness Stakes, the Travers Stakes and the Jockey Club Gold Cup before he lost the Breeders' Cup Classic only to the four-year-old Invasor. Bernardini was subsequently voted the champion three-year-old colt and became a successful stallion. The same certainly doesn't apply to Roar, the fourth North American runner and only a G2 winner from the Jim Beam Stakes. As another son of Wild Applause, he was sent to stud, where he sired only random G2 horses; nevertheless, his daughter Lotta Kim produced a phenomenal racemare Rachel Alexandra, who won the Preakness Stakes, the Haskell Invitational, and the Woodward Stakes on her way to the Horse of the Year honors.

The 1994 crop brought two special horses. Touch Gold, another half-brother to With Approval, placed in the Grey BC Stakes at two before shipping to the United States for the three-year-old campaign. He ran fourth in the Preakness Stakes but spoiled Silver Charm's Triple Crown hopes in the Belmont Stakes with a victory by three-quarters of a length. Having an excellent summer form, he continued with a victory in the Haskell Invitational, where he defeated G2 winner Anet and Free House, who won the Santa Anita Derby before running third, second and third in all races of the Triple Crown. And as quickly as this form came, it also disappeared. Touch Gold then ran last of all in the Pegasus Handicap G2, and last in the Breeders' Cup Classic; he managed only to finish second in a G3 race at the age of four. However, Touch Gold was able to produce several G1 horses, including his granddaughter, the Empire Maker's four times G1-winning daughter Emollient.

The bay filly Ryafan was beaten only three times, and never in a bad effort. She won her debut and ran second to the future Lowther Stakes winner Bianca Nera in the G1 Moyglare Stud Stakes; in her final juvenile appearance, she won the Prix Marcel Boussac by a head over Yashmak, the future U.S. G1 winner. At the age of three, Ryafan debuted in May in the Irish 1000 Guineas, finishing fourth by a head, and only three lengths and a half behind the winner in the field of 16. Only two weeks later, she was sent for the Prix de Diane G1, and finished fourth again, four lengths behind the winner Vereva. She was also beaten by Mousse Glacee, the future Canadian G1 winner, and by Brilliance, the winner of the Prix Saint-Alary and third from both the Prix Vermeille and the Irish Oaks. Since then Ryafan remained unbeaten for the rest of her career, winning the Falmouth Stakes over the Coronation Stakes second Ocean Ridge and the Nassau Stakes over Papering, former double G1-placed filly and Italian G2 winner. Ryafan was then sent to the United States, where she won the Queen Elizabeth II. Challenge Cup G1 and the Yellow Ribbon Stakes G1 decisively, and in her final start, she the Matriarch Stakes by a head over Maxzene, a three-times G2 winner and double G1-placed in that season. At the end of the season, Ryafan was voted both the champion European three-year-old filly, and the champion grass mare in the United States. As a broodmare, Ryafan produced only three foals before her death; her only daughter Phantom Wind was a G3 winner and third from the Matron Stakes behind the champion filly Soviet Song and double classic winner Attraction. Phantom Wind, fortunately, produced several daughters, so Ryafan's family will continue for a while.

The crop of 1995 didn't contain any special superstar, yet it had some horses to remember. One of them was Nedawi, whose dam Wajd was a royally-bred filly by Northern Dancer out of Dahlia. Nedawi ran seven times, and only once finished out of money when fifth in the Ascot Gold Cup, on one mile longer distance than he was used to run and against 16 rivals. Aside from this race, Nedawi won the St. Leger and ran second in the future Dubai Sheema Classic, beaten only by a neck by Fruits of Love, and also second in the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes in his last start, only to great Daylami. Other G1 warriors this season included a Seattle Slew colt Event of the Year, who ran second in the Santa Anita Handicap and third in the Malibu Stakes G1; Jade Hunter's colt Halory Hunter, who won the Blue Grass Stakes and ran third in the Florida Derby; Hansel's filly Loving Claim, the best two-year-old filly in France and later fifth in the One Thousand Guineas and second in the Prix Saint-Alary; and courageous filly Shiva, who destroyed Daylami in the Tattersalls Gold Cup G1 in 1999, and finished unlucky third in the Eclipse Stakes one year later after being taken back in the final yards when stuck between horses - and still finished third behind Giant's Causeway and Kalanisi, and in the front of such a great horses like Sakhee and Fantastic Light.

Horses from the 1996 crop reached some classic successes - a chestnut filly Flamingo Road, daughter of Acatenango, won the Preis der Diana, the German equivalent of the Oaks, and ran third in the Deutsches Derby - this says a little about her qualities, as she was able to run for the money with horses like Ungaro, Tiger Hill, Belenus and Silvano, all of them multiple G1 winners. Flamingo Road also defeated both the Deutsches Derby third Albaran and Silvano in the Hansa Preis G2, before becoming a broodmare - one of three G1-producing daughters out of her mother. Another classic winner from another great family was Admire Vega, the oldest son of a double classic winner Vega, who won the Tokyo Yushun over the Kikuka Sho winner Narita Top Road and the Satsuki Sho winner and future double champion and the Horse of the Year 2000 T M Opera O. This crop also brought a popular Californian gelding General Challenge, a winner of the Santa Anita Derby and the Pacific Classic at three, and of the Santa Anita Handicap at four, when he also added a second-place finish in the Hollywoog Gold Cup G1.

The 1997 crop had the top horse in Aptitude, the son of Dokki, who was a bit unlucky in his classic crop. He lost the Gotham Stakes to the future Preakness Stakes winner Red Bullet, the Wood Memorial to Fusaichi Pegasus and Red Bullet, the Kentucky Derby to Fusaichi Pegasus - and without both of them, he lost the Belmont Stakes to outsider Commendable. Aptitude got luckier the next season, winning both the Hollywood Gold Cup and the Jockey Club Gold Cup, and although he didn't leave any important progeny, he's still well remembered as the classy horse. And so certainly was Tap Dance City, the U.S.-bred Japanese runner, who blossomed into a great older horse, winning the Japan Cup at the age of 6, and the Takarazuka Kinen G1 at the age of 7; in the same season, he lost the Arima Kinen only to champion Zenno Rob Roy. Overall, Tap Dance City ran in the money in 15 graded races in the span of six years. Two more horses who certainly deserve to be mentioned are Love Divine, who got into her top form right in time for the Oaks Stakes, which she won by two lengths in her only third lifetime start; in her next outing, she lost the Yorkshire Oaks to the Irish Oaks winner Petrushka, with another great filly Ramruma, winner of the previous runnings of both the Epsom Oaks and the Irish Oaks, in third. The second horse was the imposant son of Distant View named Observatory, who turned into a top-class miler; he's best remembered for a shocking defeat he handed to Giant's Causeway in the Queen Elizabeth II. Stakes G1 at the age of three, and he also won the Prix d'Ispahan a year later.

1998 was a year of turf runners. The results of American colt Burning Roma look much better than his actual form was, and Gold Mover was a very talented filly, who was just always a bit short of the top ranks. The name who rocked the season was Noverre, a bay colt with a large blaze on his face, and more interestingly, a full nine years younger half-brother to phenomenal Arazi. Which was quite a disaster for him, because after Noverre won his first three outings and stepped up into graded company, he "only" finished second in the Prix Morny and "only" won the Champagne Stakes before "only running second in the Dewhurst Stakes, which looked like nothing compared to his brother. And as if this wasn't enough, Noverre had no chance in the Breeders' Cup, finishing eleventh in the field, which included such talented horses like Point Given, Street Cry or City Zip. But in the March of the next season, Noverre ran respectably second in the UAE 2000 Guineas, and the first strong signs that his position should be reconsidered came in the Poule d'Essai des Poulains - which, unlike Arazi at the same stage of the season, Noverre won, although he was disqualified later after being tested for a banned substance. After this race, it was great two years for Noverre, who matured into the top British miler. He ran only a neck second in the St. James's Palace Stakes, won the Sussex Stakes, ran third in the Prix Jacques le Marois and second in the Queen Elizabeth II. Stakes G1, leaving memories of Arazi far behind him. Once again, he ran only seventh in the Breeders' Cup Mile - a situation which repeated for three straight years, as he failed to fire also a year later in the Atto Mile at Woodbine, and the Hong Kong Mile at Sha Tin in his final appearance at the age of four. But otherwise his four-year-old season was a success, starting with a narrow second-place finish in the Dubai Duty Free G1, which led to the second place in the Lockinge Stakes G1, in the Sussex Stakes behind great Rock of Gibraltar, and the third place in the Juddmonte International, which was an unusually long race for Noverre. After returning home from Woodbine, Noverre ran his last race on the British ground, running respectably third in the 1 1/4 miles long Champion Stakes. After achieving much more than Arazi actually could, Noverre was sent to stud, and despite he hadn't much immediate success, he sired the Prix du Jockey Club winner Le Havre, the champion first-crop sire in France, with double classic-winning filly Avenir Certain in his first crop, and with La Cressonniere born only two years later, who repeated the same feat. Novere himself was sent to India after only six years at stud and died there at the age of 14.

At the age of four, Noverre didn't even try the Breeders' Cup Mile, and honestly said, there was not much to wonder about, as this was the target of the seemingly unbeatable monster named Rock of Gibraltar. Son of Danehill and thus a paternal great-grandson of Northern Dancer, Rock of Gibraltar broke Mill Reef's record of 6 consecutive G1 victories, after he won the Grand Criterium, the Dewhurst Stakes, the Two Thousand Guineas, the Irish 2000 Guineas, the St. James's Palace Stakes, the Sussex Stakes and the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp, without a single defeat between them. But Arlington Park saw an impossible happen this year, as Rock of Gibraltar got beaten by Domedriver, a French-trained grandson of Bella Senora, a placed full sister to El Gran Senor and Try My Best. Domedriver was all but a star, being only a listed winner at two; badly beaten in the Premio Parioli and hardly a G3 colt in France at three; and he didn't start his four-year-old season much better either, finishing fifth in the G3 race before winning the Prix du Chemin de Fer du Nord G3, and running second in the Prix Messidor G3 a month later. The first and only sign something's terribly wrong came in the Prix Jacques le Marois, where Domedriver got defeated only by fantastic filly Banks Hill, who was used to run great with boys on the regular basis, and who lost only half a length to Rock of Gibraltar in her very next outing. Not bad enough, Best of the Bests, who finished third behind Domedriver, won the Prix d'Ispahan a few months ago and went on to finish third behind Grandera, beaten by only half a length, in the Irish Champion Stakes. This was and remained the only warning about Domedriver's abilities, as his next and very narrow victory in the Prix Daniel Wildenstein over a soft ground didn't tell almost nothing. Starting at the odds of more than 20/1 in the Breeders' Cup Mile, he took a great advantage of Rock of Gibraltar's bad luck in the race. Settling last or almost last for the most of the trip, Rock of Gibraltar was exactly in the way of his stablemate Landseer, who broke down at the top of the stretch - and the British superstar immediately lost his momentum in already bad enough race. Even with a wonderful flying finish, Rock of Gibraltar wasn't able to catch Domedriver under the wire, although by less than a length, which became one of the great, yet not nice stories of the Breeders' Cup races. As for Domedriver, he seemed to peak out and lose his form again, as he showed almost nothing the next year, with the exception of his debut, where he was narrowly beaten in the Prix du Muguet G2. After being badly beaten in the Lockinge Stakes, and fifth in the Prix Messidor, he stunned the world once again when he ran a short neck second to great filly Six Perfections in the Prix Jacques le Marois. But this was Domedriver's swan song, and sadly, he disappointed at stud too.

The biggest personality of the 1999 crop was, without a doubt, Admire Don, a Japanese-bred bay son of Timber Country out of the champion mare Vega. Admire Don was a G1-winning juvenile, who grew up into nation's top dirt horse. He was three times beaten in the Japan Cup Dirt but won three consecutive runnings of the JBC Classic. Admire Don won three championship titles, but it was pretty much all for the whole crop. One more name became well-known retrospectively - a G2-placed colt Flatter, the grandson of Wild Applause, whose son Flat Out was the top handicap horse in the United States from 2011 to 2013, when he won two editions of the Jockey Club Gold Cup.

History pretty much repeated itself the next year. Flatter's half-brother Congrats was only a G2 winner too but managed to sire several G1 horses. And Japanese champion filly Still In Love became the unthreatened star of the crop of 2000, as she won Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown in the Oka Sho, the Yushun Himba, and the Shuka Sho, and lost the Queen Elizabeth II. Commemorative Cup, a former classic race too, only by a nose.

Also, this crop was the last one where Northern Dancer's grandson or granddaughter was able to compete on the top level, thanks to filly Yell, who was a half-sister to Praise, the dam of Congrats and Flatter. Yell ran third in the Kentucky Oaks and later also second in the Mother Goose Stakes. Ten years later she was emulated by Fitful Skies, a daughter of Dubawi out of Northern Dancer's daughter Wajd, who ran second in the E.P. Taylor Stakes G1, but Yell's crop was the last one "in the row", and this is exactly the right place where to slowly end this article.

Families of Northern Dancer's daughters, of course, continued to produce the top class horses. A few more from the third generation deserve to be mention: Giant's Causeway colt Aragorn, who was double G1 winner and second from the Breeders' Cup Mile; the Irish St. Leger winner Septimus by Sadler's Wells; a G1-winning juvenile and G1-producing sire Holy Roman Emperor; Brazilian champion colt Jeune-Turc by Know Heights; the Oaks winners from 2007, Light Shift in Great Britain and Robe Decolette in Japan; the Irish Derby winner Frozen Fire; and a multiple G1 winner and the U.S. champion female sprinter Informed Decision.

Let's only remind that the first Northern Dancer's foals were born in 1966, and the first great-grandsons and great-granddaughters, who were able to compete on the graded level, were born in 1979. Informed Decision won her championship title exactly 40 years later - and 15 years after Chokai Carol won the Yushun Himba as the fourth generation of Northern Dancer's foals. Northern Dancer's sireline is existing in the fifth generation already, and it holds the title of British leading sires for the 27 consecutive years.

So unbelievably large and lasting is the legacy of Northern Dancer.

Factbook

Career notes:

At stud:

Progeny list

1966

Sire
Cool Mood - ch.f. out of Happy Mood by Mahmoud
1. Canadian Oaks; 3. Duchess Stakes. Granddam of Introspective, Key Spirit, With Approval, Izvestia, Daijin, and Nothing Special and Touch Gold.
Dance Act - ch.g. out of Queen's Statue by Le Lavandou
1. Jockey Club Cup Handicap, Dominion Dan Handicap, Seagram Cup Handicap, Durham Cup Stakes, Eclipse Stakes. Canadian champion handicap horse 1970 and 1971.
Drama School - ch.f. out of Stalina by Stalino
1. Star Shoot Stakes, Selene Stakes. Dam of Norcliffe; granddam of Lodge Hill.
Eaglesham - ch.c. out of Pink Velvet by Polynesian
1. Lexington Handicap (G2); 3. Pan American Handicap (G2)
One For All - b.c. out of Quill by Princequillo
1. Sunset Handicap (G1), Pan American Handicap (G2), Canadian International Stakes (G2); 2. Canadian International (G2), Bougainvillea Handicap (G2); 3. Pan American Handicap (G2). Canadian champion turf horse 1970.
Sno Where - ch.f. out of Wonder Where by Occupy
1. Bison City Stakes; 3. Wonder Where Stakes, Maple Leaf Stakes
True North - ch.g. out of Hill Rose by Rosemont
1. Widener Handicap (G1); 2. Futurity Stakes (G1), Vosburgh Handicap (G2); 3. John B. Campbell Handicap (G2)
Viceregal - ch.c. out of Victoria Regina by Menetrier
1. Coronation Futurity, Cup And Saucer Stakes, Summer Stakes, Vandal Stakes. Canadian champion two-year-old, Canadian Horse of the year 1968.

1967

Sire
Fanfreluche - b.f. out of Ciboulette by Chop Chop
1. Natalma Stakes, Princess Elizabeth Stakes, Selene Stakes, Bison City Stakes, Alabama Stakes (G1); 2. Queen's Plate, Mazarine Stakes, Wonder Where Stakes, Canadian Oaks, Spinster Stakes (G1); 3. Gazelle Handicap G2. U.S. champion three-year-old filly, Canadian Horse of the year 1970. Dam of L'Enjoleur, La Voyageuse, Medaille d'Or, D'Accord; granddam of Montelimar, Big Viking, Conserve, Milanova, Soldera and Holy Roman Emperor.
Nijinsky - b.c. out of Flaming Page by Bull Page
1. Dewhurst Stakes, Beresford Stakes, Two Thousand Guineas, Derby Stakes, St. Leger, Irish Derby, King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes; 2. Champion Stakes, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. British Horse of the year 1970.
Swinging Apache - b.c. out of Allegro by Chop Chop
1. Canadian Derby
Vice Regent - ch.c. out of Victoria Regina by Menetrier
Canadian leading sire, Canadian Hall of Fame inductee.

1968

Sire
Aladancer - ch.f. out of Mock Orange by Dedicate
2. Bed o'Roses Handicap G2; 3. Top Flight Handicap G1, Maskette Handicap G2, Diana Handicap G2. Granddam of Eightsome, Dartrey, Run Softly, Salmon Ladder, Wixim, Pico Tenerife
Alma North - b.f. out of Spaws Arrow by Swaps
1. Cotillion Handicap G1, Matchmaker Stakes G1, Black Helen Handicap G2, Vineland Handicap G2; 2. Alabama Stakes G1, Monmouth Oaks G1; 3. Spinster Stakes G1, Monmouth Invitational Handicap G1, Matchmaker Stakes G1, Gazelle Handicap G2, Columbiana Handicap G2, Molly Pitcher Handicap G2
Grand Chaudiere - b.c. out of Lachine by Grey Sovereign
3. Gimcrack Stakes G2, Richmond Stakes G2
Lauries Dancer - b.f. out of It's Ann by Royal Gem
1. Alabama Stakes G1, Delaware Oaks G1, Bison City Stakes, Woodbine Oaks, Maple Leaf Stakes; 3. Mazarine Stakes, Natalma Stakes. Canadian champion three-year-old filly, Canadian Horse of the year 1971.
Minsky - ch.c. out of Flaming Page by Bull Page
1. Beresford Stakes G2; 2. Observer Gold Cup G1; 4. Two Thousand Guineas
Northern Challenge - dkb.c. out of Mindinette by Tantieme
3. Display Stakes
Northfields - ch.c. out of Little Hut by Occupy
1. Louisiana Derby G2; 2. Monmouth Invitational Handicap G1; 3. American Derby G1, Lexington Handicap G2
Sleek Dancer - b.f. out of Victorine by My Babu
Dam of Sharp Belle; granddam of Sir Harry Lewis, Sir Richard Lewis and Cyrano.

1969

sire
Barachois - ch.c. out of Ciboulette by Chop Chop
2. Queen's Plate Stakes; 3. Marine Stakes
Gay Northerner - b.f. out of Miss Kisco by Mr. Busher
1. Muskoka Stakes; 2. Star Shoot Stakes. Dam of Great Substence, Vornorco; granddam of Regal Sanction.
Lyphard - b.c. out of Goofed by Court Martial
1. Prix de la Foret G1, Prix Jacques le Marois G1, Prix Daru G2; 2. Prix du Moulin de Longchamp G1
Nice Dancer - b.c. out of Nice Princess by Le Beau Prince
1. Breeders Stakes, Canadian Maturity Stakes, Dominion Day Handicap, Colonel R.S. McLaughlin Handicap; 2. Eclipse Handicap; 3. Prince of Wales Stakes. Canadian champion three-year-old colt.
Royal Statute - b.f. out of Queen's Statute by Le Lavandou
Dam of Konafa, Akureyri, Awaasif and Royal Lorna; granddam of Proskona, Korveya, Royal Cielo, Snow Bride, Keos, Ibn al Haitham.

1970

Sire
Champagne Charlie - gr.c. out of Shy Dancer by Bolero
2. Gotham Stakes G2
Northern Fling - b.c. out of Impetuous Lady by Hasty Road
2. Tidal Handicap G2

1971

Sire
Northern Gem - ch.f. out of Bamboozle by Alcide
1. Pretty Polly Stakes G2; 2. Irish 1000 Guineas Stakes G1, Champion Stakes G1, Sun Chariot Stakes G2, Prix Eugene Adam G2
Northern Taste - ch.c. out of Lady Victoria by Victoria Park
1. Prix de la Foret G1; 2. Prix du Moulin de Longchamp G1; 3. Prix Eugene Adam G2

1972

Sire
Broadway Dancer - b.f. out of Broadway Melody by Tudor Melody
1. Prix Morny G1; 2. Prix Robert Papin G2; 3. Poule d'Essai des Pouliches G1. Champion 2-year-old filly in France.
Cold Reply - ch.f. out of Respond by Canadian Champ
Dam of Halo Reply; granddam of Halory Hunter, Van Nistelrooy.
Dancer's Countess - b.f. out of Countess Belvane by Ribot
1. Matchmaker Stakes G1, Susquehanna Handicap G2; 3. Fantasy Stakes G2. Dam of Paris Prince.
Nip in the Air - dkb.f. out of China Trade by Swaps
3. Gran Criterium G1. Dam of Little Bighorn.
Northerly - b.c. out of Politely by Amerigo
2. Minuteman Stakes G2, Excelsior Handicap G2; 3. Trenton Handicap G2
Somethingfabulous - dkb.c. out of Somethingroyal by Princequillo
3. Flamingo Stakes G1
Victoria Star - ch.f. out of Solometeor by Victoria Park
Dam of Bucksplasher; granddam of Starry Val, Observatory, High Praise.
Damsire
Countryman - gr.g. by Drone out of Nice And Near
2. Connaught Cup Stakes, Durham Cup Stakes
Dancing Gun - b.g. by Gun Bow out of Dancing Puppet
1. Whitney Handicap G2; 3. Charles H. Strub Stakes G1, Whitney Handicap G2, Michigan Mile And One-Eight Handicap G2
L'Enjoleur - b.c. by Buckpasser out of Fanfreluche
1. Coronation Futurity, Summer Stakes, Cup And Saucer Stakes, Laurel Futurity G1, Prince of Wales Stakes, Queen's Plate Stakes, Colonel R.S. McLaughlin Stakes; 3. Breeders' Stakes. Canadian champion two-year-old and Canadian Horse of the year 1974, Canadian champion three-year-old and Canadian Horse of the year 1975.

1973

Sire
Dance Spell - b.c. out of Obeah by Cyane
1. Jerome Handicap G2, Jamaica Handicap G2, Saranac Stakes G2; 2. Champagne Stakes G1, Woodward Stakes G1, Remsen Stakes G2; 3. Laurel Futurity G1, Travers Stakes G1, Dwyer Stakes G2
Gay Jitterbug - b.g. out of Gay Meeting by Sir Gaylord
2. Hutcheson Stakes; 3. Louisiana Derby G2, Pan American Handicap G2
Laissez Passer - dkb.c. out of Lindenlea by Double Jay
1. Marine Stakes, Canadian Derby; 2. Plate Trial Stakes; 3. Prince of Wales Stakes; 4. Queen's Plate
Leave Me Alone - ch.f. out of Me Next by Rough'n Tumble
2. Queen Charlotte Handicap G2. Dam of Reach the Gold; granddam of Winning Chance.
Damsire
General Ironside - gr.c. by Sea Hawk out of Come Dancing
- 2. Irish St. Leger G1; 3. Great Voltigeur Stakes G2
Kirby Lane - gr.c. by Native Charger out of Dancing Puppet
1. Charles H. Strub Stakes G1, San Fernando Stakes G2; 2. Fall Highweight Handicap G2
Konafa - b.f. by Damascus out of Royal Statute
2. One Thousand Guineas G1. Dam of Proskona, Korveya and Keos.
Norcliffe - br.c. by Buckpasser out of Drama School
1. Coronation Futurity, Queen's Plate Stakes, Prince of Wales' Stakes, Canadian Maturity Stakes, Col. R.S. McLaughlin Handicap; 2. Cup And Saucer Stakes; 3. Summer Stakes. Canadian champion three-year-old colt and Horse of the Year 1976, Canadian champion older male 1977.

1974

Sire
Be My Guest - ch.c. out of What a Treat by Tudor Minstrel
1. Crystal Mile G2; 2. Nijinsky Stakes G2
Dance in Time - b.c. out of Allegro by Chop Chop
1. Breeders' Stakes, Prince of Wales Stakes; 3. Cup And Saucer Stakes. Canadian champion three-year-old colt.
Giboulee - b.c. out of Victory Chant by Victoria Park
1. Coronation Futurity; 2. Flamingo Stakes G1, Massachusetts Handicap G2; 3. Queen's Plate, Prince of Wales Stakes, Cornhusker Handicap G2. Canadian champion handicap horse.
Marinsky - b.c. out of Thong by Nantallah
2. St. James's Palace Stakes G2, July Cup G2 (DQ from first)
Meteor Dancer - b.f. out of Solometeor by Victoria Park
3. Fantasy Stakes G2
Music of Time - ch.g. out of First Feather by First Landing
1. Jim Dandy Stakes, Stuyvesant Handicap; 3. Donald O. Ross Handicap G2
Northern Ballerina - b.f. out of Floral Victory by Victoria Park
1. Seaway Stakes; 2. Canadian Handicap, Whimsical Stakes
Northern Sea - b.f. out of Sea Saga by Sea-Bird
1. Test Stakes; 2. Frizette Stakes G1, Selima Stakes G1, Black Eyed Susan Stakes G2. Dam of Southern Halo; granddam of General Challenge, Notable Career, Snow Dance and Western Hemisphere.
Northernette - b.f. out of South Ocean by New Providence
1. Mazarine Stakes, Selene Stakes, Canadian Oaks G1, Top Flight Handicap G1, Apple Blossom Handicap G2; 2. Queen's Plate, Bison City Stakes, Princess Elizabeth Stakes, Spinster Stakes G1, Firenze Handicap G2, Black Helen Handicap G2. Canadian champion two-year-old filly, Canadian champion three-year-old filly. Dam of Gold Crest, Scoot; granddam of Tosho Knight.
The Minstrel - ch.c. out of Fleur by Victoria Park
1. Dewhurst Stakes G1, Derby Stakes G1, Irish Derby G1, King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes G1; 2. Irish 2000 Guineas G1; 3. Two Thousand Guineas G1. British Horse of the year 1977.
Damsire
Welsh Dancer - br.c. by Welsh Pageant out of Come Dancing
2. John Porter Stakes G2

1975

Sire
La Dorga - ch.f. out of Directoire by Gun Bow
3. Prix de Malleret G2. Granddam of Spring Star.
Northern Meteor - dkb.f. out of Patelin by Cornish Prince
Dam of A Phenomenon, Seattle Meteor; granddam of Full Stage, Pleasant Stage, Colonial Play, Star of Broadway, Demeteor and Meteore.
Robin's Song - dkb.c. out of Little Red Robin by Ribot
3. Lawrence Realization Stakes G2
Try My Best - b.c. out of Sex Appeal by Buckpasser
1. Dewhurst Stakes G1. Champion two-year-old colt in Great Britain and Ireland.
White Star Line - b.f. out of Fast Line by Mr. Busher
1. Kentucky Oaks G1, Alabama Stakes G1, Delaware Oaks G1; 3. Acorn Stakes G1; 4. American Oaks G1, Mother Goose Stakes G1, Firenze Handicap G2. Dam of Whitehaven, Titanic, White Star; granddam of Valley of Gold, Preseli, Snowfire, Dublin, Dream Play and Harland.
Damire
Gallant Dancer - b.c. by Gallant Man out of Odoriko
1. Asahi Hai Sansai Stakes
L'Alezane - ch.f. by Dr. Fager out of Northern Willow
1. Princess Elizabeth Stakes, Selene Stakes G1, Alcibiades Stakes G2; 2. Selima Stakes G1, Woodbine Oaks G1; 3. Queen's Plate Stakes. Canadian champion two-year-old filly, Canadian Horse of the year 1977.
La Voyageuse - dkb.f. by Tentam out of Fanfreluche
1. Woodbine Oaks, Bison City Stakes, Ontario Matron Handicap - 2x, Ontario Fashion Handicap - 2x, Nearctic Stakes, Canadian Stakes, Seaway Stakes; 2, Duchess Stakes, Canadian Handicap, Seaway Stakes, Whimsical Stakes. Canadian champion three-year-old filly, Canadian champion handicap mare 1979, Canadian champion sprinter 1980. Dam of Time Bandit
Poison Ivory - b.c. by Sir Ivor out of Dorothy Glynn
3. Sword Dancer Invitational Stakes
Sharp Belle - gr.f. by Native Charger out of Sleek Dancer
1. Monmouth Oaks G1; 3. Cotillion Stakes G2

1976

Sire
Countess North - ch.f. out of Impetuous Lady by Hasty Road
3. Ashland Stakes G2. Dam of Westheimer; granddam of Informed Decision.
Dancing Doris - b.f. out of Doris White by Black Beard
2. Mazarine BC Stakes G1; 3. Star Shoot Stakes, Maple Leaf Stakes. Dam of Val Dansant, Term Limits.
Double Deceit - dkb.f. out of Double Agent by Double Jay
2. A Gleam Handicap G2
Fabulous Dancer - b.c. out of Last of the Line by The Axe
3. Gran Premio del Jockey Club Italiano G1; 2. Prix Niel
Feu d'Artifice - ch.f. out of Quadrillion by Quadrangle
1. Ontario Colleen Handicap; 2. Muskoka Stakes, Ontario Damsel Stakes, Woodbine Oaks, Wonder Where Stakes; 3. Selene Stakes, Duchess Stakes
Imperial Fling - b.c. out of Royal Dilemma by Buckpasser
2. Grosser Hertie-Preis G2; 3. Champagne Stakes G2
Northern Baby - b.c. out of Two Rings by Round Table
1. Champion Stakes G1, Prix Dollar G2; 3. Derby Stakes G1, Eclipse Stakes G1
Salpinx - b.f. out of Suprina by Vaguely Noble
1. Prix du Conseil de Paris G2; 2. Prix Vermeille G1; 3. Prix Saint-Alary G1, Prix d'Astarte G2, Prix de Malleret G2. Dam of Synefos and Zalazl; granddam of Sahara Slew.
Six Months Long - dkb.f. out of Prime Time by Eight Thirty
Dam of Half a Year, Winning Pact; granddam of Really Happy, Event of the Year.
Damsire
Hey Babe - dkb.f. by Roberto out of Icy Blast
2. Flower Bowl Handicap G2. Dam of Icy Groom
Medaille d'Or - ch.c. by Secretariat out of Fanfreluche
1. Coronation Futurity; 2. Clarendon Stakes, Cup And Saucer Stakes; 3. Summer Stakes, Colin Stakes. Canadian champion two-year-old colt.
Northern Prospect - b.c. by Mr. Prospector out of Sleek Dancer
3. True North Handicap, Hutcheson Stakes

1977

Sire
Danzig - b.c. out of Pas de Nom by Admiral's Voyage
Exceptional sire.
Disconiz - b.f. out of Codorniz by Cockrullah
1. Princess Stakes G2; 3. Hollywood Oaks G1. Dam of Digamist.
Magesterial - b.c. out of Courting Days by Bold Lad
1. Blandford Stakes G2, Curragh International Stakes g2; 2. Ballymoss Stakes G2; 3. Prince of Wales Stakes G2
North Pole - ch.c. out of Canalu by Canadian Champ
3. Connaught Cup Stakes
Norwegian - ch.c. out of Tamalesian by Tatan
2. Premio Vittorio di Capua G2
Nureyev - b.c. out of Special by Forli
1. Prix Thomas Bryon G3; DQ winner of Two Thousand Guineas G1. Prominent sire.
Swift Bird - b.f. out of Flood Light by Bold Lad
3. Milady Handicap G2
Damsire
Bucksplasher - ch.c. by Buckpasser out of Victoria Star
3. Gotham Stakes G2
Lady Roberta - b.f. by Roberto out of Farouche
2. Princess Stakes G2
Leading Witness - b.f. by Mr. Leader out of Friendly Witness
1. Wonder Where Stakes; 2. Mazarine Stakes (2nd div.), Natalma Stakes (2nd div.); 3. Maple Leaf Stakes

1978

Sire
Cresta Rider - br.c. out of Thoroly Blue by Blue Prince
1. Criterium de Maisons-Laffitte G2, Prix Jean Prat G2; 3. Poule d'Essai des Poulains G1, Prix d'Ispahan G1
Dance Bid - b.c. out of Highest Trump by Bold Bidder
2. Premio Federico Tesio G2, Curragh International Stakes G2; 3. Irish Derby G1, Blandford Stakes G2
Dance Review - b.f. out of Dumfries by Reviewer
Dam of No Review, Dance Colony, Another Review; granddam of Big Prairie, Promenade Girl, Dance City and Sparkling Review.
Discorama - b.f. out of Obeah by Cyane
1. Gazelle Handicap G2; 2. Ladies Handicap G1; 3. Alabama Stakes G1, Top Flight Handicap G1, Test Stakes G2
Storm Bird - b.c. out of South Ocean by New Providence
1. Dewhurst Stakes G1, National Stakes G2. British champion two-year-old.
Damsire
Akureyri - b.c. by Buckpasser out of Royal Statute
2. Florida Derby G1, Cowdin Stakes G2; 3. Remsen Stakes G2
Cool Tanja - c. by Ruritania out of Canadian Ballet
3. King Edward Gold Cup G2 (2nd div.), Connaught Cup Stakes (2nd div), Seagram Cup Stakes
Great Substence - dkb.c. by Pretense out of Gay Northerner
2. Premio Federico Tesio G2
Johnny Dance - ch.c. by Stage Door Johnny out of Witch Dance
2. Stars And Stripes Handicap G2, Bowling Green Handicap G2; 3. Rothmans International
Real Prize - ch.f. by Torsion out of Cold Trick
2. Coaching Club American Oaks G1; 3. Black-Eyed Susan Stakes G2
Rixe - ch.f. by Brigadier Gerard out of Rapid Item
2. Prix de l'Opera G2
Ruler's Dancer - ch.f. by Irish Ruler out of Barb's Dancer
3. Prioress Stakes
Sue Babe - b.f. by Mr. Prospector out of Sleek Dancer
2. Sorority Stakes G1. Dam of Sir Harry Lews, Sir Richard Lewis and Cyrano.

1979

Sire
Dance Number - b.f. out of Numbered Account by Buckpasser
1. Beldame Stakes G1, Shuvee Handicap G2; 2. Spinster Stakes G1, Hempstead Handicap G2; 3. Top Flight Handicap G1, Molly Pitcher Handicap G2. Dam of Rhythm, Get Lucky, Offbeat and Not For Love. Granddam of Mutakddim, Smooth Charmer, Accelerator, Supercharger, Daydreaming and Girolamo.
Larida - ch.f. out of Kittiwake by Sea-Bird
1. Orchid Handicap G2 (2nd div.); 2. Demoiselle Stakes G1, Diana Handicap G2. Dam of Magic of Life, Brave Tender; granddam of El Ballezano, Enthused.
Rose Red - b.f. out of Cambrienne by Sicambre
Dam of Zind; granddam of Archway, Dr. Devious, Shinko King, Royal Court, Hill Country and Summerland.
Woodstream - ch.f. out of Rule Formi by Forli
1. Cheveley Park Stakes G1, Moyglare Stud Stakes G1; 2. Irish 1000 Guineas G1
Damsire
Alofje - b.f. by Lord Durham out of Canadian Ballet
2. Ontario Damsel Stakes; 3. Muskoka Stakes
Awaasif - b.f. by Snow Knight out of Royal Statute
1. Yorkshire Oaks G1, Gran Premio del Jockey Club Italiano G1; 3. Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe G1; 4. Oaks Stakes, King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes; 5. Washington D.C. International. Dam of Snow Bride, granddam of Lammtarra.
D'Accord - b.c. by Secretariat out of Fanfreluche
1. Breeders' Futurity Stakes G2
Maniches - b.f. by Val de l'Orne out of Shahadish
2. Arlington-Washington Lassie Stakes G1
Northern Majesty - b.c. by His Majesty out of Misukaw
3. American Derby G1
Snowy Dancer - b.f. by Snow Knight out of Aquatic Belle
1. La Prevoyante Stakes; 2. Canadian Handicap (2nd div.); 3. Ontario Colleen Stakes (2nd div.)
Third sire
Earthquack - b.c. by Quack x Fleet Nasrullah
3. Longacres Mile G2

1980

sire
Danzatore - br.c. out of Shake a Leg by Raise a Native
1. Beresford Stakes G2. Irish champion two-year-old.
Dixieland Band - b.c. out of Mississippi Mud by Delta Judge
1. Pennsylvania Derby G2, Massachusetts Handicap G2
Eskimo - b.c. out of Dr. Mary Lou by Dr. Fager
2. Forego Handicap G2; 3. Red Smith Stakes G2
Glenstal - b.c. out of Cloonlara by Sir Ivor
1. National Stakes G2
Hero's Honor - b.c. out of Glowing Tribute by Graustark
1. Bowling Green Handicap G1, United Nations Handicap G1, Red Smith Handicap G2
Lomond - b.c. out of My Charmer by Poker
1. Two Thousand Guineas G1; 2. Irish 2000 Guineas G1; 3. National Stakes G2
Magdalena - ch.f. out of Madelia by Caro
3. Coronation Stakes G2
Northern Fashion - b.c. out of Fashionable Trick by Buckpasser
2. Bougainvillea Handicap G2
Salmon Leap - ch.c. out of Fish-Bar by Baldric
1. Nijinsky Stakes G2
Shareef Dancer - b.c. out of Sweet Alliance by Sir Ivor
1. Irish Derby G1, King Edward VII. Stakes G2.
Spit Curl - b.f. out of Coiffure by Sir Gaylord
1. Alabama Stakes G1; 2. Coaching Club American Oaks G1; 3. Diana Handicap G2. Granddam of Maruka Phoenix.
Sulemeif - ch.f. out of Barely Even by Creme dela Creme
3. Orchid Handicap G2. Dam of Withallprobability; granddam of With Ability, Still In Love, Robe Decollete, Gemologist.
Damsire
A Phenomenon - b.c. by Tentam out of Northern Meteor
1. Vosburgh Stakes G1, Jerome Handicap G2; 2. Metropolitan Handicap G1, Tom Fool Stakes G2; 3. Carter Handicap G2
Eillo - ch.c. by Mr. Prospector out of Barb's Dancer
1. Breeders' Cup Sprint G1
Falling Star - ch.f. by Mount Hagen out of Free French
2. Prix d'Astarte G2
Halo Reply - ch.f. by Halo out of Cold Reply
1. Muskoka Stakes, Ontario Colleen Stakes; 2. Princess Elizabeth Stakes; 3. Wonder Where Stakes
It's Fine - b.f. by Sham out of Finely
1. Long Look Handicap G2; 2. Firenze Handicap G2
Northern Blossom - ch.f. by Snow Knight out of Victorian Heiress
1. Bison City Stakes, Wonder Where Stakes, Ontario Colleen Stakes, Nassau Stakes G2; 2. Canadian Stakes (2nd div). Canadian champion three-year-old filly. Dam of Jape.
Paris Prince - ch.c. by Exclusive Native out of Dancer's Countess
1. California Derby G2; 3. San Fernando Stakes G1
Potentiate - ch.c. by Foolish Pleasure out of Victoria Star
2. Dwyer Stakes G2
Val du Nord - b.c. by Val de l'Orne out of Nordic Salute
2. Breeders' Stakes
Valuable Witness -b.g. by Val de l'Orne out of Friendly Witness
3. Prix Royal Oak G1

1981

Sire
Ballet de France - br.f. out of Fabulous Native by Le Fabuleux
Dam of Muhtarram; granddam of Final Round, Communique, Omaticaya.
El Gran Senor - b.c. out of Sex Appeal by Buckpasser
1. Dewhurst Stakes G1, Two Thousand Guineas G1, Irish Derby G1, National Stakes G2; 2. Derby Stakes G1. European champion two-year-old colt, European champion three-year-old colt.
Northern Trick - ch.f. out of Trick Chick by Prince John
1. Prix de Diane G1, Prix Vermeille G1; 2. Prix Saint Alary G1, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe G1. French champion three-year-old filly. Granddam of Limnos, Shiva, Jeune-Turc, Light Shift, Hyades.
Pacificus - b.f. out of Pacific Princess by Damascus
Dam of Biwa Hayahide, Narita Brian; granddam of Last Impact.
Pink - b.c. out of Pink Valley by Never Bend
1. Prix du Muguet G2; 2. Prix Dollar G2
Sadler's Wells - b.c. out of Fairy Brigde by Bold Reason
1. Irish 2000 Guineas G1, Eclipse Stakes G1, Champion Stake G1, Beresford Stakes G2, Derby Trial Stakes G2; 2. Prix du Jockey Club G1, King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes G1
Secreto - b.c. out of Betty's Secret by Secretariat
1. Derby Stakes G1; 3. Irish 2000 Guineas G1
South Sea Dancer - b.f. out of South Ocean by New Providence
Dam of Signal Tap; granddam of Kathleen's Reel, Cool Coal Man.
Wild Applause - b.f. out of Glowing Tribute by Graustark
1. Diana Handicap G2; 2. Test Stakes G2; 3. Mother Goose Stakes G1. Dam of Eastern Echo, Roar, Yell; granddam of Flatter, Congrats.
Damsire
Cool - b.c. by Bold Bidder ouf of Star in the North
1. Manhattan Handicap G1; 3. United Nations Handicap G1
Cool Northerner - b.c. by Dom Alaric out of Imperturbable Lady
1. Seagram Cup Stakes, Eclipse Stakes; 2. Breeders' Stakes, Prince of Wales Stakes, Jockey Club Cup Handicap, Durham Cup Stakes, King Edward Gold Cup Handicap; 3. Seagram Cup Stakes
Mr. Le Mans - dkb.c. by Intermezzo out of Crazy Kilts
1. Meguro Kinen G2; 3. America Jockey Club Cup G2
Royal Lorna - b.f. by Val de l'Orne out of Royal Statute
2. Premio Lydia Tesio G1
Southern Arrow - dkb.c. by Smarten out of Northern Lake
1. Premio Parioli G1
Val Dansant - b.c. by Val de l'Orne out of Dancing Doris
1. Prince of wales' Stakes, 2. Eclipse Stakes G2
Vornorco - ch.c. by Vaguely Noble out of Gay Northerner
3. New Orleans Handicap G2
Westheimer - ch.c. by Blushing Groom out of Countess North
1. New Orleans Handicap G2
Third sire
Introspective - dkb.g. by Kennedy Road x Personality - Cool Mood
2. Razorback Handicap G2; 3. Kind Edward Gold Cup G2 (2nd div.)
Montelimar - b.c. by Alleged x Le Fabuleux - Fanfreluche
1. Gallinule Stakes G2; 2. Tattersalls Gold Cup G2
Proskona - b.f. by Mr. Prospector x Damascus - Royal Statute
1. Premio Umbria G2

1982

Sire
Antheus - b.c. out of Apachee by Sir Gaylord
1. Gran Premio del Jockey Club Italiano G1; 3. Prix Maurice de Nieuil G2
Danseur Fabuleux - b.f. out of Fabuleux Jane by Le Fabuleux
Dam of Arazi, Noverre.
Glamorous Dancer - b.f. out of Noble Fancy by Vaguely Noble
2. Maple Leaf Stakes; 3. Wonder Where Stakes
Herat - b.c. out of Kashan by Damascus
1. New Orleans Handicap G2; 2. Hollywood Derby G1, Santa Anita Handicap G1
Northern Aspen - b.f. out of Fall Aspen by Pretense
1. Gamely Handicap G1, Prix d'Astarte G2; 2. Santa Ana Handicap G1, Santa Barbara Handicap G1
Northern Walker - b.f. out of Hooplah by Hillary
2. Prix de la Salamandre G1. Dam of Passagere du Soir.
Savannah Dancer - dkb.f. out of Valoris by Tiziano
1. Del Mar Oaks G2; 2. Hollywood Derby G1 (2nd div.). Dam of Sha Tha; granddam of One Cool Cat, Aragorn.
Damsire
Again Tomorrow - b.c. by Honest Pleasure out of Falafel
1. Premio Parioli G1
Gold Crest - br.c. by Mr. Prospector out of Northernette
1. Beresford Stakes G2
Pirate's Glow - b.f. by Pirate's Bounty out of Radiant Glow
2. Oak Leaf Stakes G1, Del Mar Debutante G1
Synefos - b.c. by Irish River out of Salpinx
3. Poule d'Essai des Poulains G1

1983

Sire
Glow - dkb.c. out of Glisk by Buckpasser
1. Saranac Stakes G2; 2. Arlington Classic G1, Secretariat Stakes G1, Lexington Stakes G2; 3. Everglades Handicap G2, Pennsylvania Derby G2
Northern Eternity - b.f. out of Hopespringseternal by Buckpasser
2. Lowther Stakes G2. Dam of Eternity Star, Eternal Reve, Eternity Range; granddam of Royal F.J..
Tate Gallery - b.c. out of Fairy Bridge by Bold Reason
1. National Stakes G2
Damsire
Playlist - b.f. by Miswaki out of Night Light
1. Woodbine Oaks G1, Bison City Stakes, Star Shoot Stakes; 2. Ontario Matron Handicap, Woodbine Budweiser BC Handicap; 3. Selene Stakes G2
Raja's Revenge - b.c. by Raja Baba out of Look North
2. Hucheson Stakes G2
Scoot - dkb.f. by Mr. Prospector out of Northernette
1. Flower Bowl Handicap G1
Southern Halo - b.c. by Halo out of Northern Sea
2. Super Derby G1, Swaps Stakes G1, Silver Scrreen Handicap G2
Third sire
Icy Groom - ch.c. by Blushing Groom x Roberto
2. Santa Anita Derby G1
Madam Treasurer - b.f. by Key to the Mint x Halo
1. Muskoka Stakes; 2. Princess Elizabeth Stakes; 3. Woodbine Oaks

1984

Sire
Ajdal -b.c. out of Native Partner by Raise a Native
1. Dewhurst Stakes G1, Sprint Championship G1, July Cup G1, Sprint Cup G2. British champion sprinter 1987.
Alwasmi - b.c. out of Height of Fashion by Bustino
2. Jockey Club Stakes G2, Tidal Handicap G2
Chapel of Dreams - ch.f. out of Terlingua by Secretariat
1. Palomar Handicap G2, Wilshire Handicap G2; Ramona Handicap G1, Gamely BC Handicap G1, 2. Del Mar Oaks G2; 3. Beverly Hills Handicap G1. Granddam of Postponed, Crowded House and Tale of a Champion.
Rambo Dancer - b.c. out of Fair Arabella by Chateaugay
1. Red Smith Handicap G2
Damsire
Debo - b.f. by Plugged Nickle out of Lesley's A Dancer
1. Classico Alejandro Herrero G2; 2. Clasico Roberto Clemente G2
Emily's Charm - b.f. by Dom Alaric out of Slight Deception
3. Selene Stakes G1, Princess Elizabeth Stakes, Muskoka Stakes
Half a Year - ch.c. by Riverman out of Six Months Long
1. St. James Palace Stakes G2
Mountain Kingdom - b.c. by Exceller out of Star in the North
1. Yorkshire Cup G2; 2. St. Leger G1, Jockey Club Stakes G2; 3. Princess of Wales's Stakes G2, Geoffrey Freer Stakes G2
Street Party - b.c. by Val de l'Orne out of Eastern Prancer
3. Breeders' Stakes, Colorel R.S. McLaughlin Stakes
Third sire
Buryyourbelief - b.f. by Believe It x Tom Rolfe
1. Kentucky Oaks G1; 2. Ashland Stakes G1, Santa Anita Oaks G1
Mode Classique - b.f. by Top Ville x Ashmore
3. Prix de Pomone G2
Royal Cielo - b.f. by Conquistador Cielo x Dr. Fager - Royal Statute
2. Arlington Matron Handicap G2
Sir Harry Lewis - b.c. by Alleged x Mr. Prospector - Sleek Dancer
1. Irish Derby G1; 3. International Stakes G1, Rothmans International Stakes G1

1985

Sire
Armeria - b.f. out of Frontonian by Buckpasser
Dam of Armiger, Besiege; granddam of Law Enforcement.
Fairy Gold - b.f. out of Fairy Bridge by Bold Reason
2. Moyglare Stud Stakes G1; 3. Phoenix Stakes G1
Nabeel Dancer - b.c. out of Prayers'n Promises by Foolish Pleasure
3. Prix de l'Abbaye de Longchamp
Unfuwain - b.c. out of Height of Fashion by Bustino
1. Princess of Wales's Stakes G2, Jockey Club Stakes G2; 2. King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes G1
Damsire
Digamist - ch.c. by Blushing Groom out of Disconiz
1. Phoenix Stakes G1
Haiati - ch.f. by Alydar out of Northern Fable
2. Fillies Mile G2, Johnny Walker Black Classic G2, Distaff Handicap G2. Dam of Blue Burner.
Little Bighorn - b.c. by Blakeney out of Nip in the Air
3. Derby Trial Stakes G2; 4. Irish Derby G1
Magic of Life - dkb.f. by Seattle Slew out of Larida
1. Coronation Stakes G1, Mill Reef Stakes G2. Dam of Enthused.
No Review - ch.f. by Nodouble out of Dance Review
1. Santa Barbara Handicap G1, San Gorgonio Handicap G2; 2. Las Palmas Handicap G2 - 2x; 3. Yellow Ribbon Stakes G1, Santa Margarita Invitational Handicap G1, Beverly Hills Handicap G1, Del Mar Handicap G2
Ravinella - b.f. by Mr. Prospector out of Really Lucky
1. Cheveley Park Stakes G1, One Thousand Guineas G1, Poule d'Essai des Pouliches G1; 2. Matchmaker Stakes G2, Black Helen Handicap G2; 3. Coronation Stakes G1, Gamely Handicap G1. European top-rated two-year-old filly.
Roberto's Dancer - dkb.c. by Roberto out of Witch Dance
3. Will Rogers Handicap G2, Cinema Handicap G2, Del Mar Derby G2, San Luis Obispo Handicap G2
Tap Your Toes - ch.f. by State Dinner out of Leslyey's A Dancer
2. Demoiselle Stakes G1, Frizette Stakes G1, Astarita Stakes G2. Dam of Man of Purser.
Third sire
Air Worthy - dkb.g. by Air Forbes Won x Sham
2. Grey Stakes, Fayette Handicap G2
Dance Teacher - b.f. by Smarten x Tentam
1. Ladies Handicap G1
Flying Victor - ch.c. by Flying Paster x Sir Ivor
2. San Rafael Stakes G2; 4. Breeders' Cup Juvenile G1
Oraibi - ch.c. by Forli out of Dancing Liz
1. Malibu Stakes G2; 2. San Carlos Handicap G2
Welkin - b.c. by Vaguely Noble x Alleged
3. Grand Prix de Paris

1986

Sire
Carya - ch.f. out of Autumn Glory by Graustark
Dam of Ryafan, Epicentre; granddam of Phantom Wind.
Diana Dance - ch.f. out of Deceit by Prince John
2. Schwarzgold Rennen G2; 3. Preis der Diana G2
Dokki - b.f. out of Alluvial by Buckpasser
Dam of Sleep Easy, Aptitude; granddam of Harbour Master.
Fabula Dancer - ch.f. out of Fair Rosalind by Exclusive Native
Dam of Flamingo Road; granddam of Flamingo Fantasy, Frozen Fire, Feuerblitz.
Local Talent - dkb.c. out of Home Love by Vaguely Noble
1. Prix Jean Prat G1
Marsha's Dancer - b.f. out of Ivorlanche by Sir Ivor
3. San Gorgonio Handicap G2
Warrshan - b.c. out of Secret Asset by Graustark
3. Great Voltigeur Stakes G2
Damsire
Belle Chanson - ch.f. by Biscay out of Belle Marais
1. Australian Oaks G1
Crown Silver - gr.f. by Spectacular Bid out of Gold Treasure
3. Selene Stakes (2nd div.)
Legal Case - b.c. by Alleged out of Maryinsky
1. Champion Stakes G1, Premio Roma G1; 3. Premio Roma G1
Natala - f. by Gentleman Gene out of Jersey Dancer
3. Johnny Walker Black Classic G2
Norquestor - dkb.c. by Conquistador Cielo out of Linda North
1. Pegasus Handicap G1; 2. Meadowlands Cup Handicap G1
Relief Pitcher - b.c. by Welsh Term out of Bases Loaded
2. Prince of Wales's Stakes G2
Seattle Meteor - b.f. by Seattle Slew out of Northern Meteor
1. Spinaway Stakes G1; 2. Matron Stakes G1, Bonnie Miss Stakes G1; 3. Alcibiades Stakes G2
Tokatee - b.c. by Seattle Slew out of Misukaw
1. Razorback Handicap; 3. Col. F.W. Koester Handicap G2
Tursanah - dkb.f. by Roberto out of Farouche
2. Blandford Stakes
Zalazl - b.c. by Roberto out of Salpinx
1. Great Voltigeur Stakes G2; 2. Futurity Stakes G1; 3. Dante Stakes G2
Third sire
Full Stage - b.c. by Full Partner x Stage Door Johnny - Northern Meteor
1. Copa George Washington G2; 2. Clasico Dia de Reyes G1
Key Spirit - ch.g. by Key to the Mint x Personality - Cool Mood
2. Toronto Budweiser BC Handicap G2
King Roberto - b.c. by Spectacular Bid x Roberto
3. Vandal Stakes, Clarendon Stakes
Snow Bride - ch.f. by Blushing Groom x Snow Knight - Royal Statute
1. Oaks Stakes G1; 4. Prix Vermeille G1
With Approval - gr.c. by Caro x Buckpasser - Cool Mood
1. Queen's Plate, Prince of Wales Stakes, Breeders' Stakes, Marine Stakes, Tidal Handicap G2, Bowling Green Handicap G2; 2. Breeders' Cup Turf G1, Arlington Million Stakes G1, Sword Dancer Handicap G1; 3. Turf Classic Invitational Stakes G1. Canadian Triple Crown winner, Canadian champion three-year-old and Canadian Horse of the year 1989.

1987

Sire
Antisaar - b.c. out of Detroit by Riverman
1. Prix Guillaume d'Ornano G2; 2. Prix Niel G2
Razeen - b.c. out of Secret Asset by Graustark
3. Sunset Handicap G2, Inglewood Handicap G2
Wajd - ch.f. out of Dahlia by Vaguely Noble
1. Grand Prix d'Evry G2; 3. Yorkshire Oaks G1, Grosser Preis von Baden G1, Prix Royal Oak G1, Prix de Royallieu G2. Dam of Nedawi, Wajina and Fitful Skies.
Damsire
Dance Colony - b.f. by Pleasant Colony out of Dance Review
1. Astarita Stakes G2, Adirondack Stakes G2; 2. Gazelle Handicap G1, Louisville BC Handicap G2; 3. Frizette Stakes G1, Churchill Downs BC Handicap G2
Passagere du Soir - b.f. by Rainbow Quest out of Northern Walker
1. Tidal Handicap G2, Gulfstream Park BC Handicap G2
Qathif - dkb.f. by Riverman out of Al Bayan
1. Sunset Handicap G2; 2. Del Mar Invitational Handicap G2; 3. Racing Post Trophy G1
Rhythm - b.c. by Mr. Prospector out of Dance Number
1. Breeders' Cup Juvenile G1, Travers Stakes G1; 2. Champagne Stakes G1, Dwyer Stakes G2; 3. Haskell Invitational Stakes G1, Woodward Handicap G1. U.S. champion two-year-old colt.
Routilante - dkb.f. by Rousillon out of Danseuse Classique
2. Lowther Stakes G2
Whitehaven - b.f. by Top Ville out of White Star Line
2. Prix de Malleret G2
Third sire
Cool Gold Mood - b.c. by Premier Ministre x Blushing Groom
2. San Luis Obispo Handicap G2
Eightsome - ch.c. by Sharpen Up x Mr. Prospector - Aladancer
3. Prix Guillaume d'Ornano G2
Izvestia - gr.c. by Icecapade x Personality - Cool Mood
1. Queen's Plate, Prince of Wales Stakes, Breeders' Stakes, Woodbine Mile, Canadian Turf Handicap G2; 3. Jockey Club Gold Cup G1, Arlington Handicap G2. Canadian Triple Crown winner, Canadian champion three-year-old and Canadian Horse of the Year 1990.
Mama Simba - b.f. by Mamaison x Tom Rolfe
3. Santa Monica Handicap G1
Premier Question - b.f. by Premiership x Tentam
1. Duchess Stakes, Canadian Handicap G2; 3. Whimsical Stakes
Sir Richard Lewis - b.c. by Carr de Naskra x Mr. Prospector - Sleek Dancer
2. Hopeful Stakes G1; 3. Travers Stakes G1

1988

Damsire
Another Review - ch.c. by Buckaroo out of Dance Review
1. Californian Stakes G1, San Bernardino Handicap G2, Mervyn LeRoy Handicap G2; 3. Hollywood Gold Cup Handicap
Eastern Echo - b.c. by Damascus out of Wild Applause
1. Futurity Stakes G1
Eternity Star - br.c. by Majestic Light out of Northern Eternity
1. Hollywood Derby G1, Del Mar Derby G2
Get Lucky - b.f. by Mr. Prospector out of Dance Number
3. Post Deb Stakes G2
Majesterian - dkb.c. by Pleasant Colony out of Linda North
3. Fayette Stakes G2, Molson Export Million G2
Masake - b.f. by Master Willie out of Northern Lake
1. Hollywood Oaks G1; 3. Natalma Stakes (2nd div.)
Sha Tha - dkb.f. by Mr. Prospector out of Savannah Dancer
1. All Along Stakes G2; 2. Poule d'Essai des Pouliches G1; 3. Prix Marcel Boussac G1
Time For Lightning - b.c. by Majestic Light out of Grey Norther
3. Tidal Handicap G2
Withallprobability - b.f. by Mr. Prospector out of Sulemeif
1. Bonnie Miss Stakes G2, Forward Gal Stakes G2; 2. Kentucky Oaks G1, Fantasy Stakes G2; 3. First Flight Handicap G2, Distaff Handicap G2. Dam of With Ability.
Third sire
Archway - ch.c. by Thatching x Alleged - Rose Red
3. King's Stand Stakes G2
Dartrey - b.f. by Darshaan x Secretariat - Aladancer
2. Sun Chariot Stakes
John's Decision - dkb.f. by John Alden x Mo Bay
1. Black Eyed-Susan Stakes G2

1989

Damsire
Arazi - ch.c. by Blushing Groom out of Danseur Fabuleux
1. Grand Criterium G1, Prix Morny G1, Prix de la Salamandre G1, Breeders' Cup Juvenile G1, Prix Robert Papin G2. European and U.S. champion two-year-old colt, European Horse of the year 1991.
Brief Truce - b.c. by Irish River out of Falafel
1. St. James's Palace Stakes G1, Gallinule Stakes G2; 2. Queen Elizabeth II. Stakes G1, Prix du Moulin de Longchamp G1; 3. Irish 2000 Guineas G1, Breeders' Cup Mile G1, Shoemaker BC Mile Stakes G2
Daros - b.g. by Damister out of Tikanova
1. Del Mar Derby G2; 3. Clement L. Hirsch Memorial Turf Championship G1
Muhtarram - b.c. by Alleged out of Ballet de France
1. Irish Champion Stakes G1, Premio Presidente della Repubblica G1, Prince of Wales's Stakes G2 - 2x; 2. Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud G1, Prix d'Ispahan G1, Juddmonte International Stakes G1; 3. Champion Stakes G1, Arlington Million Stakes G1
Offbeat - b.c. by Fappiano out of Dance Number
2. Gulfstream Park Handicap G1, Remsen Stakes G2, Jamaica Handicap G2; 3. Cowdin Stakes G2
Vivano - dkb.f. by Island Whirl out of Fiddlesticks
2. Frizette Stakes G1, Gazelle Handicap G1, Rare Perfume Stakes G2; 3. Matron Stakes G1, Beldame Stakes G1, Shuvee Handicap G1

Third sire
Daiichi Joyful - ch.c. by Real Shadai x Faberge
3. Kyoto Kinen G2
Dr. Devious - ch.c. by Ahonoora x Alleged - Rose Red
1. Dewhurst Stakes G1, Derby Stakes G1, Champion Stakes G1; 2. Irish Derby G1; 4. International Stakes G1, Breeders' Cup Turf G1
Jape - b.c. by Alleged x Snow Knight
1. Premio Guido Berardelli G2
Overtime Victory - dkb.g. by Knight's Choice x Silent Screen
2. British Columbia Derby G2
Pleasant Stage - b.f. by Pleasant Colony x Stage Door Johnny - Northern Meteor
1. Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies G1, Oak Leaf Stakes G2; 2. Kentucky Oaks G1, Acorn Stakes G1; 3. Coaching Club American Oaks G1.U.S. champion two-year-old filly.
Starry Val - b.f. by Val de l'Orne x Stage Door Johnny - Victoria Star
2. Maple Leaf Stakes; 3. Wonder Where Stakes, Maple Leaf Stakes, Delaware Handicap
The Name's Jimmy - ch.c. by Encino x Grey Dawn
1. American Derby G2; 3. San Luis Obispo Handicap G2
Vying Victor - b.c. by Flying Paster x Sir Ivor
2. Jim Beam Stakes G2; 3. Woodbine Mile G1

1990

Damsire
Armiger - ch.c. by Rainbow Quest out of Armeria
1. Racing Post Trophy G1; 2. Prix Lupin G1, St. Leger Stakes G1
Biwa Hayahide - gr.c. by Sharrood out of Pacificus
1. Kikuka Sho G1, Tenno Sho (Spring) G1, Takarazuka Kinen G1, Daily Hai Sansai Stakes G2, Kobe Shimbun Hai G2, Kyoto Kinen G2; 2. Asahi Hai Sansai Stakes G1, Tokyo Yushun G1, Arima Kinen G1. Japanese champion three year old colt and Horse of the year 1993, Japanese champion older horse 1994.
Newton's Law - dkb.c. by Law Society out of Catopetl
3. American Derby G2
Pleasant Tango - dkb.c. by Pleasant Colony out of Dancer's Saga
2. Stephen Foster Handicap G2; 3. Goodwood Handicap G2, San Fernando BC Handicap G2
Reach the Gold - ch.c. by Slew o'Gold out of Leave Me Alone
2. Coronation Futurity, Marine Stakes; 3. Grey Stakes
Vega - b.f. by Tony Bin out of Antique Value
1. Oka Sho G1, Yushun Himba G1; 3. Queen Elizabeth Commemorative Cup G1. Japanese champion three-year-old filly. Dam of Admire Vega, Admire Boss, Admire Don.
Zind - b.c. by Law Society out of Rose Red
3. Racing Post Trophy G1
Third sire
Antique Auction - dkb.f. by Geiger Counter x Irish River
1. Fanfreluche Stakes, Star Shoot Stakes; 2. Glorious Song Stakes
Soldera - b.f. by Polish Numbers x Mr. Prospector
3. Windsor Forest Stakes G2; 4. Pretty Polly Stakes G1

1991

Damsire
Close Conflict - b.c. by High Estate out of Catopetl
1. Gran Premio d'Italia G1; 3. Gran Premio del Jockey Club Italiano G1
Eternal Reve - ch.f. by Diesis out of Northern Eternity
2. Coronation Stakes G1, Queen Elizabeth II. Challenge Cup Invitational G1; 2. Prix de Sandringham G2
Narita Brian - dkb.c. by Brian's Time out of Pacificus
1. Satsuki Sho G1, Tokyo Yushun G1, Kikuka Sho G1, Asahi Hai Sansai Stakes G1, Arima Kinen G1, Hanshin Daishoten G2 - 2x, Spring Stakes G2; 2. Tenno Sho (Spring) G1, Kyoto Shimbun Hai G2; 3. Daily Hai Sansai Stakes G2. Japanese champion two-year-old colt, Japanese Triple Crown winner, champion three-year-old colt and Horse of the year 1994.
Signal Tap - b.c. by Fappiano out of South Sea Dancer
3. Man o'War Stakes G1
Term Limits - ch.f. by Time For a Change out of Dancing Doris
1. Princess Elizabeth Stakes, Mazarine Stakes; 2. Natalma Stakes (2nd div.); 3. Beaumont Stakes G2. Canadian champion two-year-old filly.
Winning Pact - b.c. by Alydar out of Six Months Long
1. Del Mar Futurity G2
Third sire
Aragen - b.f. by Rory's Jester x Fappiano
1. QTC Sires Produce Stakes G1; 2. QTC Castlemaine Stakes G1, Surround Stakes G2, STC Tea Rose Stakes G2; 3. STC Winfield Classic G1, Light Fingers Stakes G2
Freedom Cry - b.c. by Soviet Star x Mount Hagen
1. Prix d'Harcourt G2, Grosser Preis der Wirtschaft G2; 2. Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe G1, Breeders' Cup Turf G1, Irish Champion Stakes G1
Mutakddim - ch.c. by Seeking the Gold x Seattle Slew - Dance Number
3. Sandown Mile G2
Run Softly - b.c. by Deputy Minister x Riverman - Aladancer
2. Hawthorne Gold Cup Handicap G2
Shinko King - b.c. by Fairy King x Alleged - Rose Red
1. Takamatsunomiya Hai G1; 3. Sprinters Stakes G1, Hong Kong International Bowl G2

1992

Damsire
Northern Ensign - b.c. by Blue Ensign out of Thalie Style
2. Futurity Stakes G1
Sleep Easy - b.f. by Seattle Slew out of Dokki
1. Hollywood Oaks G1, Railbird Stakes G2; 2. Del Mar Oaks G1, Santa Margarita Invitational Handicap G1; 3. Princess Stakes G2, Lady's Secret BC Handicap G2
The Key Rainbow - ch.c. by Rainbow Quest out of Te Kani
3. San Fernando BC Stakes G2
Third sire
Cyrano - b.c. by Seattle Slew x Mr. Prospector - Sleek Dancer
3. Hollywood Juvenile Championship Stakes G2
Daijin - b.f. by Deputy Minister x Buckpasser - Cool Mood
1. Selene Stakes, Star Shoot Stakes; 3. Test Stakes G1
Fanjica - b.f. by Law Society x Gay Mecene
2. Yellow Ribbon Stakes G1, Prix de Pomone G2, Santa Barbara Handicap G2, Sheepshead Bay Handicap G2
Inzar - dkb.c. by Warning out of Czar's Bride
3. Prix de la Foret G1
Royal Mitch - ch.g. by Homebuilder x Czaravich
2. Lexington Stakes G2
Salmon Ladder - b.c. by Bering x Mr. Prospector - Aladancer
2. Premio Federico Tesio
Signal Light - b.c. by French Glory x Remand
2. St. Lite Kinen G2; 3. Meguro Kinen G2
Smooth Charmer - ch.f. by Easy Goer x Seattle Slew - Dance Number
2. Shuvee Handicap G1
Sneaky Quiet - b.f. by Seeking the Gold x Slew o'Gold
3. Kentucky Oaks G1
Woolloomooloo - ch.f. by Regal Intention x Bold Agent
1. Bison City Stakes, Canadian Handicap; 2. Ontario Lassie Stakes, Ontario Colleen Stakes (2nd div.), Princess Elizabeth Stakes; 3. Canadian Handicap. Canadian champion older mare 1997.
Valley of Gold - b.f. by Shirley Heights x Halo - White Star Line
1. Oaks d'Italia G1; 2. Prix Vermeille G1; 3. Irish Oaks G1

1993

Damsire
Eternal Range - b.c. by Majestic Light out of Northern Eternity
3. Grand Criterium G1
Roar - b.c. by Forty Niner out of Wild Applause
1. Jim Beam Stakes G2; 3. Lexington Stakes G2, Withesr Stakes G2
Third sire
Apple Danish - b.f. by Danehill x Thatching
2. Theo Marks Stakes G2; 3. San Domenico Stakes G2, Schweppes Stakes G2, Angus Brut Classic G2
Cara Rafaela - gr.f. by Quiet American x Spectacular Bid
1. Hollywood Starlet Stakes G1, Alcibiades Stakes G2; 2. Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies G1, Matron Stakes G1, Santa Anita Oaks G1, Ashland Stakes G1, Las Virgenes Stakes G1, Black Eyed Susan Stakes G2; 3. Mother Goose Stakes G1, Kentucky Oaks G1. Broodmare of the year - dam of Bernardini.
Cavonnier - dkb.g. by Batonnier x Caveat
1. Santa Anita Derby G1; 2. Kentucky Derby G1; 3. Del Mar Futurity G2, San Felipe Stakes G2
Flat Fleet Feet - ch.f. by Afleet x Czaravich
1. Top Flight Handicap G1, Adirondack Stakes G2; 2. Spinaway Stakes G1, Test Stakes G1, Go For Wand Handicap G1, Prioress Stakes G2, Shuvee Handicap G2; 3. Frizette Stakes G1
Royal Court - b.c. by Sadler's Wells x Alleged - Rose Red
3. Great Voltigeur Stakes G2
Shirokita Cross - b.c. by Tamamo Cross x Law Society
1. Kobe Shimbun Hai G2
Wilder Jaeger - br.c. by Mulberry x Bold Bidder
3. Frankfurt Trophy G2
Wixim - ch.f. by Diesis x Riverman - Aladancer
1. Sandown Park Mile G2; 2. Prix d'Ispahan G1; 3. Premio Vittorio di Capua G1, Hong Kong International Cup G2

1994

Damsire
Besiege - b.g. by Rainbow Quest out of Armeria
3. Royal Lodge Stakes G2
Brave Tender - b.c. by Gulch out of Larida
2. NHK Mile Cup G1, New Zealand Trophy G2
Devonwood - ch.c. by Woodman out of Golden Oriole
2. Manhattan Handicap G1; 3. Sunset Handicap G2
Kirkwall - ch.c. by Selkirk out of Kamkova
1. Prix Eugene Adam G2, Keeneland Turf Mile Stakes G2; 3. Prix Jean Prat G1, El Rincon Handicap G2
Lynneseemeplease - b.f. by Avies Copy out of Frost Fair
2. Ontario Matron Handicap
Olympic Majesty - b.c. by Law Society out of Bella Senora
2. Gallinule Stakes G2
Ryafan - b.f. by Lear Fan out of Carya
1. Prix Marcel Boussac G1, Queen Elizabeth II. Challenge Cup Invitational Stakes G1, Yellow Ribbon Stakes G1, Matriarch Stakes G1, Falmouth Stakes G2, Nassau Stakes G2; 2. Moyglare Stud Stakes G1. European champion three-year-old filly 1997, U.S. champion female turf horse 1997. Dam of Phantom Wind.
Third sire
Accelerator - dkb.c. by A.P. Indy x Mr. Prospector - Dance Number
2. Wood Memorial G2; 3. Metropolitan Handicap G1, Remsen Stakes G2
Colonial Play - dkb.f. by Pleasant Colony x Stage Door Johnny - Northern Meteor
1. Orchid Handicap G2; 3. Sheepshead Bay Handicap
Keos - br.c. by Riverman x Damascus - Royal Statute
1. Goldene Peitsche G2; 2. Prix de la Foret G1; 3. Prix de l'Abbaye de Longchamp G1, Prix de la Foret G1
Limnos - ch.c. by Hector Protector x Shirley Heights - Northern Trick
1. Prix Jean de Chaudenay G2; 2. Prix Maurice de Nieuil G2
Nothing Special - b.f. by Tejabo x Apalachee - Cool Mood
3. Barbara Fritchie Stakes G2
Move - ch.f. by Forty Niner x Tromos
3. Beaumont Stakes G2
Really Happy - dkb.f. by Avenue of Flags x Youth - Six Months Long
2. Princess Stakes G2; 3. San Clemente Handicap G2, Hollywood Oaks G2
Tayseer - ch.g. by Sheikh Albadou x Blushing Groom
2. Diadem Stakes G2
Touch Gold - dkb.c. by Deputy Minister x Buckpasser - Cool Mood
1. Belmont Stakes G1, Haskell Invitational Handicap G1, Lexington Stakes G2

1995

Damsire
Asakir - ch.c. by Nashwan out of Yaqut
2. Criterium de Saint-Cloud G1
Nedawi - ch.c. by Rainbow Quest out of Wajd
1. St. Leger Stakes G1; 2. King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes G1
Titanic - b.c. by Nashwan out of White Star Line
3. Flying Childers Stakes G2
Third sire
Bodyguard - ch.g. by Zafonix x Ahonoora
3. Richmond Stakes G2
Event of the Year - dkb.c. by Seattle Slew x Mr. Prospector - Six Months Long
1. Jim Beam Stakes G2, Strub Stakes G2; 2. Santa Anita Handicap G1, San Fernando BC Handicap G2; 3. Malibu Stakes G1
Halory Hunter - ch.c. by Jade Hunter x Halo - Cold Reply
1. Blue Grass Stakes G2; 2. Remsen Stakes G2; 3. Champagne Stakes G1, Florida Derby G1, Fountain of Youth Stakes G2
Huracan David - dkb.c. by Roberto's Dancer x Mt. Livermore
1. Clasico Presidente de la Republica G1; 3. Gran Premio Clasico Simon Bolivar G1, Clasico Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela G1, Clasico Jose Antonio Paez G1, Clasico Internacional del Caribe G1
Loving Claim - b.f. by Hansel x Irish River
1. Prix Marcel Boussac G1; 2. Prix Saint Alary G1; 5. One Thousand Guineas G1
Mr. Epperson - b.g. by Cabrini Green x The Axe
1. Nearctic Stakes G2; 3. Highlander Stakes G2, Nearctic Handicap G2
Road to Slew - ch.g. by Slewpy x Bold Tropic
1. Frank E. Kilroe Mile G2; 2. Oak Tre BC Mile Stakes G2
Shiva - ch.f. by Hector Protector x Shirley Heights - Northern Trick
1. Tattersalls Gold Cup G1; 2. Champion Stakes G1; 3. Eclipse Stakes G1
Star of Broadway - dkb.f. by Broad Brush x Mr. Prospector - Northern Meteor
1. Beaumont Stakes G2; 2. Las Virgenes Stakes G1
The Idol - b.g. by Demons Begone x Bold Dun-Cee
3. Clasico Rotativo G1, Copa George Washington G1

1996

Damsire
Flamingo Road - ch.f. by Acatenango out of Fabula Dancer
1. Preis der Diana G2, Hansa-Preis G2; 2. Grosser Preis von Baden G1; 3. Aral-Pokal G1, Deutsches Derby G1, Grosser Preis der Wirtschaft G2
Solitary Dancer - b.c. by Lively One out of Jenny Dancer
2. Nearctic Stakes G2
Wajina - br.f. by Rainbow Quest out of Wajd
2. Prix Kergorlay G2
White Star - b.f. by Darshaan out of White Star Line
3. Prix de Malleret G2. Dam of Harland.
Third sire
Admire Vega - b.c. by Sunday Silence x Tony Bin
1. Tokyo Yushun G1, Kyoto Shimbun Hai G2; 2. Yayoi Sho G2
Big Viking - dkb.c. by Theatrical x Secretariat - Fanfreluche
3. Meguro Kinen G2
Conserve - b.g. by Boundary x Slew o'Gold - Fanfreluche
1. Maker's Mark Mile Handicap G2, Firecracker BC Handicap G2
Daring General - dkb.g. by General Meeting x Flying Paster
2. Del Mar Futurity G2; 3. Norfolk Stakes G2
Endless Hall - b.c. by Saddlers' Hall x Law Society
1. Gran Premio di Milano G1, Singapore Airlines International Cup G1
General Challenge - ch.g. by General Meeting x Smarten - Northern Sea
1. Santa Anita Derby G1, Pacific Classic Stakes G1, Santa Anita Handicap G1, Santa Catalina Stakes G2, Strub Stakes G2; 2. Swaps Stakes G1, Hollywood Gold Cup Handicap G1, Goodwood Handicap G2; San Bernardino Handicap G2
Lord Platinum - ch.c. by Tony Bin x Seeking the Gold
2. Sankei Osaka Hai G2, American Jockey Club Cup G2
Mon Alexandrino - c. by Ezzoud x Sharpen Up
3. Premio Presidente della Repubblica G1
Pico Teneriffe - b.f. by Red Ransom x Mr. Prospector - Aladancer
3. Frizette Stakes G1, Flower Bowl Invitational G1, New York Handicap G2
Time Bandit - ch.c. by Time For a Change x Tentam
3. Hopeful Stakes G1
Tokai Pulsar - b.c. by Tokai Teio x Conquistador Cielo
3. Kyoto Kinen G2

1997

Damsire
Aptitude - dkb.c. by A.P. Indy out of Dokki
1. Jockey Club Gold Cup G1, Hollywood Gold Cup G1, Saratoga BC Stakes G2; 2. Kentucky Derby G1, Belmont Stakes G1; 3. Wood Memorial Stakes G2, Californian Stakes G2
Maquereau - b.c. by Tony Bin out of Antique Value
1. Kyoto Kinen G2; 2. Meguro Kinen G2
Silk Prima Donna - b.f. by Brian's Time out of Bound to Dance
1. Yushun Himba G1; 2. Yonsai Himba Tokubetsu G2; 3. Oka Sho G1
Tap Dance City - b.c. by Pleasant Tap out of All Dance
1. Japan Cup G1, Takarazuka Kinen G1, Kyoto Daishoten G2, Kinko Sho G2 - 3x; 2. Arima Kinen G - 2x, Nikkei Sho G2; 3. Takarazuka Kinen G1, Nikkei Shinshin Hai G2, Kyoto Daishoten G2, Copa Republica Argentina G2
Third sire
Admire Boss - br.c. by Sunday Silence x Tony Bin
1. St. Lite Kinen G2; 3. Sankei Osaka Hai G2
Archer City Slew - dkb.c. by Slew City Slew x Miswaki
1. San Vicente Stakes G2; 2. San Rafael Stakes G2
El Ballezano - ch.g. by French Deputy x Seattle Slew - Larida
3. Arlington Classic G2
Explicit - ch.c. by Distant View x Sir Ivor
1. True North Handicap G2; 3. Potrero Grande BC Handicap G2, True North Handiacp G2
Lodge Hill - ch.c. by Cozzene x Caveat - Drama School
3. Canadian International Stakes G1
Lord Marcos - b.c. by Clackson x Woodman
1. Copa Classica - Mathias Machiline G1, Grande Premio Brasil G1, Grande Premio Doutor Frontin G2 - 2x, Grande Premio Almirante Marques de Tamandare G2; 2. Gran Prix Frederico Lundgren G2
Love Divine - b.f. by Diesis x Law Society
1. Oaks Stakes G1; 2. Yorkshire Oaks G1
Observatory - ch.c. by Distant View x Roberto - Victoria Star
1. Queen Elizabeth II. Stakes G1, Prix d'Ispahan G1; 2. Celebration Mile G2
Postponed - b.c. by Summer Squall x Gulch - Chapel of Dreams
1. Peter Pan Stakes G2
Preseli - b.f. by Caerleon x Reference Point - White Star Line
1. Moyglare Stud Stakes G1; 2. Pretty Polly Stakes G2

1998

Damsire
Biwa Shinseiki - b.c. by Forty Niner out of Oceana
2. Tokyo Daishoten G1, February Stakes G1, Teio Sho G1; 3. Tokyo Daishoten G1, Breeders' Gold Cup G2
Noverre - b.c. by Rahy out of Danseur Fabuleux
1. Sussex Stakes G1, Champagne Stakes G2; 2. Dewhurst Stakes G1, Queen Elizabeth II. Stakes G1, St. James's Palace Stakes G1, Sussex Stakes G1, Lockinge Stakes F1, Dubai Duty Free Stakes G1; 3. Prix Morny G1, Prix Jacques le Marois G1, Champion Stakes G1, Juddmonte International Stakes G1. DQ winner of Poule d'Essai des Poulains G1.
Third sire
Burning Roma - b.c. by Rubiano x Overskate
1. Futurity Stakes G1, Meadowlands Cup Handicap G2; 2. Pegasus Handicap G2, Richter Scale BC Handicap G2, Makers Mark Mile Handicap G2; 3. Haskell Invitational Handicap G1, Carter Handicap G1, Jerome Handicap G2, Gulfstream Park BC Spring Handicap G2
Domedriver - dkb.c. by Indian Ridge x Baillamont
1. Breeders' Cup Mile G1, Prix Daniel Wildenstein G2; 2. Prix Jacques le Marois G1 - 2x, Prix du Muguet G2
Enthused - b.f. by Seeking the Gold x Seattle Slew - Larida
1. Lowther Stakes G2; 2. Cherry Hinton Stakes G2
Gold Mover - ch.f. by Gold Fever x Tentam
1. Schuylerville Stakes G2, Princess Rooney Handicap G2 - 2x; 2. Humana Distaff Handicap G1 - 2x, Astarita Stakes G2, Davona Dale Stakes G2, Vagrancy Handicap G2; 3. Ballerina Handicap G1, Gallant Bloom Handicap G2, Vagrancy Handicap G2
Hill Country - b.c. by Danehill x Alleged - Rose Red
3. Royal Lodge Stakes G2
Notable Career - dkb.f. by Avenue of Flags x Smarten - Northern Sea
1. Oak Leaf Stakes G1; 2. Del Mar Debutante G1
Sahara Slew - b.f. by Seattle Slew x Alysheba - Salpinx
1. Ribblesdale Stakes G2
Snow Dance - gr.f. by Forest Wildcat x Spectacular Bid - Northern Sea
1. Lake Placid Handicap G2, New York Handicap G2; 2. Galaxy Stakes G2; 3. Queen Elizabeth II. Challenge Cup Invitational Stakes G1, Diana Handicap G2
The Tin Man - b.g. by Affirmed x Tom Rolfe
1. Clement L. Hirsch Memorial Turf Championship G1 - 2x, Arlington Million Stakes G1, Shoemaker BC Mile Stakes G1, American Handicap G2 - 2x, San Luis Obispo Handicap G2, San Marcos Stakes G2; 2. United Nations Handicap G1, Dubai Duty Free G1, Arlington Million Stakes G1, Clement L. Hirsch Turf Championship G1, Del Mar Handicap G2, San Marcos Stakes G2, American Invitational Handicap G2; 3. San Francisco BC Mile Handicap G2
With Ability - b.f. by A.P. Indy x Mr. Prospector - Sulemeif
2. Fleur de Lis Handicap G2; 3. Sorority Stakes G2
Zanzibar - b.f. by In the Wings x Diesis
1. Oaks d'Italia G1

1999

Damsire
Castle Gandolfo - ch.c. by Gone West out of Golden Oriole
2. Racing Post Trophy G1, Criterium de Saint-Cloud G1
Epicentre - b.c. by Kris S. out of Carya
3. Hollywood Turf Cup Stakes G1, San Luis Rey Stakes G2
Requete - b.c. by Rainbow Quest out of Danthonia
2. Turf Classic Stakes G1, Manhattan Handicap G1
Third sire
Admire Don - b.c. by Timber Country - Vega by Tony Bin
1. Asahi Hai Futurity Stakes G1, JBC Classic G1 - 3x, Mile Championship Nambu Hai G1, Teio Sho G1, February Stakes G1; 2. Japan Cup Dirt G1 - 2x, Mile Championship Nambu Hai G1; 3. Japan Cup Dirt G1. Japanese champion two-year-old colt, Japanese champion dirt horse 2003 and 2004.
Blue Burner - ch.c. by French Deputy x Alydar
2. Florida Derby G1; 3. Fountain of Youth Stakes G1
Demeteor - dkb.g. by Dehere x Seattle Slew - Northern Meteor
2. W.L McKnight Handicap G2
Flatter - b.c. by A.P. Indy x Mr. Prospector - Wild Applause
3. Washington Park Handicap G2
Ibn al Haitham - b.c. by Zafonix x Snow Knight - Royal Statute
2. Norfolk Stakes G2; 3. UAE Derby G2
Milanova - b.f. by Danehill x Secretariat - Fanfreluche
2. Australasian Oaks G1, Fruit N Veg Stakes G1
Regal Sanction - ch.c. by Regal Classic x Affirmed - Gay Northerner
1. Pegasus Handicap G2
Snowfire - b.f. by Machiavellian x Reference Point - White Star Line
2. One Thousand Guineas G1
Spring Meadow - ch.f. by Meadowlake x Mr. Prospector
2. La Brea Stakes G1, Prioress Stakes G1; 3. Test Stakes G1
Spring Star - b.f. by Danehill x Irish River
1. Prix de Sandringham G2, Palomar Handicap G2
Winning Chance - gr.f. by Alphabet Soup x Buckley Boy
1. Ontario Matron Stakes; 2. Maple Leaf Stakes, Ontario Matron Stakes

2000

Damsire
Yell - dkb.f. by A.P. Indy out of Wild Applause
1. Davona Dale Stakes G2; 2. Mother Goose Stakes G1, Molly Pitcher Handicap G2; 3. Kentucky Oaks G1. Dam of Chide.
Third sire
Blazonry - b.c. by Hennessy x Alydar
1. Lazaro S. Barrera Memorial Stakes G2
Bull Market - dkb.c. by Holy Bull x Capote
2. Norfolk Stakes G2
Congrats - b.c. by A.P. Indy x Mr. Prospector - Wild Applause
1. San Pasqual Handicap G2; 2. Santa Anita Handicap G1; 3. Hollywood Gold Cup Stakes G1, Jim Dandy Stakes G2, Washington Park Handicap G2, San Antonio Handicap G2
Dublin - b.c. by Carson City x Halo - White Star Line
3. National Stakes G1
Final Round - b.f. by Storm Cat x Private Account - Ballet de France
3. Acorn Stakes G1, Mother Goose Stakes G1, Alcibiades Stakes G2
Freedom's Daughter - b.f. by Saint Ballado x Caro
1. Schuylerville Stakes G2
High Praise - b.f. by Quest For Fame x Roberto - Victoria Star
1. Prix de Malleret G2
Soldera - b.f. by Polish Numbers x Mr. Prospector - Fanfreluche
3. Windsor Forest Stakes G2
Still In Love - ch.f. by Sunday Silence x Roberto - Sulemeif
1. Oka Sho G1, Yushun Himba G1, Shuka Sho G1; 2. Queen Elizabeth II. Commemorative Cup G1. Fillies Triple Crown winner, Japanese champion three-year-old filly.
Summerland - b.g. by Danehill x Woodman - Rose Red
2. Criterium de Saint-Cloud G1; 3. King Edward VII. Stakes G2
Valentine Dancer - b.f. by In Excess x Mr. Prospector
2. A Gleam Handicap G2; 3. Santa Ana Handicap G2, Clement L. Hirsch Handicap G2
Van Nistelrooy - ch.c. by Storm Cat x Halo - Cold Reply
1. Futurity Stakes G2; 2. National Stakes G1; 3. Royal Lodge Stakes G2

2001

Third sire
Bachelor Duke - b.c. by Miswaki x Seattle Slew
1. Irish 2000 Guineas G1; 4. Dewhurst Stakes G1
Daydreaming - b.f. by A.P. Indy x Mr. Prospector - Dance Number
1. Top Flight Handicap G2; 2. Gazelle Handicap G1, Shuvee Handicap G2; 3. Spinaway Stakes G1
Dream Play - br.f. by In the Wings x Halo - White Star Line
3. Prix de Malleret G2
Maltese Heat - ch.f. by Old Trieste x Sunshine Forever
2. Hochai Hai Fillies Revue G2
Old Deuteronomy - dkb.c. by Storm Cat x Seeking the Gold
2. Phoenix Stakes G1, Richmond Stakes G2
One Cool Cat - dkb.c. by Storm Cat x Mr. Prospector - Savannah Dancer
1. Phoenix Stakes G1, National Stakes G1; 3. Nunthorpe Stakes G1
Phantom Wind - b.c. by Storm Cat x Lear Fan
3. Matron Stakes G1
Tosho Knight - ch.c. by Timber Country x Java Gold - Northernette
1. Copa Republica Argentina G2; 2. Nikkei Sho G2 - 3x, Kyoto Kinen G2; 3. Kyoto Daishoten G2, Kyoto Kinen G2
Western Hemisphere - ch.f. by General Meeting x Smarten - Northern Sea
1. Honeymoon BC Handicap G2

2002

Third sire
Aragorn - ch.c. by Giant's Causeway x Mr. Prospector - Savannah Dancer
1. Eddie Read Handicap G1, Shoemaker BC Mile Stakes G1, Oak Tree Derby G2, Oak Tree BC Mile Stakes G2; 2. Breeders' Cup Mile G1, San Francisco BC Mile Handicap G2, Frank E. Kilroe Mile Handicap G2
Be Envied - ch.f. by Lemon Drop Kid x Overskate
3. Ontario Matron Stakes
Big Prairie - b.c. by Danzig x Pleasant Colony - Dance Review
2. Bernard Baruch Handicap G2
Criminal Mind - b.c. by Cryptoclearance x Alleged
3. Grey BC Stakes G2
Promenade Girl - b.f. by Carson City x Pleasant Colony - Dance Review
1. Molly Pitcher Handicap G2; 3. Spinster Stakes G1, Ogden Phipps Handicap G1, Delaware Handicap G2

2003

Third sire
Daiwa Passion - b.f. by Forty Niner x Shady Heights
1. Fillies Revue G2
Man of Purser - b.c. by Tayasu Tsuyoshi x State Dinner
1. Derby Grand Prix G1
Septimus - b.c. by Sadler's Wells x Darshaan
1. Irish St. Leger G1, Beresford Stakes G2, Dante Stakes G2, Doncaster Cup G2, Lonsdale Cup G2; 2. Coronation Cup G1; 3. Racing Post Trophy G1

2004

Third sire
Communique - b.f. by Smart Strike x Pleasant Colony - Ballet de France
2. Beverly D. Stakes G1; 3. Flower Bowl Invitational Handicap G1
Harland - b.g. by Halling x Darshaan - White Star Line
1. Prix Eugene Adam G2
Holy Roman Emperor - b.c. by Danehill x Secretariat - Fanfreluche
1. Grand Criterium G1, Phoenix Stakes G1, Railway Stakes G2; 2. Dewhurst Stakes G1, National Stakes G1
Jeune-Turc - b.c. by Know Heights x Machiavellian - Northern Trick
1. Grande Premio Sao Paulo G1, Grande Premio Brasil G1; 2. Clasico Miguel A. Martinez de Hoz G1, Gran Premio Antonio Joaquim Piexoto de Castro Jr. G2; 3. Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini G1. Brazilian champion three-year-old colt.
Kathleen's Reel - b.f. by Lemon Drop Kid x Rubiano - South Sea Dancer
3. Fleur de Lis Handicap G2
Lattice - dkb.g. by Arch x Rahy
1. American Derby G2
Light Shift - b.f. by Kingmambo x Shirley Heights - Northern Trick
1. Oaks Stakes G1; 2. Irish Oaks G1; 3. Nassau Stakes G1
Maruka Phoenix - ch.c. by Dance in the Dark x Miswaki
1. Swan Stakes G2; 2. Keio Hai Spring Cup G2; 3. Swan Stakes G2
Robe Decolette - gr.f. by Cozzene x Seeking the Gold - Sulemeif
1. Yushun Himba G1; 4. Oka Sho G1
Swiss Ace - b.c. by Secret Savings x Carson City
1. MRC Oaleigh Plate G1, QTC Sir Byrne Hart Stakes G2 - 2x; 2. VRC Newmarket Handicap G1; 3. BTC Cup G1
Winning Point - ch.f. by Point Given x Blushing Groom
2. Delaware Oaks G2, Black-Eyed Susan Stakes G2, Comely Stakes G2; 3. New York Stakes G2

2005

Third sire
Cool Coal Man - b.c. by Mineshaft x Rubiano - South Sea Dancer
1. Fountain of Youth Stakes G2; 2. Kelso Handicap G2; 3. Haskell Invitational Handicap G1, Gulfstream Park Handicap G2
Flamingo Fantasy - ch.c. by Fantastic Light x Acatenango - Fabula Dancer
1. Hansa-Preis G2; 2. Deutschland-Preis G1
Frozen Fire - b.c. by Montjeu x Woodman - Fabula Dancer
1. Irish Derby G1; 2. Dante Stakes G2
Informed Decision - gr.f. by Monarchos x His Majesty
1. Breeders' Cup Filly And Mare Sprint G1, Madison Stakes G1, Humana Distaff Handicap G1, Thoroughbred Club of America Stakes G2; 3. Ballerina Stakes G1, Madison Stakes G1, Humana Distaff Handicap G1, Thoroughbred Club of America Stakes G2. U.S. champion female sprinter 2009.

2006

Third sire
Crowded House - ch.c. by Rainbow Quest x Woodman - Chapel of Dreams
1. Racing Post Trophy G1; 2. Pacific Classic Stakes G1
Girolamo - dkb.c. by A.P. Indy x Mr. Prospector - Dance Number
1. Vosburgh Stakes G1, Jerome Handicap G2; 3. Cigar Mile Handicap G1
Hyades - b.c. by Aldebaran x Shirley Heights - Northern Trick
2. Charles H. Whittingham Memorial Handicap G1; 2. American Handicap G2
Meteore - ch.c. by Pulpit x Twining - Northern Meteor
1. La Jolla Handicap G2; 2. Del Mar Mile Handicap G2; 3. Citation Handicap G2

2007

Third sire
Destined For Glory - b.g. by Azamour x Indian Ridge
1. Jockey Club Mile G2
Royal F.J. - ch.g. by Royal Academy x Kingmambo - Northern Eternity
3. Del Mar Derby G2
Termagant - b.f. by Powerscourt x Selkirk
1. Moyglare Stud Stakes G1

2008

Third sire
Dance City - b.c. by City Zip x Pleasant Colony - Dance Review
3. Arkansas Derby G1
Glen's Diamond - b.g. by Intikhab x Rainbow Quest
1. Yorkshire Cup G2; 2. Yorkshire Cup G2
Tale of a Champion - b.c. by Tale of the Cat x Seattle Slew - Chapel of Dreams
1. Charles Whittingham Memorial Handicap G2

2009

Damsire
Fitful Skies - b.f. by Dubawi out of Wajd
2. E.P. Taylor Stakes G1
Third sire
Feuerblitz - b.c. by Big Shuffle x Acatenango - Fabula Dancer
1. Premio Roma G1, Derby Italiano G2; 2. Premio Roma G1, Preis von Europa G1, Grosser Preis von Bayern G1
Gemologist - b.c. by Tiznow x Mr. Prospector - Sulemeif
1. Wood Memorial Stakes G1, Kentucky Jockey Club Stakes G2

2010

Third sire
Harbour Master - b.g. by Mizzen Mast x Empire Maker
3. Phoenix Stakes G1
Last Impact - dkb.c. by Deep Impact x Timber Country - Pacificus
1. Kinko Sho G2, Kyoto Daishoten G2; 2. Japan Cup G1; 3. Dubai Sheema Classic G1, Aoba Sho G2, Nikkei Sho G2, Hanshin Daishoten G2
Law Enforcement - b.c. by Lawman x Rainbow Quest - Armeria
1. Gran Criterium G1

2011

Third sire
Omaticaya - br.f. by Bernstein x Gulch - Ballet de France
2. Prix Robert Papin G2
Sparkling Review - b.f. by Lemon Drop Kid x Pleasant Tap - Dance Review
1. Mrs. Revere Stakes G2

2012

Third sire
Chide - dkb.f. by Blame - Yell by A.P. Indy
3. Mother Goose Stakes G1

Northern Dancer's sireline:

No matter how absolutely astonishing is the progeny list, Northern Dancer's worldwide glory lies within something different. Sons of Northern Dancer, wherever they were sent to stand at stud, showed admirable stallion power and dominance, which helped to establish the most powerful sireline of the present.

  • Northern Dancer, CAN, 1961
    • Northern Answer, CAN, 1966
    • Northern Bay, USA, 1966
    • One For All, USA, 1966
    • Viceregal, CAN, 1966
      • Esclavo, GER, 1976
      • Solarstern, GER, 1979
    • Nijinsky, CAN, 1967
      • Caucasus, USA, 1972
      • Copper Kingdom, USA, 1972AUS
      • Dancing Champ, USA, 1972
      • Green Dancer, USA, 1972
        • Solo Dancer GER, 1978
        • Cadoudal, FR, 1979
        • Greinton, GB, 1981
        • Suave Dancer, USA, 1988
        • Green Tune, USA, 1991
      • Super Gray, USA, 1972NZ
      • Whiskey Road, USA, 1972
        • Strawberry Road, AUS, 1979
      • Baldski, USA, 1974
      • Maruzensky, JPN, 1974
      • Upper Nile, USA, 1974
      • Ile de Bourbon, USA, 1975
        • Lagunas, GB, 1981
        • Kahyasi, GB, 1985
      • Czaravich, USA, 1976
      • Niniski, USA, 1976
        • Lomitas, GB, 1988
          • Silvano, GER, 1996
        • Hernando, FR, 1990
          • Sulamani, IRE, 1999
      • Yeats, USA, 1976
      • Encino, USA, 1977
      • King's Lake, USA, 1978
      • Golden Fleece, USA, 1979
      • Hostage, USA, 1979
      • Caerleon, USA, 1980
        • Generous, IRE, 1988
        • Tenby, GB, 1990
      • Serheed, USA, 1980AUS
      • Tights, USA, 1981NZ
      • Western Symphony, USA, 1981NZ
      • Moscow Ballet, USA, 1982
      • Shadeed, USA, 1982
        • Alydeed, CAN, 1989
      • Shahrastani, USA, 1983
      • Seattle Dancer, USA, 1984
      • Sword Dance, IRE, 1984
      • Royal Academy, USA, 1987
        • Val Royal, FR, 1996
        • Bel Esprit, AUS, 1999
      • Sky Classic, CAN, 1987
      • Lammtarra, USA, 1992
    • Vice Regent, CAN, 1967
      • New Regent, CAN, 1977AUS
      • Deputy Minister, CAN, 1979
        • Silver Deputy, CAN, 1985
        • Salt Lake, USA, 1989
        • Dehere, USA, 1991
        • French Deputy, USA, 1992
          • Kurofune, USA, 1998
        • Awesome Again, CAN, 1994
          • Ghostzapper, USA, 2000
        • Touch Gold, USA, 1994
      • Archregent, CAN, 1981AUS
      • Regal Classic, CAN, 1985
    • Dancing Count, CAN, 1968
    • Grand Chaudiere, CAN, 1968
    • Northern Jove, CAN, 1968
    • Northfields, USA, 1968
      • Northjet, IRE, 1977
      • No Pass No Sale, IRE, 1982
    • Staff Writer, USA, 1968
    • Lyphard, USA, 1969
      • Pharly, FR, 1974
      • Lypheor, GB, 1975
        • Tolomeo, IRE, 1980AUS
      • Bellypha, IRE, 1976
        • Mendez, FR, 1981
          • Linamix, FR, 1987
            • Slickly, FR, 1996
      • Lyphard's Wish, FR, 1976
      • Mogami, FR, 1976
      • Eliodor, FR, 1977SAF
      • Monteverdi, IRE, 1977
      • Al Nasr, FR, 1978
      • Ghadeer, FR, 1978BRZ
      • Alzao, USA, 1980
        • Second Set, IRE, 1988
        • Waky Nao, GB, 1993
      • Esprit du Nord, USA, 1980
      • Legend of France, USA, 1980
      • Dahar, USA, 1981
      • Sicyos, USA, 1981
      • Vacarme, USA, 1981
      • Dancing Brave, USA, 1983
        • Commander in Chief, GB, 1990
        • White Muzzle, GB, 1990JPN
        • King Halo, JPN, 1995
      • Manila, USA, 1983
      • Goofalik, USA, 1987
      • Rainbows For Life, CAN, 1988
      • Llandaff, USA, 1990
    • Nice Dancer, CAN, 1969
    • Northern Fling, USA, 1970
    • Northern Taste, CAN, 1971JPN
      • Amber Shadai, JPN, 1977
        • Mejiro Ryan, JPN, 1987
    • Northerly, USA, 1972
    • Somethingfabulous, USA, 1972
    • Dance Spell, USA, 1973
    • Far North, CAN, 1973
    • Yallah Native, USA, 1973AUS
    • Be My Guest, USA, 1974
      • Assert, IRE, 1979
      • What a Guest, IRE, 1979
      • Prego, IRE, 1980AUS
      • Raami, GB, 1981AUS
      • Double Bed, FR, 1983
      • Most Welcome, GB, 1984
      • Pentire, GB, 1992NZ
    • Dance in Time, CAN, 1974
    • The Minstrel, CAN, 1974
      • L'Emigrant, USA, 1980
      • Palace Music, USA, 1981AUS
      • Masterclass, USA, 1988NZ
    • Topsider, USA, 1974
      • Salse, USA, 1985
        • Air Express, IRE, 1994
      • Fraar, USA, 1988AUS
    • Sovereign Dancer, USA, 1975
      • Gate Dancer, USA, 1981
      • Leo Castelli, USA, 1984
      • Priolo, USA, 1987
      • Louis Quatorze, USA, 1993
    • Try My Best, USA, 1975
      • Celestial Bounty, IRE, 1982AUS
      • Last Tycoon, IRE, 1983
        • Marju, IRE, 1988
        • Ezzoud, IRE, 1989
        • Bigstone, IRE, 1990
        • O'Reilly, NZ, 1993
          • Alamosa, NZ, 2004
      • Waajib, IRE, 1983
        • Royal Applause, GB, 1993
          • Acclamation, GB, 1999
            • Dark Angel, IRE, 2005
            • Equiano, FR, 2005
    • Northern Baby, CAN, 1976
    • Danzig, USA, 1977
      • Chief's Crown, USA, 1982
        • Be My Chief, USA, 1987
        • Grand Lodge, USA, 1991
          • Sinndar, IRE, 1997
        • Key of Luck, USA, 1991
        • Chief Bearhart, CAN, 1993
      • Danzig Connection, USA, 1983
      • Green Desert, USA, 1983
        • Desert Sun, GB, 1988
        • Volksraad, GB, 1988
        • Desert Style, IRE, 1992
        • Cape Cross, IRE, 1994
          • Sea the Stars, IRE, 2006
        • Desert Prince, IRE, 1995
        • Invincible Spirit, IRE, 1997
          • I Am Invincible, AUS, 2004
          • Lawman, FR, 2004
        • Oasis Dream, GB, 2000
      • Mister C, USA, 1983AUS
      • Ascot Knight, CAN, 1984
      • National Assembly, CAN, 1984
      • Polish Navy, USA, 1984
        • Sea Hero, USA, 1984
      • Always Fair, USA, 1985
      • Danehill, USA, 1986
        • Danasinga, AUS, 1991
        • Danewin, AUS, 1991
        • Danzero, AUS, 1991
        • Flying Spur, AUS, 1992
          • Casino Prince, AUS, 2003
        • Lion Hunter, AUS, 1992
        • Nothin' Leica Dane, AUS, 1992
        • Danehill Dancer, IRE, 1993
          • Choisir, AUS, 1999
          • Mastercraftsman, IRE, 2006
        • Danetime, IRE, 1994
          • Myboycharlie, IRE, 2005
        • Desert King, IRE, 1994
        • Danske, NZ, 1995
        • Tiger Hill, IRE, 1995
        • Blackfriars, AUS, 1996
        • Catbird, AUS, 1996
        • Commands, AUS, 1996
        • Dansili, GB, 1996
          • Zoffany, IRE, 2008
        • Redoute's Choice, AUS, 1996
          • Not a Single Doubt, AUS, 2001
          • Snitzel, AUS, 2002
          • Stratum, AUS, 2002
        • Keeper, AUS, 1997
        • Mozart, IRE, 1998
        • Rock of Gibraltar, IRE, 1999
        • Clodovil, IRE, 2000
        • Exceed And Excel, AUS, 2000
        • Al Maher, AUS, 2001
        • Fastnet Rock, AUS, 2001
        • Kodiac, GB, 2001
        • Darci Brahma, NZ, 2002
        • Oratorio, IRE, 2002
        • Aussie Rules, USA, 2003
        • Champs Elysees, GB, 2003
        • Dylan Thomas, IRE, 2003
        • Duke of Marmalade, IRE, 2004
        • Holy Roman Emperor, IRE, 2004
      • Polish Precedent, USA, 1986
      • Roi Danzig, USA, 1986
      • Shaadi, USA, 1986
      • Dayjur, USA, 1987
      • Polish Numbers, USA, 1987
      • Snaadee, USA, 1987
      • Honor Grades, USA, 1988
      • Polish Patriot, USA, 1988
      • Belong to Me, USA, 1989
      • Lure, USA, 1989
        • Orpen, USA, 1996
      • Pine Bluff, USA, 1989
      • Boundary, USA, 1990
        • Big Brown, USA, 2005
      • Maroof, USA, 1990NZ
      • Zieten, USA, 1990
      • Foxhound, USA, 1991
      • Perugino, USA, 1991
        • Testa Rossa, AUS, 1996
      • Anabaa, USA, 1992
      • Langfuhr, CAN, 1992
      • Elnadim, USA, 1994
      • Bertolini, USA, 1996
      • Mujahid, USA, 1996
      • Exchange Rate, USA, 1997
      • War Chant, USA, 1997
      • War Front, USA, 2002
      • Hard Spun, USA, 2004
    • Magesterial, USA, 1977
    • Northern Guest, USA, 1977
    • Nureyev, USA, 1977
      • Theatrical, IRE, 1882
        • Marchand de Sable, USA, 1990
      • Soviet Star, USA, 1984
        • Ashkalani, IRE, 1993
      • Goldneyev, USA, 1986
        • Gold Away, IRE, 1995
      • Zilzal, USA, 1986
      • Polar Falcon, USA, 1987
        • Pivotal, GB, 1993
          • Kyllachy, GB, 1998
          • Captain Rio, GB, 1999
          • Siyouni, FR, 2007
      • Rudimentary, USA, 1988
      • Wolfhound, USA, 1989
      • Unusual Heat, USA, 1990
      • Spinning World, USA, 1993
        • Thorn Park, AUS, 1999
      • Peintre Celebre, USA, 1994
      • Stravinsky, USA, 1996
      • Fasliyev, USA, 1997
    • Cresta Rider, USA, 1978
    • Mari's Book, USA, 1978
    • Storm Bird, USA, 1978
      • Storm Cat, USA, 1983
        • Harlan, USA, 1989
          • Menifee, USA, 1996
          • Harlan's Holiday, USA, 1999
            • Into Mischief, USA, 2005
        • Catrail, USA, 1990
        • Future Storm, USA, 1990
        • Forest Wildcat, USA, 1991
        • Tabasco Cat, USA, 1991
        • Hennessy, USA, 1993
          • Johannesburg, USA, 1999
            • Scat Daddy, USA, 2004
          • Wiseman's Ferry, USA, 1999
          • Henny Hughes, USA, 2003
        • Sir Cat, USA, 1993
        • Catienus, USA, 1994
        • Stormin Fever, USA, 1994
        • Stormy Atlantic, USA, 1994
        • Tale of the Cat, USA, 1994
          • Lion Heart, USA, 2001
        • Cat Thief, USA, 1996
        • Forestry, USA, 1996
        • Bernstein, USA, 1997
        • Giant's Causeway, USA, 1997
          • Footstepsinthesand, GB, 2002
          • Shamardal, USA, 2002
            • Lope de Vega, IRE, 2007
          • First Samurai, USA, 2003
        • High Yield, USA, 1997
        • Black Minnaloushe, USA, 1998
        • Pure Prize, USA, 1998
        • Yankee Gentleman, USA, 1999
        • Mogok, USA, 2000SAF
        • Statue of Liberty, USA, 2000
        • Van Nistelrooy, USA, 2000
        • Bluegrass Cat, USA, 2003
      • Bluebird, USA, 1984
        • Dolphin Street, FR, 1990
        • Lake Coniston, IRE, 1991
      • Summer Squall, USA, 1987
        • Postponed, USA, 1997NZ
      • Mujadil, USA, 1999
      • Mukaddamah, USA, 1988
    • Minshaansu Amad, USA, 1979
      • Distinctly North, USA, 1988
    • Danzatore, CAN, 1980
    • Dixieland Band, USA, 1980
      • Citidancer, USA, 1987
      • Stark South, USA, 1988NZ
      • Dixie Brass, USA, 1989
      • Dixie Union, USA, 1997
    • Glenstal, USA, 1980
    • Hero's Honor, USA, 1980
    • Lomond, USA, 1980
      • Citidancer, USA, 1986
    • Night Shift, USA, 1980
      • Azamour, IRE, 2001
    • Salmon Leap, USA, 1980
    • Shareef Dancer, USA, 1980
      • Nediym, IRE, 1985
        • General Nediym, AUS, 1994
    • Carnivalay, USA, 1981
    • El Gran Senor, USA, 1981
      • Al Hareb, USA, 1986
      • Belmez, USA, 1987
      • Rodrigo de Triano, USA, 1989
    • Jugah, USA, 1981AUS
    • Lucky North, USA, 1981
    • Nordico, USA, 1981
    • Sadler's Wells, USA, 1981
      • In the Wings, GB, 1986
        • Singspiel, IRE, 1992
        • Winged Love, IRE, 1992
        • Soldier Hollow, GB, 2000
        • Adlerflug, GER, 2004
      • Old Vic, GB, 1986
      • Scenic, GB, 1986
        • Blevic, AUS, 1991
      • Opera House, GB, 1988
      • Runyon, IRE, 1988AUS
      • Saddlers' Hall, IRE, 1988
      • El Prado, IRE, 1989
        • Medaglia d'Oro, USA, 1999
        • Artie Schiller, USA, 2001
        • Kitten's Joy, USA, 2001
      • Johann Quatz, FR, 1989
      • Barathea, IRE, 1990
        • Tobougg, IRE, 1998
      • Fort Wood, USA, 1990SAF
        • Horse Chestnut, SAF, 1995
        • Dynasty, SAF, 1999
      • Carnegie, IRE, 1991
      • Poliglote, GB, 1992
      • Entrepreneur, GB, 1994
      • King of Kings, IRE, 1995
      • Montjeu, IRE, 1996
        • Hurricane Run, IRE, 2002
        • Motivator, GB, 2002
        • Authorized, GB, 2004
        • Tavistock, NZ, 2005
      • Beat Hollow, GB, 1997
      • Galileo, IRE, 1998
        • Teofilo, IRE, 2004
        • New Approach, IRE, 2005
      • High Chaparral, IRE, 1999
      • Sholokhov, IRE, 1999
      • Doyen, IRE, 2000
      • Refuse to Bend, IRE, 2000
    • Secreto, USA, 1981
    • Antheus, USA, 1982
    • Fairy King, USA, 1982
      • Shinko King, IRE, 1991NZ
      • Turtle Island, IRE, 1991
      • Encosta de Lago, AUS, 1993
        • Northern Meteor, AUS, 2005
      • Helissio, FR, 1993
      • Falbrav, IRE, 1998
    • Fioravanti, USA, 1983
    • Jareer, USA, 1983
    • Tate Gallery, USA, 1983
    • Ajdal, USA, 1984
    • Unfuwain, USA, 1985
      • Alhaarth, IRE, 1993
    • Thorn Dance, USA, 1986
    • Rakeen, USA, 1987
      • Jet Master, SAF, 1994

Timelines of Northern Dancer's most important descendants

We are not able to describe here the full strength of Northern Dancer's dynasty - which means all his great sons and their influence, including Lyphard, Nijinsky, Nureyev, Sadler's Wells etc. Still, it's very interesting to recap the expansion of this sireline and the development of its branches, and that's what timeline tables make possible. Plus, it's very interesting to remind which stallions were breeding at the same period - which often means members of four different generations here.

Please, keep in mind that these timelines sum up the periods which Northern Dancer's descendants spent at stud, not their lifetime periods.

Note: We did our best to make these timelines accessible for small-screen devices. They can be comfortably browsed on devices with screens as narrow as 480px.

1. Sons at stud

1961 - 1970
1961196219631964196519661967196819691970
NORTHERN DANCER
Viceregal
1971 - 1980
1971197219731974197519761977197819791980
NORTHERN DANCER
Viceregal
Nijinsky
Vice Regent
Northfields
Lyphard
Northern Taste
Be My Guest
The Minstrel
Try My Best
Topsider
Sov. Dancer
1981 - 1990
1981198219831984198519861987198819891990
NORTHERN DANCER
Viceregal
Nijinsky
Vice Regent
Northfields
Lyphard
Northern Taste
Be My Guest
The Minstrel
Try My Best
Topsider
Sovereign Dancer
Danzig
Nureyev
Storm Bird
Shareef Dancer
Dixieland Band
Night Shift
El Gran Senor
Sadler's Wells
Fairy King
Unfuwain
1991 - 2000
1991199219931994199519961997199819992000
Nijinsky
Vice Regent
Northfields
Lyphard
Northern Taste
Be My Guest
Try My Best
Topsider
Sovereign Dancer
Danzig
Nureyev
Storm Bird
Shareef Dancer
Dixieland Band
Night Shift
Sadler's Wells
Fairy King
Unfuwain
2001 - 2010
2001200220032004200520062007200820092010
Be My Guest
Danzig
Nureyev
Dixieland Band
Night Shift
Sadler's Wells
Unfuwain

2. Descendants at stud

1961 - 1970
1961196219631964196519661967196819691970
NORTHERN DANCER
Viceregal
1971 - 1980
1971197219731974197519761977197819791980
NORTHERN DANCER
Viceregal
Nijinsky
Green Dancer
Whiskey Road
Ile de Bourbon
Maruzensky
Baldski
Vice Regent
Northfields
Lyphard
Bellypha
Northern Taste
Be My Guest
The Minstrel
Try My Best
Topsider
Sov. Dancer
1981 - 1990
1981198219831984198519861987198819891990
NORTHERN DANCER
Viceregal
Nijinsky
Green Dancer
Whiskey Road
Strawberry Road
Ile de Bourbon
Kahyasi
Maruzensky
Baldski
Niniski
Caerleon
Shadeed
Vice Regent
Deputy Minister
Northfields
Lyphard
Bellypha
Mendez
Alzao
Dancing Brave
Northern Taste
Be My Guest
Assert
The Minstrel
Try My Best
Last Tycoon
Waajib
Topsider
Sovereign Dancer
Danzig
Chief's Crown
Green Desert
Danehill
Nureyev
Theatrical
Storm Bird
Bluebird
Storm Cat
Shareef Dancer
Dixieland Band
Night Shift
El Gran Senor
Sadler's Wells
Fairy King
Unfuwain
1981198219831984198519861987198819891990
1991 - 2000
1991199219931994199519961997199819992000
Nijinsky
Green Dancer
Whiskey Road
Strawberry Road
Baldski
Maruzensky
Ile de Bourbon
Kahyasi
Niniski
Lomitas
Caerleon
Generous
Shadeed
Royal Academy
Vice Regent
Deputy Minister
Dehere
French Deputy
Awesome Again
Northfields
Lyphard
Bellypha
Mendez
Linamix
Alzao
Dancing Brave
Northern Taste
Be My Guest
Assert
Try My Best
Last Tycoon
O'Reilly
Waajib
Royal Applause
Topsider
Sovereign Dancer
Danzig
Chief's Crown
Grand Lodge
Green Desert
Danehill
Flying Spur
Danehill Dancer
R.Choice
Anabaa
Nureyev
Theatrical
Polar Falcon
Pivotal
Peintre Celebre
Storm Bird
Bluebird
Storm Cat
Hennessy
Tale of the Cat
Shareef Dancer
Dixieland Band
Night Shift
Sadler's Wells
In the Wings
Singspiel
El Prado
Barathea
Fort Wood
Fairy King
Encosta de Lago
Unfuwain
1991199219931994199519961997199819992000
2001 - 2010
2001200220032004200520062007200820092010
Nijinsky
Ile de Bourbon
Kahyasi
Niniski
Lomitas
Silvano
Caerleon
Generous
Shadeed
Royal Academy
Vice Regent
Deputy Minister
Dehere
French Deputy
Awesome Again
Lyphard
Alzao
Bellypha, Mendez
Linamix
Try My Best
Last Tycoon
O'Reilly
Waajib
Royal Applause
Acclamation
Be My Guest
Danzig
Chief's Crown
Grand Lodge
Green Desert
Cape Cross
Invincible Spirit
Oasis Dream
Anabaa
Danehill
Flying Spur
Danehill Dancer
Choisir
Redoute's Choice
Dansili
Exceed And Excel
Fastnet Rock
Nureyev
Theatrical
Polar Falcon
Pivotal
Peintre Celebre
Storm Bird
Bluebird
Storm Cat
Hennessy
Tale of the Cat
Giant's Causeway
Shamardal
Dixieland Band
Night Shift
Sadler's Wells
In the Wings
Singspiel
El Prado
Medaglia d'Oro
Kitten's Joy
Barathea
Fort Wood
Montjeu
Galileo
High Chaparral
Fairy King
Encosta de Lago
Unfuwain
2001200220032004200520062007200820092010
2011 - 2017
2011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Nijinsky
Niniski
Lomitas
Silvano
Caerleon
Generous
Vice Regent
Dehere
French Deputy
Awesome Again
Lyphard, Bellypha, Mendez
Linamix
Try My Best, Last Tycoon
O'Reilly
Waajib
Royal Applause
Acclamation
Danzig
Green Desert
Cape Cross
Invincible Spirit
Oasis Dream
Danehill
Flying Spur
Danehill Dancer
Choisir
Dansili
Redoute's Choice
Exceed And Excel
Fastnet Rock
Nureyev, Polar Falcon
Pivotal
Peintre Celebre
Storm Bird, Storm Cat
Tale of the Cat
Giant's Causeway
Shamardal
Sadler's Wells, El Prado
Medaglia d'Oro
Kitten's Joy
Fort Wood
Montjeu
Galileo
High Chaparral
Fairy King
Encosta de Lago