Graustark (USA), 1963

Author: Jana Nemeckova, published: 11th January 2018

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If there's any synonym of the "blue blood" in thoroughbred racing, it could very well be Graustark: the son of one of the best horses of the century from the family of champions. Although he never had a chance to fulfill his potential on the racetrack, he had a really big influence on thoroughbred breeding.

Quick links:
Ribot
GB, 1952
Tenerani
ITY, 1944
Bellini
ITY, 1937
Cavaliere d'ArpinoITY, 1926
Bella MinnaIRE, 1923
Tofanella
GB, 1931
ApelleITY, 1923
Try Try AgainGB, 1922
Romanella
ITY, 1943
El Greco
ITY, 1934
PharosGB, 1920
Gay CampGB, 1923
Barbara Burrini
GB, 1937
PapyrusGB, 1920
BucolicGB, 1926
Flower Bowl
USA, 1952
Alibhai
GB, 1938
Hyperion
GB, 1930
GainsboroughGB, 1915
SeleneGB, 1919
Teresina
GB, 1920
TraceryUSA, 1909
Blue TitIRE, 1908
Flower Bed
USA, 1946
Beau Pere
GB, 1927
Son-In-LawGB, 1911
CinnaGB, 1917
Boudoir
GB, 1938
MahmoudFR, 1933
KampalaFR, 1933

Pedigree notes

Graustark's sire was Ribot, a jewel in the production of the legendary Italian breeder Federico Tesio. Ribot was never even entered into the local classic races, but after three years on the racetrack, the Europe was watching the horse unbeaten in 16 starts, who had no equal in the whole Europe. Ribot, the indisputable ruler home in Italy, most notably won two consecutive runnings of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, and also the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes, all of them easily. Ribot's Timeform rating of 142 still remains the joint fourth best ever, putting him well ahead heroes like Mill Reef or Dancing Brave. As a sire, he was leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland three times and was one of the major influences in thoroughbred breeding in the second half of the 20th century.

By the time when Graustark's racing career started, Ribot was still only 11, but his progeny already included the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Molvedo, Romulus, winner of the Sussex Stakes, the Queen Elizabeth II. Stakes and the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp, after the second-place finish in the Two Thousand Guineas; the Santa Anita Derby third Sir Ribot; the Two Thousand Guineas third Corpora; the Irish Derby, the Eclipse Stakes, the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes and the St. Leger winner Ragusa; the Oaks d'Italia winner Alice Frey; Italian champion and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Prince Royal; the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes second Dapper Dan; the Oaks Stakes winner and the Irish Oaks second Long Look; and the Preakness Stakes winner, the Belmont Stakes second and the Kentucky Derby third, and the champion three-year-old colt Tom Rolfe. What more to say?

By the same time, Graustark's dam Flower Bowl, winner of the Delaware Handicap and the Ladies Handicap, which were both G1 races later, already produced chestnut filly Bowl of Flowers by Sailor - winner of the Frizette Stakes, the Acorn Stakes, the Spinster Stakes and the Coaching Club American Oaks, among others, and both the champion two-year-old filly and the three-year-old filly.

When we look a bit further, Graustark's second dam Flower Bed was the half-sister to the Del Mar Futurity and the Santa Anita Derby winner Your Host, and to the Santa Susana Handicap third Your Hostess. Only two years after Graustark's birth, Your Hostess produced a talented juvenile and the Kentucky Derby third T.V. Commercial; another year later, her grandson Majestic Prince was born - the chestnut colt later lost the Triple Crown when badly defeated by another Ribot son Arts And Letters in the Belmont Stakes. Your Hostess' granddaughter Hippodamia was born in 1971 and earned the honors of the champion 2-year-old filly in France, and later placed in the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches; another Your Hostess grandson Caracolero, born the same year, won the Prix du Jockey Club and was considered the best three-year-old in the country. The family never left the top ranks, producing the 1984 Epsom Derby winner Secreto, the 1995 U.S. Triple Crown near-miss Real Quiet, and several Japanese classic horses in the 21st century. Flower Bed's own branch didn't make that much noise, but Graustark's younger full brother His Majesty became North American leading sire in 1982; and the Derby Italiano winner of 1989 Prorutori aside, there are two more interesting names: the popular filly Groupie Doll, double U.S. champion female sprinter from 2012 and 2013, respectively; and another double U.S. champion Songbird, who lost the Breeders' Cup Distaff 2016 only to equally famous Beholder.

Simply - a lot could be expected from Graustark based solely on his pedigree.

Career

As a juvenile, Graustark won only three minor races, but all of them by wide margins. He was never considered to be even close to the top ranks, and he was soon sidelined by a splint injury, which took five months to heal. As a three-year-old, he won his debut at Hialeah Park, which started the series of four victories - a thing that people simply won't miss during the Triple Crown trail. It was well supported by the opinion of Graustark's regular rider Braulio Baeza, who also rode the juvenile champion Buckpasser, winner of 9 out of 11 starts - but still considered Graustark the best horse he has ever ridden. However, Braulio Baeza ended up watching Kauai King winning the Kentucky Derby from the saddle of the fourth-place finisher Stupendous. Buckpasser missed all the Triple Crown races due to a quarter crack, although he later returned in fantastic form and was voted both the champion three-year-old colt and the Horse of the Year. Graustark broke his coffin bone when finishing second in Blue Grass Stakes - the injury which ended his career for good.

At stud

Graustark's brilliance quickly turned into a real stallion power. His first crop included a bay filly Oh So Fair, who not only produced English fillies' Triple Crown winner Oh So Sharp, but also started a family with numerous G1 winners, including the One Thousand Guineas winner Ameerat and the St. Leger winner Shantou.

In his second crop, Graustark had Jim French, who lost both the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes to Canonero, and the Belmont Stakes to Pass Catcher. In the fillies' division, Grafitti ran second in the Kentucky Oaks, the Coaching Club American Oaks, and the Mother Goose Stakes - not much recognized, yet a very valuable achievement. It needs to be said that both horses had much more top efforts, as can you can see in the progeny list.

What Jim French wasn't able to do, Key to the Mint managed: although he didn't win any of the Triple Crown races, he stole the championship honors for 1972 season from the Kentucky Derby and the Belmont Stakes winner Riva Ridge with his spectacular summer and autumn winning series in the major handicaps. He lost the two-miles long Jockey Club Gold Cup by 15 lengths to the champion older horse Autobiography, but still defeated Riva Ridge in the race; as for Autobiography, he beat him two times in the Brooklyn Handicap and the Woodward Stakes.

However, Graustark grabbed some of the Triple Crown glory with grey colt Ruritania, who ran second in the Belmont Stakes; he later matured into a good turf runner. And finally, another member of the crop was Prove Out, who won the Woodward Stakes as a four-year-old over Secretariat in a very well-known story. While Jim French had his share of G1 winners, but nothing more, Key to the Mint went on to become the best sire by Graustark, with champions Plugged Nickle and Jewel Princess and also numerous successful horses from his daughters' families, including Seaside Attraction, Fantastic Light, Swain, Soaring Softly, Inside Information and great Japanese broodmare Dancing Key.

Foals of 1970 brought mostly some handicap and turf glory, and Graustark's first classic winner was finally born from the crop of 1971. Caracolero won the Prix du Jockey Club in France as an outsider, but still, it was the performance which established him the joint-top French 3-year-old at the end of the season. Avatar finally broke the bad luck in American classics a year later, as he won the Belmont Stakes and turned the tables with Foolish Pleasure, who defeated him in the Derby. But once again, the championship title for this season went to the late bloomer Wajima.

Not only that Graustark's granddaughters started to hit G2 successes from 1972; a future broodmare star Glowing Tribute was born in 1973. The granddaughter of great Searching, whose own granddam was legendary La Troienne, Glowing Tribute fully lived up to her family tradition, producing not only the Kentucky Derby winner Sea Hero (among other successful horses), but also another famous broodmare in Wild Applause, the dam of Eastern Echo and the granddam of Congrats and Flatter.

From 1974 crop, Avatar's full brother Monseigneur was a G1-placed in France. 1975 crop brought one of many G1 successful fillies by Graustark in the champion three-year-old filly Tempest Queen - a bit forgotten name from the year when the championship honors by age were divided among four-year-old Seattle Slew, three-year-old Affirmed, and two-year-old Spectacular Bid. From 1977 crop, Graustark had top fillies of their generation in Erin's Word and Love Sign; the latter won or placed in no less than 10 G1 races while competing against fillies like Genuine Risk, Bold n'Determined, Relaxing, Jameela or Christmas Past. As for England, Our Home from the same crop placed in the One Thousand Guineas.

1978 crop was very successful in Great Britain, when Protection Racket won the Irish St. Leger; more importantly, Graustark's grandson Bel Bolide was the top juvenile, running second in the Middle Park Stakes, and matured into the top miler with the third-place finishes in both the Two Thousand Guineas and the St. James's Palace Stakes. Another grandson Glint of Gold was defeated in the Epsom Derby only by mighty Shergar and added the second place from the St. Leger and victory from the Grand Prix de Paris. In the meantime, Leap Lively ran third in the Epsom Oaks, while Glint of Gold's full brother Diamond Shoal, member of 1979 crop, still had a lot of time to mature into his brilliant four-year-old form, winning three G1 races in three different countries on the European continent. He lost the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes only to champion filly Time Charter by less than a length, but still won the honors of top-rated European older male.

The Preakness Stakes third High Honor was born in 1980, while the granddaughter Dontstop Themusic from the same crop was another brave female top warrior for Graustark. Once again, 1981 was a year for future broodmare superpower, when G1-placed Wild Applause was born as a sole memorable member.

However, 1982 was one of the Graustark's best crops ever with five G1 winners. American classic hopes were carried by Proud Truth, winner of the Florida Derby and fifth from the Kentucky Derby after a rough trip. He won the Peter Pan Stakes in his tuneup for the Belmont Stakes, but was sidelined subsequently with the injury; he returned just in the right time to defeat a strong field in the second running of the Breeders' Cup Classic. In the meantime, Oh So Sharp not only won three classic races in Great Britain on her way to the title of the champion three-year-old filly, but also added runner-up finishes in the Benson And Hedges Gold Cup and the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes; the funny fact is that in both these defeats she beat a future Prix de l'Arc winner in the third place.

1983 was the second and the last crop where three generations were fighting for Graustark on top level: his daughter Steal a Kiss ran on the board in G1 races seven times; his grandson El Cuite won the Prix Royal Oak, his granddaughter Tiffany Lass won the Kentucky Oaks on her way to Eclipse Award for the champion three-year-old filly, and his great-grandson Waquoit matured into the top handicap horse, winning the Jockey Club Gold Cup, the Brooklyn Handicap and running third in the Breeders' Cup Classic behind Alysheba and Seeking the Gold.

Despite the fact that Graustark was never pensioned and bred mares until his death in 1988, he didn't produce any other major runner from the subsequent crops.

But his daughters still did. Pay the Butler was the top American turf runner and won the second running of the Japan Cup over two Japanese Horses of the Year in Tamamo Cross and Oguri Cap. Forest Flower not only won championship honors for the top English juvenile filly in 1986, but she also added the Irish 1000 Guineas victory the following spring. The year 1985 brought another storm of talented runners with Graustark's blood: he had no less than three colts on the Triple Crown trail - Brian's Time won the Florida Derby, Kingpost the Jim Beam Stakes and Primal ran second in the Arkansas Derby. Brian's Time was beaten in the Preakness by Risen Star, but defeated Winning Colors; as for the Belmont Stakes, he ran third behind Risen Star again, and was defeated for second by no one else than Kingpost. Primal matured into a very good handicap horse, with the victory in the Donn Handicap and the runner-up efforts in the Oaklawn and the Gulfstream Park Handicaps. The same crop included the U.S. champion turf horse Sunshine Forever, the King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes third Assatis, and already sixth major American female runner in Aptostar. There are two more things to say about this crop: its member was also Blushing John, grandson of Graffiti - winner of the Poule d'Essai des Poulains, and the U.S. champion older horse next year. And finally, Brian's Time was retired to stud in Japan, becoming one of the top local sires; his progeny includes Horses of the year Narita Brian and Mayano Top Gun.

Only briefly for the rest of the crops - it's worth saying that Graustark's influence goes as far as 2016, spanning no less than 43 years, at least so far. Let's name the St. Leger winner Michelozzo, a great turf runner Bien Bien, the Kentucky Derby and the Travers Stakes winner Sea Hero, the European champion three-year-old filly and simultaneously the champion U.S. grass mare Ryafan, the Breeders' Cup Sprint winner Reraise, top German filly Catella, G1-winning sprinter Mozart or sire Mizzen Mast. The youngest member of this contingent is Time And Motion, the winner of the Queen Elizabeth II. Challenge Cup Stakes G1 2016.

Factbook

Career notes:

At stud:

Progeny list

1967

Sire
Oh So Fair - b.f. out of Chandelle, by Swaps
Important broodmare. Dam of Roussalka, My Fair Niece, Our Home and Oh So Sharp.

1968

Sire
Grafitti - b.f. out of Fictitious, by Abernant
1. Ladies Handicap, Black Helen Handicap; 2. Kentucky Oaks, Coaching Club American Oaks, Mother Goose Stakes, Hempstead Handicap, Black Helen Handicap. Granddam of Night Fire, Blushing John, Indeed Slew and Electronic Zone.
Grenfall - ch.c. out of Primonetta, by Swaps
1. Gallinule Stakes
Jim French - dkb.c. out of Dinner Partner, by Tom Fool
1. Remsen Stakes, Santa Anita Derby, Dwyer Stakes; 2. Kentucky Derby, Belmont Stakes, Everglades Stakes, Hollywood Derby; 3. Champagne Stakes, Preakness Stakes, Florida Derby, Bay Shore Stakes, Flamingo Stakes

1969

Sire
Dance Partner - b.f. out of Dinner Partner, by Tom Fool
2. Sorority Stakes, Adirondack Stakes
Key to the Mint - b.c. out of Key Bridge, by Princequillo
1. Remsen Stakes, Travers Stakes, Whitney Stakes, Woodward Stakes, Brooklyn Handicap, Withers Stakes, Suburban Handicap, Excelsior Handicap; 2. Cowdin Stakes, Jockey Club Gold Cup, Metropolitan Handicap; 3. Garden State Stakes, Preakness Stakes. Champion 3-year-old colt 1972.
Ladiga - b.c. out of Celia, by Swaps
3. Ohio Derby
Prove Out - ch.c. out of Equal Venture, by Bold Venture
1. Jockey Club Gold Cup G1, Woodward Stakes G1, Grey Lag Handicap G2; 3. Westchester Handicap G2
Ruritania - gr.c. out of Aiming High, by Djebe
1. Manhattan Handicap (2nd div.); 2. Belmont Stakes, Man o'War Stakes, Dwyer Stakes; 3. Lawrence Realization, Bernard Baruch Handicap (2nd div.)

1970

Sire
Groshawk - ch.c. out of Songster, by Jester
1. Del Mar Futurity, Norfolk Stakes, Will Rogers Stakes G2; 2. Hollywood Derby G1, Oak Tree Invitational Stakes G2, Inglewood Handicap G2
Monetary Principle - ch.g. out of Mayan Princess, by Hill Prince
2. Brooklyn Handicap G1, Excelsior Handicap G2
Prince Dantan - ch.c. out of Lobelia, Bold Ruler
1. Santa Anita Handicap G1, San Antonio Handicap G1; 2. Excelsior Handicap G2; 3. Charles H. Strub Stakes G1, Vosburgh Stakes G2

1971

Sire
Caracolero - ch.c. out of Betty Loraine by Princ John
1. Prix du Jockey Club
Maud Muller - ch.f. out of Primonetta by Swaps
1. Gazelle Handicap G2; 2. Mother Goose Stakes G1, Test Stakes G2; 3. Coaching Club American Oaks G1
Shady Character - ch.c. out of Eastern Princess by Nasrullah
2. Manhattan Handicap (2nd div.) G1; 3. Bougainvillea Handicap (2nd div) G2

1972

Sire
Avatar - ch.c. out of Brown Berry by Mount Marcy
1. Santa Anita Derby, Belmont Stakes, San Luis Rey Stakes G1; 2. Kentucky Derby G1, Hollywood Gold Cup Handicap G1, Del Mar Handicap G2, San Fernando Stakes G2
Distant Land - b.c. out of Heartland by Bold Ruler
2. San Pasqual Handicap G2
Sylvan Place - dkb.c. out of Golden Trail by Hasty Road
2. Florida Derby G1, Ohio Derby G2
Damsire
Roussalka - b.f. by Habitat out of Oh So Fair
1. Nassau Stakes G2 - 2x, Coronation Stakes; 3. Crystal Mile G2. Dam of Gayane and Ristna.

1973

Sire
Glowing Tribute - b.f. out of Admiring by Hail to Reason
1. Diana Handicap G2, Sheepshead Bay Handicap G2 - 2x. Dam of Hero's Honor, Wild Applause, Glowing Honor, Sea Hero, Coronation Cup and Mackie. Broodmare of the year 1993.
Damsire
My Fair Niece - ch.f. by Great Nephew out of Oh So Fair
3. Ribblesdale Stakes G2

1974

Sire
Assez Cuite - b.f. out of Clinkers by Relic
2. Prix de la Salamandre G1. Dam of El Cuite and Signorina Cattiva; granddam of Michelozzo and Micheletti.
Magnificence - b.f. out of Magic by Buckpasser
1. Queen Charlotte Handicap G2; 2. Flower Bowl Invitational Handicap
Monseigneur - ch.c. out of Brown Berry by Mount Marcy
1. Prix du Conseil de Paris G2, Prix d'Harcourt G2; 2. Prix du Moulin de Longchamp G1, Prix Ganay G1; 3. Prix Dollar G2

1975

Sire
Tempest Queen - b.f. out of Queen's Paradise by Summer Tan
1. Acorn Stakes G1, Spinster Stakes G1, Gazelle Handicap G2; 3. Coaching Club American Oaks G1, Ruffian Handicap G1, Alabama Handicap G1, Mother Goose Stakes G1. U.S. champion three-year-old filly.

1976

Sire
Accomplice - b.c. out of Deceit by Prince John
3. Beresford Stakes G2
Gregorian - br.c. out of Natashka by Dedicate
1. Joe McGrath Memorial Stakes G1; 3. Eclipse Stakes G1, King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes G1, Ballymoss Stakes G2
Damsire
Valdez - ch.c. by Exclusive Native out of Sally Stark
1. Swaps Stakes G1, Silver Screen Handicap G2, San Pasqual Handicap G2; 2. Jerome Handicap G2; 3. Charles H. Strub Stakes G1, Meadowlands Cup Handicap G2

1977

Sire
Blast Off - b.c. out of Gris Vitesse by Amerigo
2. Prix Greffulhe G2
Proctor - gr.c. out of Overpowering by Bold Ruler
2. Lawrence Realization G2, Secretariat Stakes G2, Lexington Stakes G2; 3. Remsen Stakes G2
Damsire
Erin's Word - b.f. by Good Counsel out of Machree
2. Coaching Club American Oaks G1; 3. Mother Goose Stakes G1
Love Sign - dkb.f. by Spanish Riddle out of Native Nurse
1. Alabama Stakes G1, Beldame Stakes G1 - 2x, Test Stakes G1, Gazelle Handicap G2, Sheepshead Bay Handicap G2, Hempstead Handicap G2; 2. Spinster Stakes G1, Ruffian Handicap G1, Maskette Stakes G1; 3. Delaware Handicap G1, Beldame Stakes G1, Ruffian Handicap G1, Maskette Stakes G2, Hempstead Handicap G2
Our Home - b.f. by Habitat out of Oh So Fair
2. One Thousand Guineas G1; 3. Coronation Stakes G2

1978

Sire
Autumn Glory - dkb.f. out of Golden Trail by Hasty Road
3. Acorn Stakes G1
Protection Racket - b.c. out of Protectora by Prologo
1. Irish St. Leger
Damsire
Bel Bolide - ch.c. by Bold Bidder out of Lady Graustark
1. Gimcrack Stakes G2, Carleton F. Burke Handicap G2, Del Mar Handicap G2, American Handicap G2; 2. Middle Park Stakes G1, Richmond Stakes G2, Eddie Read Handicap G2; 3. Two Thousand Guineas G1, Coventry Stakes G2, St. James's Palace Stakes G2
Glint of Gold - b.c. by Mill Reef out of Crown Treasure
1. Gran Criterium G1, Derby Italiano G1, Europa Preis G1, Grand Prix de Paris G1, Grosser Preis von Baden G1, Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud G1, Great Voltigeur Stakes G2, John Porter Stakes G2; 2. Derby Stakes G1, St. Leger Stakes G1, Coronation Cup G1, Hardwicke Stakes G2; 3. King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes G1
Leap Lively - ch.f. by Nijinsky out of Quilloquick
2. Yorkshire Oaks G1; 3 Epsom Oaks G1. Dam of Forest Flower.

1979

Damsire
Diamond Shoal - b.c. by Mill Reef out of Crown Treasure
1. Grosser Preis von Baden G1, Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud G1, Gran Premio di Milano G1, Grand Prix d'Evry G2, John Porter Stakes G2; 2. King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes G1, Great Voltigeur Stakes G2; 3. St. Leger Stakes G1. European top older horse 1983.
Third sire
Night Fire - b.f. by Cannonade x Prince John - Graffitti
2. Wilshire Handicap G2, Las Palmas Handicap G2

1980

Sire
Feu de Guerre - b.c. out of Flashy by Sir Ivor
1. Premio Principe Amadeo G2; 2. Premio Federico Tesio G2
High Honors - out of Cum Laude Laurie by Hail to Reason
3. Preakness Stakes G1, Wood Memorial Stakes G1 (2nd div.)
Damsire
Aspen Rose - ch.f. by Little Current out of Lady Donna
1. Orchid Handicap (2nd div) G2; 2. Flower Bowl Invitational Handicap G1; 3. Golden Harvest Handicap G2, Black Helen Handicap G2
Donstop Themusic - b.f. by Stop the Music out of Yellow Serenade
1. Vanity Handicap G1, Spinster Stakes G1, Milady Handicap G2, Hawthorne Handicap G2; 2. Vanity Handicap G1, Santa Maria Handicap G2; 3. Breeders' Cup Distaff G1, Santa Margarita Handicap G1
Faith - b.c. by Icecapade out of Native Nurse
1. Arcadia Handicap G2
Hero's Honor - b.c. by Northern Dancer out of Glowing Tribute
1. Bowling Green Handicap G1, United Nations Handicap G1, Red Smith Handicap G2; 3. Rutgers Handicap G2

1981

Damsire
Dr. Schwartzman - b.c. by Fluorescent Light out of Stark Winter
2. Lexington Stakes G2, Canadian Turf Handicap G2; 3. Bougainvillea Handicap G2 (2nd div)
Wild Applause - b.f. by Northern Dancer out of Glowing Tribute
1. Diana Handicap G2; 2. Test Stakes G2; 3. Mother Goose Stakes G1. Dam of Eastern Echo, Roar and Yell.

1982

Sire
Proud Truth - ch.c. out of Wake Robin, by Summer Tan
1. Florida Derby G1, Peter Pan Stakes G1, Breeders' Cup Classic G1, Fountain of Youth Stakes G2, Tidal Handicap G2; 2. Flamingo Stakes G1, Wood Memorial Stakes G1, Gulfstream Park Handicap G1, Suburban Handicap G1
Damsire
Catatonic - b.f. by Big Spruce out of Flapper
1. Hempstead Handicap G1; 3. Delaware Handicap G1, Molly Pitcher Handicap G2
Dawns Curtsey - ch.f. by Far North out of Liberty Spirit
1. Flower Bowl Handicap G1; 2. Long Island Handicap G2; 3. E.P. Taylor Stakes G2, Sheepshead Bay Handicap G2, Black Helen Handicap G2
Oh So Sharp - ch.f. by Kris out of Oh So Fair
1. One Thousand Guineas G1, Oaks Stakes G1, St. Leger Stakes G1; 2. King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes G1, Benson & Hedges Gold Cup G1. Dam of Rosefinch and Savoire Vivre.
Siyah Kalem - ch.c. by Mr. Prospector out of Lady Graustark
2. Grosser Preis von Dusseldorf G2; 3. Crystal Mile G2
Third sire
Script Ohio - b.c. by Roberto x Never Band
1. Young America Stakes G1; 3. Cowdin Stakes G1

1983

Sire
Steal a Kiss - b.f. out of Queen's Paradise by Summer Tan
1. Sheepshead Bay Handicap G2; 2. Maskette Stakes G1, Ruffian Handicap G1, Delaware Handicap G1, Alcibiades Stakes G2; 3. Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies G1, Demoiselle Stakes G1, Ladies Handiap G1, Hempstead Handicap G1, Adirondack Stakes G2
Damsire
El Cuite - b.c. by Vaguely Noble out of Assez Cuite
1. Prix Royal Oak G1, Gran Premio d'Italia G1
Midnight Cousins - c. by Little Current out of Regal Road
3. Man o'War Stakes G1
Tiffany Lass - br.f. by Bold Forbes out of Sally Stark
1. Kentucky Oaks G1, Fantasy Stakes G1; 2. Milady BC Handicap G1; 3. Hawthorne Handicap G2. U.S. champion three-year-old filly.
Third sire
Waquoit - gr.c. by Relaunch x Grey Dawn
1. Brooklyn Handicap G1 - 2x, Jockey Club Gold Cup G1, Michigan Mile And One-Eight Handicap G2, Massachusetts Handicap G2; 2. Suburban Handicap G1, Stuyvesant Handicap G2, Massachusetts Handicap G2; 3. Woodward Stakes G1, Breeders' Cup Classic G1

1984

Damsire
Bint Pasha - ch.f. by Affirmed out of Icely Polite
1. Yorkshire Oaks G1, Prix Vermeille G1, Pretty Polly Stakes G2
Pay the Butler - b.c. by Val de l'Orne out of Princess Morvi
1. Japan Cup G1, Red Smith Handicap G2; 2. Man o'War Stakes G1, Bowling Green Handicap G1, Oak Tree Invitational Handicap G1, Pan American Handicap G1; 3. John Henry Handicap G1, Bowlin Green Handicap G1, Japan Cup G1
Something True - ch.f. by Sir Ivor out of Agretta
1. Grand Prix d'Evry G2; 3. Prix Vermeille G1
Third sire
Forest Flower - ch.f. by Green Forest x Nijinsky
1. Irish 1000 Guineas G1, Mill Reef Stakes G2; 2. Phoenix Stakes G1. English champion 2-year-old filly 1986.
Gayane - b.f. by Nureyev x Habitat - Roussalka
2. July Cup G1

1985

Damsire
Aptostar - b.f. by Fappiano out of Stark Drama
1. Acorn Stakes G1, Bed o'Roses Handicap G2; 2. Coaching Club American Oaks G1, Ballerina Handicap G1, Bed o'Roses Handicap G2, Genuine Risk Handicap G2; 3. Mother Goose Stakes G1, Top Flight Handicap G1, Maskette Stakes G1
Assatis - b.c. by Topsider out of Secret Asset
1. Gran Premio del Jockey Club Italiano G1, Hardwicke Stakes G2 - 2x; 2. Princess of Wales's Stakes G2; 3. King George VI. and Queen Elizabeth Stakes G1, Princess of Wales's Stakes G2
Brian's Time - dkb.c. by Roberto out of Kelley's Day
1. Florida Derby G1, Pegasus Handicap G1, Jim Dandy Stakes G2; 2. Preakness Stakes G1; 3. Belmont Stakes G1, Travers Stakes G1, Bernard Baruch Handicap G1; 2. Jim Beam Stakes G2, Nassau County Handicap G2
Glowing Honor - dkb.f. by Seattle Slew out of Glowing Tribute
1. Diana Handicap G2 - 2x; 3. Queen Elizabeth II. Challenge Cup Invitational Stakes G2
Kingpost - ch.g. by Stalwart out of Flaxen
1. Jim Beam Stakes G2; 2. Belmont Stakes G1; 3. Young America Stakes G1
Melodist - b.f. by The Minstrel out of Native Nurse
1. Oaks d'Italia G1; 2. Irish Oaks G1, Geoffrey Freer Stakes G2
Primal - b.g. by Maudlin out of Perl
1. Donn Handicap G1; 2. Arkansas Derby G1, Gulfstream Park Handicap G1, Oaklawn Handicap G1, Ohio Derby G2, Razorback Handicap G2; 3. Haskell Invitational Handicap G1, Donn Handicap G1. Triple G1 winner in UAE.
Summer Trip - dkb.f. by L'Emigrant out of Summer Review
2. Prix de Pomone G2; 3. Gran Premio d'Italia G1, Oaks d'Italia G1, Grosser Preis von Baden G1, Grosser Preis von Berlin G1, Prix de Pomone G2
Sunshine Forever - dkb.c. by Roberto out of Outward Sunshine
1. Washington D.C. International G1, Turf Classic Invitational Stakes G1, Man o'War Stakes G1, Lexington Stakes G2; 2. Breeders' Cup Turf G1, Sword Dancer Handicap G1, Saranac Stakes G2, Canadian Turf Handicap G2; 3. Arlington Million Stakes G1. U.S. champion turf horse 1988.
Third sire
Blushing John - ch.c. by Blushing Groom x Prince John - Graffitti
1. Poule d'Essai des Poulains G1, Hollywood Gold Cup Handicap G1, Razorback Handicap G2; 2. Californian Stakes G1; 3. Criterium de Saint-Cloud G1, Breeders' Cup Classic G1. U.S. champion older horse 1989.

1986

Damsire
Advocate Training - b.c. by Desert Wine out of Desire
2. Will Rogers Handicap G2; 3. Arkansas Derby G2
Ninety Years Young - c. by Northern Baby out of Coming Spring
3. Secretariat Stakes G1
Tremolos - ch.f. by Vice Regent out of Lady Susan
3. Rare Perfume Stakes G2
Warrshan - b.c. by Northern Dancer out of Secret Asset
3. Great Voltigeur Stakes G2
Third sire
Elmayer - ch.c. by Sharpen Up x Nijinsky
2. Prix Lupin G1; 3. Mill Reef Stakes G2
Michelozzo - b.c. by Northern Dancer x Luthier - Assez Cuite
1. St. Leger Stakes G1; 3. Princess of Wales's Stakes G2, Prix Kergorlay G2

1987

Damsire
Harbour Club - b.f. by Danzig out of Over Your Shoulder
2. Ballerina Handicap G1, Hempstead Handicap G1, Shuvee Handicap G1
Razeen - b.c. by Northern Dancer out of Secret Asset
3. Sunset Handicap G2, Inglewood Handicap G2
River God - b.c. by Val de l'Orne out of Princess Morvi
3. St. Leger Stakes G1
Silk Slippers - b.f. Nureyev out of Nalee's Fantasy
1. Fillies Mile G2

1988

Damsire
Malmsey - b.c. by Topsider out of Rebut
1. Grosser Hertie Preis G2
Nine Carat - b.c. by Slew o'Gold out of Fortune's Folly
3. Prix Jean Prat G1
Third sire
Eastern Echo - b.c. by Damascus x Northern Dancer - Glowing Tribute
1. Futurity Stakes G1
Micheletti - b.c. by Critique x Luthier - Assez Cuite
3. St. Leger Stakes G1
North Wind - b.f. by Lomond x Little Current
3. Nassau Stakes G2
Ristna - ch.f. by Kris x Habitat - Oh So Fair
1. Sun Chariot Stakes G2; 2. Sheepshead Bay Handicap G2
Young Daniel - b.c. by Turkoman x Never Bend
3. Tidal Handicap G2

1989

Damsire
Bien Bien - ch.c. by Manila out of Stark Winter
1. Hollywood Turf Cup Stakes G1, Hollywood Turf Handicap G1, San Luis Rey Stakes G1, San Juan Capistrano Invitational Handicap G1, Swaps Stakes G2, Sunset Handicap G2, San Marcos Stakes G2; 2. Hollywood Derby G1, San Juan Capistrano Invitational Handicap G1, Breeders' Cup Turf G1, San Luis Rey Stakes G1, Hollywood Turf Handicap G1, Santa Anita Handicap G1, San Luis Obispo Handicap G2
Third sire
Rosefinch - ch.f. by Blushing Groom x Kris
1. Prix Saint-Alary G1

1990

Damsire
Andromaque - ch.f. by Woodman out of Heaven's Mine
1. Prix de l'Opera G2; 2. Sun Chariot Stakes G2
Sea Hero - dkb.c. by Polish Navy out of Glowing Tribute
1. Champagne Stakes G1, Kentucky Derby G1, Travers Stakes G1; 2. Bowling Green Handicap G2; 3. Molson Export Million G1, Brooklyn Handicap G2
Silky Feather - dkb.f. by Personal Flag out of Fleur de Soie
2. Gazelle Handicap G1; 3. Coaching Club American Oaks G1, Alabama Stakes G1, Mother Goose Stakes G1
Third sire
England Expects - b.g. by Topsider x Spectacular Bid
3. Hopeful Stakes G1
Hasten to Add - gr.c. by Cozzene x Cougar
2. Elkhorn Stakes; 3. Rothmans International G1, Turf Classic Stakes G2. Canadian champion male turf horse 1995.

1991

Damsire
Coronation Cup - b.f. by Chief's Crown out of Glowing Tribute
3. Diana Handicap G2
Third sire
Indeed Slew - dkb.c. by Seattle Slew x Prince John - Graffitti
3. Keisei Hai Sansai Stakes G2

1992

Damsire
Snowtown - b.f. by Alzao out of Golden Bough
3. Fillies Mile G1
Third sire
Belle of Cozzene - gr.f. by Cozzene x Little Current
3. Spinster Stakes G1
Rutilio Rufo - ch.c. by One For All x Unconscious
3. Premio Emanuele Filiberto G2, St. Leger Italiano

1993

Damsire
Mackie - dkb.f. by Summer Squall out of Glowing Tribute
3. Ashland Stakes G1
Third sire
River Bay - ch.c. by Irish River x Good Counsel
1. Hollywood Turf Cup Stakes G1, Charles Whittingham Memorial Handicap G1, Prix d'Harcourt G2, Sunset Handicap G2; 2. Hollywood Turf Handicap G1, Del Mar Handicap G2, Sunset Handicap G2; 3. Oak Tree Turf Championship G1
Roar - b.c. by Forty Niner x Northern Dancer - Glowing Tribute
1. Jim Beam Stakes G2; 3. Withers Stakes G2, Lexington Stakes G2

1994

Third sire
Bagshot - dkb.c. by Smokester x Northern Jove
2. Santa Anita Handicap G1; 3. San Bernardino Handicap G2, Strub Stakes G2
Electronic Zone - ch.c. by Rahy x Prince John - Graffitti
2. Sha Tin Vase G2
Musheer - dkb.c. by Known Fact x L'Emigrant
3. Champagne Stakes G2
Orange Peel - ch.f. by Sunday Silence x Exclusive Native
1. Yonsai Himba Tokubetsu G2
Ryafan -b.f. by Lear Fan x Northern Dancer
1. Prix Marcel Boussac G1, Queen Elizabeth II. Challenge Cup Invitational Stakes G1, Yellow Ribbon Stakes G1, Matriarch Stakes G1, Nassau Stakes G2, Falmouth Stakes G2; 2. Moyglare Stud Stakes G1. European champion 3-year-old filly, US champion female turf horse 1997.

1995

Third sire
Reraise - dkb.g. by Danzatore x Policeman
1. Breeders' Cup Sprint G1
Sunshine Street - b.c. by Sunshine Forever x Chief's Crown
1. San Juan Capistrano Invitational Handicap G1; 2. Royal Whip Stakes G2, Gallinule Stakes G2; 3. St. Leger Stakes G1, American Handicap G2

1996

Damsire
Gracioso - ch.c. by Nureyev out of Don't Sulk
1. Prix Lupin G1; 3. Prix Greffulhe G2
Signorina Cattiva - b.f. by El Gran Senor out of Assez Cuite
3. Oaks d'Italia G1, Premio Roma G1
Third sire
Catella - ch.f. by Generous x Kris
1. Aral-Pokal G1, Gerling Preis G2, Frankfurt Trophy G2; 2. Gran Premio di Milano G1, Grosser Preis von Baden G1, Grosser Preis der Wirtschaft G2; 3. Europa Preis G1, Deutschland Preis G1, Breeders' Cup Filly And Mare Turf G1
Mula Gula - b.c. by Lil E. Tee x Ascot Knight
1. Oak Tree Derby G2; 2, Winnercomm Handicap G2, Washington Park Handicap G2; 3. Arlington Million Stakes G1
Pardus - b.g. by Unfuwain x Irish River
2. Grosser Europa Meile G2; 3. Premio Ribot G2
Tillerman - br.c. by In the Wings x Roberto
1. Celebration Mile G2; 2. Queen Anne Stakes G2; 3. Queen Elizabeth II. Stakes G1 - 2x, Celebration Mile G2

1997

Third sire
Cayman Sunset - ch.f. by Night Shift x Roberto
3. Canadian Handicap G2
Savoire Vivre - b.c. by Sadler's Wells x Kris
2. Geoffrey Freer Stakes G2
Zafonium - ch.c. by Zafonic x Affirmed
2. King Edward VII. Stakes G2

1998

Damsire
Cool Cousin - b.f. by Distant Relative out of Nordic Dance
3. Flying Five Stakes G2
Mizzen Mast - gr.c. by Cozzene out of Kinema
1. Malibu Stakes G1; 2. Grand Prix de Paris G1
Third sire
Mozart - b.c. by Danehill x Spectacular Bid
1. July Cup G1, Nunthorpe Stakes G1; 2. Irish 2000 Guineas G1

1999

Third sire
Epicentre - b.c. by Kris S x Northern Dancer
3. Hollywood Turf Cup Stakes G1 (DQ from 1), San Luis Rey Handicap G2

2000

Third sire
Scottago - b.g. by Lear Fan x Nureyev
3. American Derby G2
Yell - dkb.f. by A.P. Indy x Northern Dancer - Glowing Tribute
1. Davona Dale Stakes G2; 2. Mother Goose Stakes G1, Molly Pitcher Handicap G2; 3. Kentucky Oaks G1

2002

Third sire
Albert Hall - b.c. by Danehill x Roberto
1. Beresford Stakes G2; 2. Racing Post Trophy G1
Floral Pegasus - ch.c. by Fusaichi Pegasus x Mill Reef
1. Hong Kong Classic Mile G1, Hong Kong Derby Trial G2; 2. Hong Kong Derby G1, Stewards Cup G1, International Mile Trial G2; 3. International Mile Trial G2
Sharp Lisa - ch.f. by Dixieland Band x Dynaformer
1. Las Virgenes Stakes G1, Santa Ynez Stakes G2, Santa Barbara Handicap G2; 2. Hollywood Starlet Stakes G1, Alcibiades Stakes G2; 3. Vanity Handicap G1

2003

Third sire
Spring at Last - dkb.c. by Silver Deputy x Dynaformer
1. Donn Handicap G1, Godolphin Mile G2; 2. Malibu Stakes G1, Strub Stakes G2

2004

Third sire
Al Nasrain - b.c. by Admire Vega x El Gran Senor
1. Nikkei Sho G2; 2. Tenno Sho (Spring) G1; 3. Kyoto Daishoten G2
Sharp Susan - dkb.f. by Touch Gold x Dynaformer
1. Lake Placid Handicap G2; 3. Garden City Stakes G1

2008

Third sire
Awesome Bet - dkb.c. by Awesome Again x Kris S
2. Super Derby G2

2013

Third sire
Time And Motion - b.f. by Tapit out of Ellie's Moment
1. Queen Elizabeth II. Challenge Cup Stakes G1, Lake Placid Stakes G2; 2. Belmont Oaks Invitational Stakes G1

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